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Pancreatic Neoplasms: HELP
Articles by Renato Talamini
Based on 22 articles published since 2010
(Why 22 articles?)
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Between 2010 and 2020, R. Talamini wrote the following 22 articles about Pancreatic Neoplasms.
 
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Article Risk Factors for Early-Onset and Very-Early-Onset Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: A Pancreatic Cancer Case-Control Consortium (PanC4) Analysis. 2016

McWilliams, Robert R / Maisonneuve, Patrick / Bamlet, William R / Petersen, Gloria M / Li, Donghui / Risch, Harvey A / Yu, Herbert / Fontham, Elizabeth T H / Luckett, Brian / Bosetti, Cristina / Negri, Eva / La Vecchia, Carlo / Talamini, Renato / Bueno de Mesquita, H Bas / Bracci, Paige / Gallinger, Steven / Neale, Rachel E / Lowenfels, Albert B. ·From the *Department of Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN; †Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, European Institute of Oncology, Milan, Italy; ‡Division of Biostatistics, Mayo Clinic; §Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN; ∥Department of Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology, UT MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX; ¶Department of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, CT; #Cancer Epidemiology Program, University of Hawaii Cancer Center, Honolulu, HI; **Louisiana State University School of Public Health, New Orleans, LA; ††Tulane School of Public Health, New Orleans, LA; ‡‡Department of Epidemiology, IRCCS-Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche "Mario Negri," and §§Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy; ∥∥S.O.C. Epidemiologia e Biostatistica, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico, IRCCS, Aviano (PN), Italy; ¶¶National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands; Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Medical Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands; School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom; ##Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA; ***Division of General Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; †††Cancer and Population Studies Group, QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, Australia; and ‡‡‡Department of Surgery, Department of Family Medicine, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY. ·Pancreas · Pubmed #26646264.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: While pancreatic cancer (PC) most often affects older adults, to date, there has been no comprehensive assessment of risk factors among PC patients younger than 60 years. METHODS: We defined early-onset PC (EOPC) and very-early-onset PC (VEOPC) as diagnosis of PC in patients younger than 60 and 45 years, respectively. We pooled data from 8 case-control studies, including 1954 patients with EOPC and 3278 age- and sex-matched control subjects. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify associations with EOPC and VEOPC. RESULTS: Family history of PC, diabetes mellitus, smoking, obesity, and pancreatitis were associated with EOPC. Alcohol use equal to or greater than 26 g daily also was associated with increased risk of EOPC (odds ratio, 1.49; 95% confidence interval, 1.21-1.84), and there appeared to be a dose- and age-dependent effect of alcohol on risk. The point estimate for risk of VEOPC was an odds ratio of 2.18 (95% confidence interval, 1.17-4.09). CONCLUSIONS: The established risk factors for PC, including smoking, diabetes, family history of PC, and obesity, also apply to EOPC. Alcohol intake appeared to have an age-dependent effect; the strongest association was with VEOPC.

2 Article Patterns of radiotherapy practice for pancreatic cancer: Results of the Gastrointestinal Radiation Oncology Study Group multi-institutional survey. 2015

Macchia, Gabriella / Sainato, Aldo / Talamini, Renato / Boz, Giovanni / Bacigalupo, Almalina / Caravatta, Luciana / Fiore, Michele / Friso, Maria Luisa / Fusco, Vincenzo / Lupattelli, Marco / Mantello, Giovanna / Mattiucci, Gian Carlo / Slim, Najla / Sciacero, Piera / Turri, Lucia / Valentini, Vincenzo / Morganti, Alessio Giuseppe / Genovesi, Domenico. ·Radiation Oncology Unit, Research and Care Foundation 'Giovanni Paolo II', Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Campobasso, Italy. · Radiation Oncology Unit, University Hospital, Pisa, Italy. · Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, Oncological Referral Center, Aviano, Italy. · Radiation Oncology Department, Oncological Referral Center, Aviano, Italy. · Radiation Oncology Unit, AOU IRCCS San Martino, IST National Cancer Research Institute, Genoa, Italy. · Radiation Oncology Department, 'A. Businco' Regional Oncological Hospital, Cagliari, Italy. · Radiation Oncology Unit, Campus Bio-Medico University Hospital, Rome, Italy. · Radiotherapy and Nuclear Medicine Unit, Veneto Institute of Oncology-IRCCS, Padua, Italy. · Radiation Oncology Unit, IRCCS CROB, Rionero in Vulture, Potenza, Italy. · Radiation Oncology Unit, 'S. Maria della Misericordia' Hospital, Perugia, Italy. · Radiation Oncology Unit, State Hospital, Ancona, Italy. · Radiation Oncology Department, 'A. Gemelli' Hospital, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy. · Radiation Oncology Unit, 'San Raffaele' Hospital, Milan, Italy. · Radiation Oncology Unit, ASL TO4, General Hospital, Ivrea, Italy. · Radiation Oncology Unit, 'Maggiore della Carità' Hospital, Novara, Italy. · Radiation Oncology Unit, 'SS Annunziata' Hospital, 'G. D'Annunzio' University, Chieti, Italy. ·Oncol Rep · Pubmed #25955190.

