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Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders: HELP
Articles by Nanette Santoro
Based on 4 articles published since 2008
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Between 2008 and 2019, N. Santoro wrote the following 4 articles about Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders.
 
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Review Management of the Perimenopause. 2018

Delamater, Lara / Santoro, Nanette. ·Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado. ·Clin Obstet Gynecol · Pubmed #29952797.

ABSTRACT: Perimenopause, or the menopausal transition, represents a period of time during which newly arising symptoms can present complex management decisions for providers. Many women present to care with complaints of hot flashes, vaginal and sexual changes, altered mood and sleep, and changing bleeding patterns. The effect of these symptoms on quality of life, even before a woman enters menopause, can be significant. The appropriate evaluation and evidence-based management of women in this transition is reviewed in this article. Two case vignettes are used to highlight certain evaluation and treatment challenges.

2 Article Longitudinal changes in menopausal symptoms comparing women randomized to low-dose oral conjugated estrogens or transdermal estradiol plus micronized progesterone versus placebo: the Kronos Early Estrogen Prevention Study. 2017

Santoro, Nanette / Allshouse, Amanda / Neal-Perry, Genevieve / Pal, Lubna / Lobo, Rogerio A / Naftolin, Frederick / Black, Dennis M / Brinton, Eliot A / Budoff, Matthew J / Cedars, Marcelle I / Dowling, N Maritza / Dunn, Mary / Gleason, Carey E / Hodis, Howard N / Isaac, Barbara / Magnani, Maureen / Manson, JoAnn E / Miller, Virginia M / Taylor, Hugh S / Wharton, Whitney / Wolff, Erin / Zepeda, Viola / Harman, S Mitchell. ·1Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2Department of Biostatistics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 3Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Women's Health and Neurosciences, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 4Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 5Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 6Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 7Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 8Utah Foundation for Biomedical Research, Salt Lake City, UT 9Department of Cardiology, Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor UCLA, Torrance, CA 10Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 11Departments of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 12Kronos Longevity Research Institute, Phoenix, AZ 13Department of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 14Atherosclerosis Research Unit, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 15Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 16Departments of Surgery and Physiology & Biomedical Engineering, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 17Department of Neurology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 18Department of Reproductive Biology and Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 19Department of Medicine, Endocrine Division, Phoenix VA Health Care System, Phoenix, AZ. ·Menopause · Pubmed #27779568.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to compare the efficacy of two forms of menopausal hormone therapy in alleviating vasomotor symptoms, insomnia, and irritability in early postmenopausal women during 4 years. METHODS: A total of 727 women, aged 42 to 58, within 3 years of their final menstrual period, were randomized to receive oral conjugated estrogens (o-CEE) 0.45 mg (n = 230) or transdermal estradiol (t-E2) 50 μg (n = 225; both with micronized progesterone 200 mg for 12 d each mo), or placebos (PBOs; n = 275). Menopausal symptoms were recorded at screening and at 6, 12, 24, 36, and 48 months postrandomization. Differences in proportions of women with symptoms at baseline and at each follow-up time point were compared by treatment arm using exact χ tests in an intent-to-treat analysis. Differences in treatment effect by race/ethnicity and body mass index were tested using generalized linear mixed effects modeling. RESULTS: Moderate to severe hot flashes (from 44% at baseline to 28.3% for PBO, 7.4% for t-E2, and 4.2% for o-CEE) and night sweats (from 35% at baseline to 19% for PBO, 5.3% for t-E2, and 4.7% for o-CEE) were reduced significantly by 6 months in women randomized to either active hormone compared with PBO (P < 0.001 for both symptoms), with no significant differences between the active treatment arms. Insomnia and irritability decreased from baseline to 6 months postrandomization in all groups. There was an intermittent reduction in insomnia in both active treatment arms versus PBO, with o-CEE being more effective than PBO at 36 and 48 months (P = 0.002 and 0.05) and t-E2 being more effective than PBO at 48 months (P = 0.004). Neither hormone treatment significantly affected irritability compared with PBO. Symptom relief for active treatment versus PBO was not significantly modified by body mass index or race/ethnicity. CONCLUSIONS: Recently postmenopausal women had similar and substantial reductions in hot flashes and night sweats with lower-than-conventional doses of oral or transdermal estrogen. These reductions were sustained during 4 years. Insomnia was intermittently reduced compared with PBO for both hormone regimens.

