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Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders: HELP
Articles by Daniel L. Coury
Based on 3 articles published since 2010
(Why 3 articles?)

Between 2010 and 2020, Daniel Coury wrote the following 3 articles about Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Guideline A practice pathway for the identification, evaluation, and management of insomnia in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. 2012

Malow, Beth A / Byars, Kelly / Johnson, Kyle / Weiss, Shelly / Bernal, Pilar / Goldman, Suzanne E / Panzer, Rebecca / Coury, Daniel L / Glaze, Dan G / Anonymous1500741. ·Departments of Neurology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA. beth.malow@vanderbilt.edu ·Pediatrics · Pubmed #23118242.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: This report describes the development of a practice pathway for the identification, evaluation, and management of insomnia in children and adolescents who have autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). METHODS: The Sleep Committee of the Autism Treatment Network (ATN) developed a practice pathway, based on expert consensus, to capture best practices for an overarching approach to insomnia by a general pediatrician, primary care provider, or autism medical specialist, including identification, evaluation, and management. A field test at 4 ATN sites was used to evaluate the pathway. In addition, a systematic literature review and grading of evidence provided data regarding treatments of insomnia in children who have neurodevelopmental disabilities. RESULTS: The literature review revealed that current treatments for insomnia in children who have ASD show promise for behavioral/educational interventions and melatonin trials. However, there is a paucity of evidence, supporting the need for additional research. Consensus among the ATN sleep medicine committee experts included: (1) all children who have ASD should be screened for insomnia; (2) screening should be done for potential contributing factors, including other medical problems; (3) the need for therapeutic intervention should be determined; (4) therapeutic interventions should begin with parent education in the use of behavioral approaches as a first-line approach; (5) pharmacologic therapy may be indicated in certain situations; and (6) there should be follow-up after any intervention to evaluate effectiveness and tolerance of the therapy. Field testing of the practice pathway by autism medical specialists allowed for refinement of the practice pathway. CONCLUSIONS: The insomnia practice pathway may help health care providers to identify and manage insomnia symptoms in children and adolescents who have ASD. It may also provide a framework to evaluate the impact of contributing factors on insomnia and to test the effectiveness of nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic treatment strategies for the nighttime symptoms and daytime functioning and quality of life in ASD.

2 Article Family-Driven Goals to Improve Care for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder. 2018

Bellesheim, Katherine R / Cole, Lynn / Coury, Daniel L / Yin, Larry / Levy, Susan E / Guinnee, Meghan A / Klatka, Kirsten / Malow, Beth A / Katz, Terry / Taylor, Jane / Sohl, Kristin. ·Thompson Center for Autism and Neurodevelopmental Disorders, and. · Departments of Psychological Sciences and. · University of Rochester Medical Center, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York. · Department of Pediatrics, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio. · Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California. · Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. · Catalyst Research, Depew, New York. · National Institute for Children's Health Quality, Boston, Massachusetts. · Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee; and. · Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado. · Thompson Center for Autism and Neurodevelopmental Disorders, and sohlk@health.missouri.edu. · Child Health, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri. ·Pediatrics · Pubmed #30108141.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Constipation and insomnia are not consistently identified and treated in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) despite their high prevalence and deleterious impact in this population. To standardize care, a constipation practice pathway and an insomnia practice pathway were previously developed by Autism Treatment Network clinicians. Our objective was to implement and refine these practice pathways in clinical settings. METHODS: Eleven Autism Treatment Network sites participated in a Learning Collaborative (ie, multidisciplinary quality improvement team) and chose to implement either the constipation or insomnia practice pathway in the clinical setting. Families set intervention goals (eg, increase stool frequency, decrease nighttime awakenings) before treatment. Each site began implementation with 1 patient and then increased implementation by factors of 5. Before each increase, the Learning Collaborative evaluated progress and refined the practice pathways. Process improvement was measured primarily by duration until goal attainment and by percentage of families who meet their goals. RESULTS: Across sites, 82 children with ASD and constipation and 101 children with ASD and insomnia were managed. Difficulties with intervention adherence and communication between providers and families were reported and were subsequently improved with parallel refinements to both practice pathways. The most notable modification was incorporating a goal-setting session in which families generated their own intervention goals (ie, family-driven goals). In this quality improvement initiative, 75% of families met at least 1 constipation or insomnia goal, with the median time to improvement being 6 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: By integrating a family-centered approach into the standardization of care, constipation and insomnia practice pathways may improve engagement, adherence, and management of medical conditions in children with ASD.

3 Article Sleep Difficulties and Medications in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Registry Study. 2016

Malow, Beth A / Katz, Terry / Reynolds, Ann M / Shui, Amy / Carno, Margaret / Connolly, Heidi V / Coury, Daniel / Bennett, Amanda E. ·Sleep Disorders Division, Department of Neurology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee; beth.malow@vanderbilt.edu. · Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado; · Biostatistics Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; · Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York; · Department of Pediatrics, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio; and. · Department of Pediatrics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ·Pediatrics · Pubmed #26908483.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Sleep difficulties are common in children with autism spectrum disorders, with wide-ranging effects on the child's daytime behavior. We reviewed data within our Autism Speaks Autism Treatment Network Registry to determine the prevalence of sleep difficulties and patterns of medication use. METHODS: Data from 1518 children ages 4 to 10 years were analyzed to determine the number of children documented to have sleep difficulties by parent-completed questionnaires and clinician-completed forms and how these findings related to the use of sleep medications. RESULTS: The Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire total score was ≥41 (associated with clinically significant sleep problems in past research) in 71% of children. The prevalence of sleep diagnoses was less frequent (30% of children aged 4-10 years; P < .0001). Medications for sleep were prescribed in 46% of 4- to 10-year-olds given a sleep diagnosis. The most common medication used for sleep was melatonin followed by α-agonists, with a variety of other medications taken for sleep (anticonvulsants, antidepressants, atypical antipsychotics, and benzodiazepines). Children taking medications for sleep had worse daytime behavior and pediatric quality of life than children not taking sleep medications. CONCLUSIONS: Parent concerns about sleep may not be reflected in the information gathered during a clinic visit, supporting the need to develop screening practice pathways for sleep in autism spectrum disorders. Furthermore, many medications taken for sleep have adverse effects, supporting the need for evidence-based interventions in this population.