ABSTRACT: No information is currently available regarding pancreatic cancer (PC) pattern of care in Italy. In the present study, a nationwide survey using a questionnaire was performed to enquire the local standards for PC diagnosis and radiotherapy treatment. Fifty-seven percent of 140 Italian centres completed questionnaire. The main causes of no radiotherapy indication were poor general condition (45%) and lack of guidelines (25%). Physicians (38%) employed neoadjuvant therapy in locally advanced PC patients, while in other centres (62%) adjuvant chemoradiation was administered. Adjuvant gemcitabine-based chemotherapy was selected as the treatment of choice by 59% of centres. Patients were treated mostly with doses of 50-54.9 Gy on the tumour (or bed) plus lymph nodes. A 3D-CRT technique was used in 81.2% of centres, while IMRT and IGRT were available in 61.2 and 48.7% of cases, respectively. Extensive variation exists with regard to patterns of care for PC in Italy. Nevertheless, cooperative studies emerging from this survey appeared beneficial.

3 Article Smoking and body mass index and survival in pancreatic cancer patients. 2014

Pelucchi, Claudio / Galeone, Carlotta / Polesel, Jerry / Manzari, Marco / Zucchetto, Antonella / Talamini, Renato / Franceschi, Silvia / Negri, Eva / La Vecchia, Carlo. ·From the *Dipartimento di Epidemiologia, IRCCS-Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri; †Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche e di Comunità, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan; ‡S.O.C. di Epidemiologia e Biostatistica, IRCCS-Centro di Riferimento Oncologico, Aviano (PN); §Dipartimento di Traumatologia, Ortopedia e Medicina del Lavoro, Università degli Studi di Torino, Turin, Italy; and ∥International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France. ·Pancreas · Pubmed #24177141.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to provide further information on the role of personal characteristics and lifestyle factors, including obesity, diabetes, and tobacco smoking, on survival from pancreatic cancer. METHODS: We obtained follow-up data of pancreatic cancer patients enrolled in 2 Italian case-control studies. Information on characteristics and habits up to the time of diagnosis was collected by trained interviewers. Vital status was ascertained through population registers and record linkage with health system databases. Hazard ratios (HRs) of all-cause mortality and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: Follow-up information was retrieved for 648 cancer patients. Compared with subjects with body mass index of less than 25 kg/m, the HRs were 1.14 (95% CI, 0.94-1.39) for overweight (ie, 25-29.9 kg/m) and 1.32 (95% CI, 0.98-1.79) for obese (ie, ≥30 kg/m) patients (trend P = 0.046). The HRs were 1.37 (95% CI, 1.14-1.65) for ever, 1.30 (95% CI, 1.03-1.65) for ex-smokers, and 1.42 (95% CI, 1.16-1.73) for current versus never smokers. Increasing amount and duration of smoking were associated with reduced survival after pancreatic cancer. No association emerged with diabetes, alcohol consumption, and diet. CONCLUSIONS: Smoking and overweight before diagnosis may play a role in the prognosis of pancreatic cancer, besides its etiology.

4 Article Ulcer, gastric surgery and pancreatic cancer risk: an analysis from the International Pancreatic Cancer Case-Control Consortium (PanC4). 2013

Bosetti, C / Lucenteforte, E / Bracci, P M / Negri, E / Neale, R E / Risch, H A / Olson, S H / Gallinger, S / Miller, A B / Bueno-de-Mesquita, H B / Talamini, R / Polesel, J / Ghadirian, P / Baghurst, P A / Zatonski, W / Fontham, E / Holly, E A / Gao, Y T / Yu, H / Kurtz, R C / Cotterchio, M / Maisonneuve, P / Zeegers, M P / Duell, E J / Boffetta, P / La Vecchia, C. ·Department of Epidemiology, IRCCS, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche 'Mario Negri', Milan. ·Ann Oncol · Pubmed #23970016.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Peptic ulcer and its treatments have been associated to pancreatic cancer risk, although the evidence is inconsistent. METHODS: We pooled 10 case-control studies within the Pancreatic Cancer Case-control Consortium (PanC4), including 4717 pancreatic cancer cases and 9374 controls, and estimated summary odds ratios (OR) using multivariable logistic regression models. RESULTS: The OR for pancreatic cancer was 1.10 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.98-1.23] for history of ulcer (OR = 1.08 for gastric and 0.97 for duodenal ulcer). The association was stronger for a diagnosis within 2 years before cancer diagnosis (OR = 2.43 for peptic, 1.75 for gastric, and 1.98 for duodenal ulcer). The OR was 1.53 (95% CI 1.15-2.03) for history of gastrectomy; however, the excess risk was limited to a gastrectomy within 2 years before cancer diagnosis (OR = 6.18, 95% CI 1.82-20.96), while no significant increased risk was observed for longer time since gastrectomy. No associations were observed for pharmacological treatments for ulcer, such as antacids, H2-receptor antagonists, or proton-pump inhibitors. CONCLUSIONS: This uniquely large collaborative study does not support the hypothesis that peptic ulcer and its treatment materially affect pancreatic cancer risk. The increased risk for short-term history of ulcer and gastrectomy suggests that any such association is due to increased cancer surveillance.

