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Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders: HELP
Articles by Richard Sloan
Based on 2 articles published since 2008

Between 2008 and 2019, Richard Sloan wrote the following 2 articles about Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Review WITHDRAWN: Benzodiazepines and related drugs for insomnia in palliative care. 2013

Hirst, Allison / Sloan, Richard. ·EQUATOR Network, Centre for Statistics in Medicine, Wolfson College Annexe, Linton Road, Oxford, Oxford, UK, OX2 6UD. ·Cochrane Database Syst Rev · Pubmed #24272959.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

2 Article Sleep Duration and Quality in Relation to Autonomic Nervous System Measures: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). 2016

Castro-Diehl, Cecilia / Diez Roux, Ana V / Redline, Susan / Seeman, Teresa / McKinley, Paula / Sloan, Richard / Shea, Steven. ·Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons, New York, NY. · Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY. · Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Drexel University School of Public Health, Philadelphia, PA. · Departments of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA. · Department of Medicine/Geriatrics, University of California, Los Angeles, CA. · Division of Behavioral Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons, New York, NY. ·Sleep · Pubmed #27568797.

ABSTRACT: STUDY OBJECTIVES: Short sleep duration and poor sleep quality are associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes. Potential pathophysiological mechanisms include sleep-associated alterations in the autonomic nervous system. The objective of this study was to examine the associations of shorter sleep duration and poorer sleep quality with markers of autonomic tone: heart rate (HR), high-frequency HR variability (HF-HRV) and salivary amylase. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of data from actigraphy-based measures of sleep duration and efficiency and responses to a challenge protocol obtained from 527 adult participants in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. RESULTS: Participants who slept fewer than 6 h per night (compared to those who slept 7 h or more per night) had higher baseline HR (fully adjusted model 0.05 log beats/min, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.01, 0.09) and greater HR orthostatic reactivity (fully adjusted model 0.02 log beats/min, 95% CI 0.002, 0.023). Participants who slept 6 to less than 7 h/night (compared to those who slept 7 h or more per night) had lower baseline HF-HRV (fully adjusted model -0.31 log msec CONCLUSIONS: Short sleep duration, low sleep efficiency, and insomnia combined with short sleep duration were associated with markers of autonomic tone that indicate lower levels of cardiac parasympathetic (vagal) tone and/or higher levels of sympathetic tone.