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Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders: HELP
Articles by Kyle P. Johnson
Based on 3 articles published since 2009
(Why 3 articles?)

Between 2009 and 2019, Kyle Johnson wrote the following 3 articles about Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Guideline A practice pathway for the identification, evaluation, and management of insomnia in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. 2012

Malow, Beth A / Byars, Kelly / Johnson, Kyle / Weiss, Shelly / Bernal, Pilar / Goldman, Suzanne E / Panzer, Rebecca / Coury, Daniel L / Glaze, Dan G / Anonymous1500741. ·Departments of Neurology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA. beth.malow@vanderbilt.edu ·Pediatrics · Pubmed #23118242.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: This report describes the development of a practice pathway for the identification, evaluation, and management of insomnia in children and adolescents who have autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). METHODS: The Sleep Committee of the Autism Treatment Network (ATN) developed a practice pathway, based on expert consensus, to capture best practices for an overarching approach to insomnia by a general pediatrician, primary care provider, or autism medical specialist, including identification, evaluation, and management. A field test at 4 ATN sites was used to evaluate the pathway. In addition, a systematic literature review and grading of evidence provided data regarding treatments of insomnia in children who have neurodevelopmental disabilities. RESULTS: The literature review revealed that current treatments for insomnia in children who have ASD show promise for behavioral/educational interventions and melatonin trials. However, there is a paucity of evidence, supporting the need for additional research. Consensus among the ATN sleep medicine committee experts included: (1) all children who have ASD should be screened for insomnia; (2) screening should be done for potential contributing factors, including other medical problems; (3) the need for therapeutic intervention should be determined; (4) therapeutic interventions should begin with parent education in the use of behavioral approaches as a first-line approach; (5) pharmacologic therapy may be indicated in certain situations; and (6) there should be follow-up after any intervention to evaluate effectiveness and tolerance of the therapy. Field testing of the practice pathway by autism medical specialists allowed for refinement of the practice pathway. CONCLUSIONS: The insomnia practice pathway may help health care providers to identify and manage insomnia symptoms in children and adolescents who have ASD. It may also provide a framework to evaluate the impact of contributing factors on insomnia and to test the effectiveness of nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic treatment strategies for the nighttime symptoms and daytime functioning and quality of life in ASD.

2 Review Sleep patterns in autism spectrum disorders. 2009

Johnson, Kyle P / Giannotti, Flavia / Cortesi, Flavia. ·Department of Psychiatry, Oregon Health & Science University, DC-7P, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA. johnsoky@ohsu.edu ·Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am · Pubmed #19836696.

ABSTRACT: Like children with other developmental disabilities, children with autism spectrum disorders suffer from sleep problems at a greater rate than typically developing children. It is increasingly recognized that addressing these sleep problems may improve daytime functioning and decrease family stress. The sleep problems experienced by children with autism spectrum disorders are presented in this article.

3 Article Review of disrupted sleep patterns in Smith-Magenis syndrome and normal melatonin secretion in a patient with an atypical interstitial 17p11.2 deletion. 2009

Boudreau, Eilis A / Johnson, Kyle P / Jackman, Angela R / Blancato, Jan / Huizing, Marjan / Bendavid, Claude / Jones, Marypat / Chandrasekharappa, Settara C / Lewy, Alfred J / Smith, Ann C M / Magenis, R Ellen. ·Department of Neurology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon 97207, USA. ·Am J Med Genet A · Pubmed #19530184.

ABSTRACT: Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) is a disorder characterized by multiple congenital anomalies and behavior problems, including abnormal sleep patterns. It is most commonly due to a 3.5 Mb interstitial deletion of chromosome 17 band p11.2. Secretion of melatonin, a hormone produced by the pineal gland, is the body's signal for nighttime darkness. Published reports of 24-hr melatonin secretion patterns in two independent SMS cohorts (US and France) document an inverted endogenous melatonin pattern in virtually all cases (96%), suggesting that this finding is pathognomic for the syndrome. We report on a woman with SMS due to an atypical large proximal deletion ( approximately 6Mb; cen<->TNFRSFproteinB) of chromosome band (17)(p11.2p11.2) who presents with typical sleep disturbances but a normal pattern of melatonin secretion. We further describe a melatonin light suppression test in this patient. This is the second reported patient with a normal endogenous melatonin rhythm in SMS associated with an atypical large deletion. These two patients are significant because they suggest that the sleep disturbances in SMS cannot be solely attributed to the abnormal diurnal melatonin secretion versus the normal nocturnal pattern.