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Pancreatic Neoplasms: HELP
Articles by Tara Whyand
Based on 1 article published since 2010
(Why 1 article?)
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Between 2010 and 2020, Tara Whyand wrote the following article about Pancreatic Neoplasms.
 
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Review Nutrition and pancreatic cancer. 2014

Pericleous, Marinos / Rossi, Roberta Elisa / Mandair, Dalvinder / Whyand, Tara / Caplin, Martyn Evan. ·Department of Gastroenterology, Royal Free Hospital, Pond Street, London, NW3 2QG, U.K. m.caplin@ucl.ac.uk. ·Anticancer Res · Pubmed #24403441.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in men and women. Prognosis is poor with a 5-year survival rate of less than 5%. As there is no effective screening modality, the best way to reduce morbidity and mortality due to pancreatic cancer is by effective primary prevention. AIM: To evaluate the role of dietary components in pancreatic cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bibliographical searches were performed in PubMed using the terms "pancreatic cancer", together with "nutrition", "diet", "dietary factors", "lifestyle", "smoking", "alcohol" and "epidemiology". RESULTS: Fruits (particularly citrus) and vegetable consumption may be beneficial. The consumption of whole grains has been shown to reduce pancreatic cancer risk and fortification of whole grains with folate may confer further protection. Red meat, cooked at high temperatures, should be avoided, and replaced with poultry or fish. Total fat should be reduced. The use of curcumin and other flavonoids should be encouraged in the diet. There is no evidence for benefit from vitamin D supplementation. There may be benefit for dietary folate. Smoking and high Body Mass Index have both been inversely associated with pancreatic cancer risk. CONCLUSION: The lack of randomized trials and the presence of confounding factors including smoking status, physical activity, distance of habitat from the equator, obesity, and diabetes may often result in inconclusive results. There is evidence to encourage the use of whole grain in the staple diet and supplementation within the diet of folate, curcumin and other flavanoids. Carefully designed randomized trials are required to further elucidate these important matters.