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Pancreatic Neoplasms: HELP
Articles by Nadia Di Muzio
Based on 7 articles published since 2010
(Why 7 articles?)

Between 2010 and 2020, Nadia di Muzio wrote the following 7 articles about Pancreatic Neoplasms.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Clinical Trial Hypofractionated image-guided IMRT in advanced pancreatic cancer with simultaneous integrated boost to infiltrated vessels concomitant with capecitabine: a phase I study. 2013

Passoni, Paolo / Reni, Michele / Cattaneo, Giovanni M / Slim, Najla / Cereda, Stefano / Balzano, Gianpaolo / Castoldi, Renato / Longobardi, Barbara / Bettinardi, Valentino / Gianolli, Luigi / Gusmini, Simone / Staudacher, Carlo / Calandrino, Riccardo / Di Muzio, Nadia. ·Department of Radiation Oncology, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy. Electronic address: passoni.paolo@hsr.it. ·Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys · Pubmed #24267968.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To determine the maximum tolerated radiation dose (MTD) of an integrated boost to the tumor subvolume infiltrating vessels, delivered simultaneously with radical dose to the whole tumor and concomitant capecitabine in patients with pretreated advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients with stage III or IV pancreatic adenocarcinoma without progressive disease after induction chemotherapy were eligible. Patients underwent simulated contrast-enhanced four-dimensional computed tomography and fluorodeoxyglucose-labeled positron emission tomography. Gross tumor volume 1 (GTV1), the tumor, and GTV2, the tumor subvolume 1 cm around the infiltrated vessels, were contoured. GTVs were fused to generate Internal Target Volume (ITV)1 and ITV2. Biological tumor volume (BTV) was fused with ITV1 to create the BTV+Internal Target Volume (ITV) 1. A margin of 5/5/7 mm (7 mm in cranium-caudal) was added to BTV+ITV1 and to ITV2 to create Planning Target Volume (PTV) 1 and PTV2, respectively. Radiation therapy was delivered with tomotherapy. PTV1 received a fixed dose of 44.25 Gy in 15 fractions, and PTV2 received a dose escalation from 48 to 58 Gy as simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) in consecutive groups of at least 3 patients. Concomitant chemotherapy was capecitabine, 1250 mg/m(2) daily. Dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) was defined as any treatment-related G3 nonhematological or G4 hematological toxicity occurring during the treatment or within 90 days from its completion. RESULTS: From June 2005 to February 2010, 25 patients were enrolled. The dose escalation on the SIB was stopped at 58 Gy without reaching the MTD. One patient in the 2(nd) dose level (50 Gy) had a DLT: G3 acute gastric ulcer. Three patients had G3 late adverse effects associated with gastric and/or duodenal mucosal damage. All patients received the planned dose of radiation. CONCLUSIONS: A dose of 44.25 Gy in 15 fractions to the whole tumor with an SIB of 58 Gy to small tumor subvolumes concomitant with capecitabine is feasible in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced pancreatic cancer.

2 Clinical Trial Adjuvant PEFG (cisplatin, epirubicin, 5-fluorouracil, gemcitabine) or gemcitabine followed by chemoradiation in pancreatic cancer: a randomized phase II trial. 2012

