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Pancreatic Neoplasms: HELP
Articles by Joel E. Tepper
Based on 4 articles published since 2009
(Why 4 articles?)

Between 2009 and 2019, Joel Tepper wrote the following 4 articles about Pancreatic Neoplasms.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Review Consensus report of the national cancer institute clinical trials planning meeting on pancreas cancer treatment. 2009

Philip, Philip A / Mooney, Margaret / Jaffe, Deborah / Eckhardt, Gail / Moore, Malcolm / Meropol, Neal / Emens, Leisha / O'Reilly, Eileen / Korc, Murray / Ellis, Lee / Benedetti, Jacqueline / Rothenberg, Mace / Willett, Christopher / Tempero, Margaret / Lowy, Andrew / Abbruzzese, James / Simeone, Diane / Hingorani, Sunil / Berlin, Jordan / Tepper, Joel. ·Karmanos Cancer Institute, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA. philipp@karmanos.org ·J Clin Oncol · Pubmed #19858397.

ABSTRACT: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer mortality, despite significant improvements in diagnostic imaging and operative mortality rates. The 5-year survival rate remains less than 5% because of microscopic or gross metastatic disease at time of diagnosis. The Clinical Trials Planning Meeting in pancreatic cancer was convened by the National Cancer Institute's Gastrointestinal Cancer Steering Committee to discuss the integration of basic and clinical knowledge in the design of clinical trials in PDAC. Major emphasis was placed on the enhancement of research to identify and validate the relevant targets and molecular pathways in PDAC, cancer stem cells, and the microenvironment. Emphasis was also placed on developing rational combinations of targeted agents and the development of predictive biomarkers to assist selection of patient subsets. The development of preclinical tumor models that are better predictive of human PDAC must be supported with wider availability to the research community. Phase III clinical trials should be implemented only if there is a meaningful clinical signal of efficacy and safety in the phase II setting. The emphasis must therefore be on performing well-designed phase II studies with uniform sets of basic entry and evaluation criteria with survival as a primary endpoint. Patients with either metastatic or locally advanced PDAC must be studied separately.

2 Clinical Trial A two-cohort phase I study of weekly oxaliplatin and gemcitabine, then oxaliplatin, gemcitabine, and erlotinib during radiotherapy for unresectable pancreatic carcinoma. 2013

Raftery, Laura / Tepper, Joel E / Goldberg, Richard M / Blackstock, A William / Aklilu, Mebea / Bernard, Stephen A / Ivanova, Anastasia / Davies, Janine M / O'Neil, Bert H. ·Division of Hematology and Oncology, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA. ·Am J Clin Oncol · Pubmed #22547007.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Gemcitabine is a potent radiosensitizer. When combined with standard radiotherapy (XRT) the gemcitabine dose must be reduced to about 10% of its conventional dose. Oxaliplatin and erlotinib also have radiosensitizing properties. Oxaliplatin and gemcitabine have demonstrated synergy in vitro. We aimed to determine the maximum tolerated dose of oxaliplatin and gemcitabine with concurrent XRT, then oxaliplatin, gemcitaibine, and erlotinib with XRT in the treatment of locally advanced and low-volume metastatic pancreatic or biliary cancer. METHODS: A modified 3+3 dose-escalation design was used for testing 4 dose levels of oxaliplatin and gemcitabine given once weekly for a maximum of 6 weeks with daily XRT in fractions of 1.8 Gy to a total dose of 50.4 Gy. Dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) was defined as any grade 4 toxicity or grade 3 toxicity resulting in a treatment delay of >1 week. In addition, dose reduction in 2 of the 3 patients in a given cohort was counted as a DLT in dose escalation-deescalation rule in the modified 3+3 design. RESULTS: Eighteen patients were enrolled, all with pancreatic cancer. Grade 4 transaminitis in a patient in cohort 3 resulted in cohort expansion. Cohort 4, the highest planned dose cohort, had no DLTs. The recommended phase II dose is oxaliplatin 50 mg/m(2)/wk with gemcitabine 200 mg/m(2)/wk and 50.4 Gy XRT. The most prevalent grade 3 toxicities were nausea (22%), elevated transaminases (17%), leucopenia (17%), and hyperglycemia (17%). Median progression-free survival was 7.1 months (95% confidence interval, 4.6-11.1 mo) and median overall survival was 10.8 months (95% confidence interval, 7.1-16.7 mo). The addition of erlotinib was poorly tolerated at the first planned dose level, but full study of the combination was hindered by early closure of the study. CONCLUSIONS: Weekly oxaliplatin 50 mg/m/wk combined with gemcitabine 200 mg/m/wk and XRT for pancreatic cancer has acceptable toxicity and interesting activity.