3 Article Menopausal symptoms within a Hispanic cohort: SWAN, the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation. 2010

Green, R / Polotsky, A J / Wildman, R P / McGinn, A P / Lin, J / Derby, C / Johnston, J / Ram, K T / Crandall, C J / Thurston, R / Gold, E / Weiss, G / Santoro, N. ·Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Women's Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, NY 10461, USA. ·Climacteric · Pubmed #20136411.

ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Since the designation of people as Hispanic involves the amalgamation of a number of different cultures and languages, we sought to test the hypothesis that menopausal symptoms would differ among Hispanic women, based upon country of origin and degree of acculturation. METHODS: A total of 419 women, aged 42-52 years at baseline, were categorized as: Central American (CA, n = 29) or South American (SA, n = 106), Puerto Rican (PR, n = 56), Dominican (D, n = 42), Cuban (Cu, n = 44) and non-Hispanic Caucasian (n = 142). We assessed vasomotor symptoms, vaginal dryness and trouble in sleeping. Hispanics and non-Hispanic Caucasians were compared using the chi(2) test, t test or non-parametric alternatives; ANOVA or Kruskal-Wallis testing examined differences among the five Hispanic sub-groups. Multivariable regression models used PR women as the reference group. RESULTS: Hispanic women were overall less educated, less acculturated (p < 0.001 for both) than non-Hispanic Caucasians and more of them reported vasomotor symptoms (34.1-72.4% vs. 38.3% among non-Hispanic Caucasians; p = 0.0293) and vaginal dryness (17.9-58.6% vs. 21.1% among non-Hispanic Caucasians, p = 0.0287). Among Hispanics, more CA women reported vasomotor symptoms than D, Cu, SA, or PR women (72.4% vs. 45.2%, 34.1%, 50.9%, and 51.8%, respectively). More CA (58.6%) and D women (38.1%) reported vaginal dryness than PR (17.9%), Cu (25.0%) and SA (31.4%) women. More PR and D women reported trouble in sleeping (66.1 and 64.3%, respectively) compared to CA (51.7%), Cu (36.4%), and SA (45.3%) women. CONCLUSION: Symptoms associated with menopause among Hispanic women differed by country of origin but not acculturation. Central American women appear to be at greatest risk for both vasomotor symptoms and vaginal dryness.

4 Article Implications of diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) extend well beyond reproductive concerns. 2008

Pal, Lubna / Bevilacqua, Kris / Zeitlian, Gohar / Shu, Jun / Santoro, Nanette. ·Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA. lubnapal@hotmail.com ·Menopause · Pubmed #18791485.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether a diagnosis of diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) in premenopausal years has adverse implications for skeletal health and quality of life. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study of infertile, albeit healthy, mid-reproductive-age women (younger than 42 y) attending an academic infertility practice. RESULTS: Eighty-nine women with varying causes of infertility were prospectively enrolled. Serum (cycle d 1-3) was collected for markers of ovarian reserve, bone metabolism, testosterone, and free androgen index. Bone mineral density (BMD) was assessed and categorized as low if the Z score was less than -1.0). Infertile women with DOR (n = 28) demonstrated significantly higher serum follicle-stimulating hormone levels (P < 0.001), lower müllerian-inhibiting substance (MIS) levels (P < 0.001), smaller ovarian dimensions (P < 0.05), lower testosterone levels (P = 0.035), lower free androgen index (P = 0.019), and enhanced bone metabolism (P = 0.003); although the prevalence of low BMD was higher in women with DOR who were younger than 41, this relationship was not of statistical significance (P = 0.106). Women younger than 41 years of age with DOR were significantly more likely to manifest disturbed sleep (P = 0.049) and acknowledge dissatisfaction with sexual intimacy (P = 0.004) compared with those with infertility and normal ovarian reserve. After adjustment for potential confounders, a diagnosis of DOR was significantly associated with low BMD, increased bone turnover, sexual dissatisfaction, and disturbed sleep. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that DOR unmasked in the context of infertility evaluation has adverse implications for a woman's well-being that extend well beyond the thus far appreciated reproductive concerns. A decline in ovarian hormones, specifically estrogen and testosterone, concomitant with DOR may be hypothesized as a mechanism that can explain the observed multisystem ramifications of DOR including increased bone turnover, low BMD, sexual distress, and disturbed sleep.