Reni, Michele / Balzano, Gianpaolo / Aprile, Giuseppe / Cereda, Stefano / Passoni, Paolo / Zerbi, Alessandro / Tronconi, Maria Chiara / Milandri, Carlo / Saletti, Piercarlo / Rognone, Alessia / Fugazza, Clara / Magli, Alessandro / Di Muzio, Nadia / Di Carlo, Valerio / Villa, Eugenio. ·Department of Oncology, S. Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy. reni.michele@hsr.it ·Ann Surg Oncol · Pubmed #22237835.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Information from randomized trials on the role of combination chemotherapy in the adjuvant treatment of pancreatic adenocarcinoma is limited. This randomized phase II trial aimed to identify the most promising regimen warranting phase III evaluation. METHODS: Therapy-naive patients, age 18-75 years, Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS)>60, gross total resection of stage IB-III pancreatic adenocarcinoma, stratified for center and surgical margins, were randomly assigned to receive either gemcitabine 1 g/m2 weekly on days 1, 8, and 15 (arm A) or the PEFG regimen (cisplatin and epirubicin 40 mg/m2, day 1; gemcitabine 600 mg/m2, days 1, 8; 5-fluorouracil 200 mg/m2 daily, days 1-28) (arm B). Chemotherapy was administered every 4 weeks for 3 months and followed by irradiation concurrent to continuous infusion of 5-fluorouracil 250 mg/m2 daily. Primary endpoint was the probability of being disease-free at 1 year from surgery. Assuming P0=35% and P1=55%, α=.05 and β=.10, the study was to enroll 51 patients per arm. RESULTS: A total of 102 patients were randomized; 100 were eligible (arm A: 51; arm B: 49). Baseline characteristic (A/B) were: Median age was 61/60 years; 75% had KPS>80 75/76%; 36% grade 3 tumor 29/43%, 79% stage IIB/III 75/84%, 31% R1 resection 35/29%. Survival figures (A/B) were: Median disease-free survival was 11.7 and 15.2 months; 1-year disease-free survival 49.0% (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 35-63%) and 69.4% (95% CI 56-83%); median survival 24.8 and 28.9 months. Combination chemotherapy produced more hematological toxicity without relevant differences in nonhematological toxicities. CONCLUSIONS: The 4-drug regimen deserves further assessment in resectable pancreatic cancer.

3 Article Early variation of 18-fluorine-labelled fluorodeoxyglucose PET-derived parameters after chemoradiotherapy as predictors of survival in locally advanced pancreatic carcinoma patients. 2019

Incerti, Elena / Vanoli, Emilia G / Broggi, Sara / Gumina, Calogero / Passoni, Paolo / Slim, Najla / Fiorino, Claudio / Reni, Michele / Mapelli, Paola / Cattaneo, Mauro / Zanon, Silvia / Calandrino, Riccardo / Gianolli, Luigi / Di Muzio, Nadia / Picchio, Maria. ·Unit of Nuclear Medicine. · Unit of Medical Physics. · Unit of Radiotherapy. · Department of Oncology, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute. · Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan, Italy. ·Nucl Med Commun · Pubmed #31365502.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To investigate if early variation of PET-derived parameters after concomitant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) predicts overall survival (OS), local relapse free survival (LRFS), distant relapse free survival (DRFS) and progression free survival (PFS) in locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) patients. METHODS: Fifty-two LAPC patients (median age: 61 years; range: 35-85) with available FDG PET/CT before and after RT (2-6 months, median: 2) were enrolled from May 2005 to June 2015. The predictive value of the percentage variation of mean/maximum standard uptake value (ΔSUVmean/max), metabolic tumour volume (ΔMTV) and total lesion glycolysis (ΔTLG), estimated considering different uptake thresholds (40-50-60%), was investigated between pre- and post-RT PET. The percentage difference between gastrointestinal cancer-associated antigen (ΔGICA) levels measured at the time of PET was also considered. Log-rank test and Cox regression analysis were performed to assess the prognostic value of considered PET-derived parameters on survival outcomes. RESULTS: The median follow-up was 13 months (range: 4-130). At univariate analysis, ΔTLG50 showed borderline significance in predicting OS (P = 0.05) and was the most significant parameter correlated to LRFS and PFS (P = 0.001). Median LRFS was 4 and 33 months if ΔTLG50 was below or above 35% respectively (P = 0.0003); similarly, median PFS was 3 vs 6 months (P = 0.0009). No significant correlation was found between PET-derived parameters and DRFS, while the ΔGICA was the only borderline significant prognostic value for this endpoint (P = 0.05). CONCLUSION: PET-derived parameters predict survival in LAPC patients; in particular, ΔTLG50 is the strongest predictor. The combination of these biochemical and imaging biomarkers is promising in identifying patients at higher risk of earlier relapse.