3 Clinical Trial A phase 2 trial of gemcitabine, 5-fluorouracil, and radiation therapy in locally advanced nonmetastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma : cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) 80003. 2011

Mamon, Harvey J / Niedzwiecki, Donna / Hollis, Donna / Tan, Benjamin R / Mayer, Robert J / Tepper, Joel E / Goldberg, Richard M / Blackstock, A William / Fuchs, Charles S / Anonymous7500697. ·Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts; Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA. hmamon@lroc.harvard.edu ·Cancer · Pubmed #21656739.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of 5-fluorouracil (5FU) and gemcitabine administered concurrently with radiation in patients with locally advanced, nonmetastatic pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Eligible patients had histologically confirmed pancreatic adenocarcinoma deemed locally unresectable without evidence of metastatic disease. In addition, all patients underwent laparoscopy or laparotomy before study entry to rule out peritoneal carcinomatosis. Patients received radiation therapy (50.4 Gy) with concurrent infusional 5FU (200 mg/m(2) 5 days/week) and weekly gemcitabine (200 mg/m(2) ). After a 3-week break, patients received weekly gemcitabine at 1000 mg/m(2) for 3 of 4 weeks, for 4 cycles. The primary endpoint of the trial was the proportion of patients surviving 9 months from study entry. Secondary endpoints included objective tumor response, CA19-9 response, overall survival (OS) time to progression (TTP), and toxicity. RESULTS: Between November 2001 and October 2004, 81 patients were enrolled, 78 of whom were eligible for analysis. With a median follow-up of 55.2 months, the median OS was 12.2 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 10.9-14.9) and the median TTP was 10 months (95% CI, 6.4-12.0). An objective tumor response was seen in 19 patients (25%), and among 56 patients with an elevated CA19-9 at baseline, 29 (52%) had a sustained CA19-9 response. Overall, 41% of patients had grade 3 or greater treatment-related gastrointestinal adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of 5FU, gemcitabine, and radiation is well tolerated. Survival is comparable with the best results of other recent studies of 5FU and radiation or gemcitabine and radiation.

4 Article Radiosensitization of epidermal growth factor receptor/HER2-positive pancreatic cancer is mediated by inhibition of Akt independent of ras mutational status. 2010

Kimple, Randall J / Vaseva, Angelina V / Cox, Adrienne D / Baerman, Kathryn M / Calvo, Benjamin F / Tepper, Joel E / Shields, Janiel M / Sartor, Carolyn I. ·Department of Radiation Oncology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. rkimple@unch.unc.edu ·Clin Cancer Res · Pubmed #20103665.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family members (e.g., EGFR, HER2, HER3, and HER4) are commonly overexpressed in pancreatic cancer. We investigated the effects of inhibition of EGFR/HER2 signaling on pancreatic cancer to elucidate the role(s) of EGFR/HER2 in radiosensitization and to provide evidence in support of further clinical investigations. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Expression of EGFR family members in pancreatic cancer lines was assessed by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR. Cell growth inhibition was determined by MTS assay. The effects of inhibition of EGFR family receptors and downstream signaling pathways on in vitro radiosensitivity were evaluated using clonogenic assays. Growth delay was used to evaluate the effects of nelfinavir on in vivo tumor radiosensitivity. RESULTS: Lapatinib inhibited cell growth in four pancreatic cancer cell lines, but radiosensitized only wild-type K-ras-expressing T3M4 cells. Akt activation was blocked in a wild-type K-ras cell line, whereas constitutive phosphorylation of Akt and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) was seen in lines expressing mutant K-ras. Overexpression of constitutively active K-ras (G12V) abrogated lapatinib-mediated inhibition of both Akt phosphorylation and radiosensitization. Inhibition of MAP/ERK kinase/ERK signaling with U0126 had no effect on radiosensitization, whereas inhibition of activated Akt with LY294002 (enhancement ratio, 1.2-1.8) or nelfinavir (enhancement ratio, 1.2-1.4) radiosensitized cells regardless of K-ras mutation status. Oral nelfinavir administration to mice bearing mutant K-ras-containing Capan-2 xenografts resulted in a greater than additive increase in radiation-mediated tumor growth delay (synergy assessment ratio of 1.5). CONCLUSIONS: Inhibition of EGFR/HER2 enhances radiosensitivity in wild-type K-ras pancreatic cancer. Nelfinavir, and other phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt inhibitors, are effective pancreatic radiosensitizers regardless of K-ras mutation status.