4 Article Quantifying the robustness of [ 2018

Belli, Maria Luisa / Mori, Martina / Broggi, Sara / Cattaneo, Giovanni Mauro / Bettinardi, Valentino / Dell'Oca, Italo / Fallanca, Federico / Passoni, Paolo / Vanoli, Emilia Giovanna / Calandrino, Riccardo / Di Muzio, Nadia / Picchio, Maria / Fiorino, Claudio. ·Medical Physics, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milano, Italy. · Nuclear Medicine, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milano, Italy. · Radiotherapy, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milano, Italy. · Medical Physics, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milano, Italy. Electronic address: fiorino.claudio@hsr.it. ·Phys Med · Pubmed #29866335.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To investigate the robustness of PET radiomic features (RF) against tumour delineation uncertainty in two clinically relevant situations. METHODS: Twenty-five head-and-neck (HN) and 25 pancreatic cancer patients previously treated with RESULTS: A large disagreement between manual and SUV_max method was found for thresholds  ≥50%. Inter-observer variability showed median DICE values between 0.81 (HN-T) and 0.73 (pancreas). Volumes defined by PET_Edge were better consistent with the manual ones compared to SUV40%. Regarding RF, 19%/19%/47% of the features showed ICC < 0.80 between observers for HN-N/HN-T/pancreas, mostly in the Voxel-alignment matrix and in the intensity-size zone matrix families. RFs with ICC < 0.80 against manual delineation (taking the worst value) increased to 44%/36%/61% for PET_Edge and to 69%/53%/75% for SUV40%. CONCLUSIONS: About 80%/50% of 72 RF were consistent between observers for HN/pancreas patients. PET_edge was sufficiently robust against manual delineation while SUV40% showed a worse performance. This result suggests the possibility to replace manual with semi-automatic delineation of HN and pancreas tumours in studies including PET radiomic analyses.

5 Article Dosimetric and clinical predictors of toxicity following combined chemotherapy and moderately hypofractionated rotational radiotherapy of locally advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma. 2013

Cattaneo, Giovanni M / Passoni, Paolo / Longobardi, Barbara / Slim, Najla / Reni, Michele / Cereda, Stefano / di Muzio, Nadia / Calandrino, Riccardo. ·Medical Physics Department, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy. cattaneo.mauro@hsr.it ·Radiother Oncol · Pubmed #23726116.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hypofractionated radiotherapy (RT) of pancreatic adenocarcinoma is limited by the tolerance of adjacent normal tissues. A better understanding of the influence of dosimetric variables on the rate of toxicity after RT must be considered an important goal. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Sixty-one patients with histologically proven locally advanced disease (LAPD) were analyzed. The therapeutic strategy consisted of induction chemotherapy (ChT) followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT). In 39 out of 61 patients the target volume was based on a four-dimensional CT (4D-CT) procedure. Delivered dose was 44.25Gy in 15 fractions to PTV2, which consisted of pancreatic tumor and regional lymph nodes considered radiologically involved; 23 out of 61 patients received a simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) to a tumor sub-volume infiltrating the great abdominal vessels (PTV1) with dose in the range of 48-58Gy. RT was delivered with Helical Tomotherapy. Dose-volume histograms (DVHs) of target volumes and organs at risk (OARs) were collected for analysis. The predictive value of clinical/dosimetric parameters was tested by univariate/multivariate analyses. RESULTS: The crude incidence of acute gastrointestinal (GI) grade 2 toxicity was 33%. The 12-month actuarial rate of "anatomical" (gastro-duodenal mucosa damage) toxicity was 13% (95% CI: 4-22%). On univariate analysis, several stomach and duodenum DVH endpoints are predictive of toxicity after moderately hypofractionated radiotherapy. Multivariate analysis confirmed that baseline performance status and the stomach V20[%] were strong independent predictors of acute GI grade ⩾2 toxicity. The high-dose region of duodenum DVH (V45[%]; V40[%]) was strongly correlated with grade ⩾2 "anatomical" toxicity; the best V40[%] and V45[%] cut-off values were 16% and 2.6% respectively. CONCLUSION: Regarding dosimetric indices, stomach V20[%] correlates with a higher rate of acute toxicity; more severe acute and late anatomical toxicities are related to the high dose region of duodenum DVH.

6 Article Role of PET/CT in the clinical management of locally advanced pancreatic cancer. 2012

Picchio, Maria / Giovannini, Elisabetta / Passoni, Paolo / Busnardo, Elena / Landoni, Claudio / Giovacchini, Giampiero / Bettinardi, Valentino / Crivellaro, Cinzia / Gianolli, Luigi / Di Muzio, Nadia / Messa, Cristina. ·Nuclear Medicine, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Via Olgettina 60, Milan, Italy. picchio.maria@hsr.it ·Tumori · Pubmed #23235761.

ABSTRACT: AIM: To evaluate the role of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT in: a) the selection of patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer for helical tomotherapy with concurrent chemotherapy (HTT-ChT); b) monitoring HTT-ChT treatment efficacy in comparison with contrast-enhanced CT (c.e.CT). METHODS: Forty-two consecutive patients with unresectable locally advanced pancreatic cancer referred for HTT-ChT were enrolled in the study. All patients were pretreated with induction ChT. Before the beginning of HTT-ChT treatment patients underwent diagnostic c.e.CT (CT0) and FDG PET/CT (PET/CT0) for staging. After staging, patients received HTT-ChT. Three months after the end of HTT-ChT a control c.e.CT (CT1) was done. FDG PET/CT (PET/CT1) was repeated only in patients with positive PET/CT0. PET/CT1 and CT1 were compared with baseline imaging results to assess treatment efficacy. RESULTS: In 31/42 cases (74%) PET/CT0 documented pathological uptake in pancreatic lesions, while in the remaining 11/42 cases it showed no uptake. In 7/42 (17%) patients, PET/CT0 also detected distant metastases, prompting a change in the therapeutic approach. Compared to PET/CT0, PET/CT1 (n = 18) documented 3 complete metabolic responses, 9 partial metabolic responses, 2 instances of stable metabolic disease, and 4 instances of progressive metabolic disease. In the same group of 18 patients, CT1 showed 0 complete responses, 3 partial responses, 8 instances of stable disease, and 7 instances of progressive disease compared to CT0. Concordance between PET/CT and CT response was seen in 33% of cases. In 50% of cases, PET/CT1 documented a response to therapy that was not evident on CT. CONCLUSIONS: PET/CT influenced the treatment strategy by detecting distant metastases not documented by CT, thus accurately selecting patients for HTT-ChT after induction ChT. In monitoring treatment efficacy, PET/CT can detect a metabolic response to treatment not identified by CT.

7 Article Internal target volume defined by contrast-enhanced 4D-CT scan in unresectable pancreatic tumour: evaluation and reproducibility. 2010

Cattaneo, Giovanni Mauro / Passoni, Paolo / Sangalli, Giulia / Slim, Najla / Longobardi, Barbara / Mancosu, Pietro / Bettinardi, Valentino / Di Muzio, Nadia / Calandrino, Riccardo. ·Medical Physics Department, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milano, Italy. mauro.cattaneo@hsr.it ·Radiother Oncol · Pubmed #20826027.

ABSTRACT: We compared customized ITVs obtained with CE-4D-CT imaging (ITV(4D)) with a population-based (ITV(PBC)) in 29 patients (PTs) and evaluated the intra-observer ITV delineation reproducibility in 5 PTs with unresectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA). The ITV(PBC) was quite different from the ITV(4D), with under/over estimation of volume. Intra-observer volume delineation variability on CE-4D-CT and on a single-phase CE-CT were similar (27.6% vs 24.9%).