5 Article The role of Mediterranean diet on the risk of pancreatic cancer. 2013

Bosetti, C / Turati, F / Dal Pont, A / Ferraroni, M / Polesel, J / Negri, E / Serraino, D / Talamini, R / La Vecchia, C / Zeegers, M P. ·Department of Epidemiology, IRCCS-Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Milan, Italy. cristina.bosetti@marionegri.it ·Br J Cancer · Pubmed #23928660.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The Mediterranean diet has been shown to have a beneficial role on various neoplasms, but data are scanty on pancreatic cancer. METHODS: We analysed data from two case-control studies conducted in Italy between 1983 and 2008, including 362 and 326 pancreatic cancer cases and 1552 and 652 hospital-controls, respectively. A Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS) summarising major characteristics of the Mediterranean diet was used in the two studies separately and overall. Two further scores of adherence to the Mediterranean diet were applied in the second study only, the Mediterranean Dietary Pattern Adherence Index (MDP) and the Mediterranean Adequacy Index (MAI). RESULTS: Odds ratios (ORs) for increasing levels of the scores (i.e., increasing adherence) were estimated using multiple logistic regression models. Odds ratio for a MDS score ≥6 compared with <3 was 0.57 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.34-0.95) in the first study, 0.51 (95% CI 0.29-0.92) in the second study, and 0.48 (95% CI 0.35-0.67) overall. A trend of decreasing risk was observed also for the MDP and MAI the ORs for the highest vs the lowest quintile being 0.44 (95% CI 0.27-0.73) for MDP and 0.68 (95% CI 0.42-1.11) for the MAI. The results were consistent across strata of age, sex, education, body mass index, alcohol drinking, tobacco smoking, and diabetes. CONCLUSION: Our study provides evidence that a priori-defined scores measuring adherence to the Mediterranean diet are favourably associated with pancreatic cancer risk.

6 Article Allergies and risk of pancreatic cancer: a pooled analysis from the Pancreatic Cancer Case-Control Consortium. 2013

Olson, Sara H / Hsu, Meier / Satagopan, Jaya M / Maisonneuve, Patrick / Silverman, Debra T / Lucenteforte, Ersilia / Anderson, Kristin E / Borgida, Ayelet / Bracci, Paige M / Bueno-de-Mesquita, H Bas / Cotterchio, Michelle / Dai, Qi / Duell, Eric J / Fontham, Elizabeth H / Gallinger, Steven / Holly, Elizabeth A / Ji, Bu-Tian / Kurtz, Robert C / La Vecchia, Carlo / Lowenfels, Albert B / Luckett, Brian / Ludwig, Emmy / Petersen, Gloria M / Polesel, Jerry / Seminara, Daniela / Strayer, Lori / Talamini, Renato / Anonymous6300762. ·Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 307 East 63rd Street, New York, NY 10065, USA. olsons@mskcc.org ·Am J Epidemiol · Pubmed #23820785.

ABSTRACT: In order to quantify the risk of pancreatic cancer associated with history of any allergy and specific allergies, to investigate differences in the association with risk according to age, gender, smoking status, or body mass index, and to study the influence of age at onset, we pooled data from 10 case-control studies. In total, there were 3,567 cases and 9,145 controls. Study-specific odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated by using unconditional logistic regression adjusted for age, gender, smoking status, and body mass index. Between-study heterogeneity was assessed by using the Cochran Q statistic. Study-specific odds ratios were pooled by using a random-effects model. The odds ratio for any allergy was 0.79 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.62, 1.00) with heterogeneity among studies (P < 0.001). Heterogeneity was attributable to one study; with that study excluded, the pooled odds ratio was 0.73 (95% CI: 0.64, 0.84) (Pheterogeneity = 0.23). Hay fever (odds ratio = 0.74, 95% CI: 0.56, 0.96) and allergy to animals (odds ratio = 0.62, 95% CI: 0.41, 0.94) were related to lower risk, while there was no statistically significant association with other allergies or asthma. There were no major differences among subgroups defined by age, gender, smoking status, or body mass index. Older age at onset of allergies was slightly more protective than earlier age.

7 Article Nutrient-based dietary patterns and pancreatic cancer risk. 2013

Bosetti, Cristina / Bravi, Francesca / Turati, Federica / Edefonti, Valeria / Polesel, Jerry / Decarli, Adriano / Negri, Eva / Talamini, Renato / Franceschi, Silvia / La Vecchia, Carlo / Zeegers, Maurice P. ·Dipartimento di Epidemiologia, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri Milan, Italy. cristina.bosetti@marionegri.it ·Ann Epidemiol · Pubmed #23332711.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Few data are available on the role of combinations of foods and/or nutrients on pancreatic cancer risk. To add further information on dietary patterns potentially associated to pancreatic cancer, we applied an exploratory principal component factor analysis on 28 major nutrients derived from an Italian case-control study. METHODS: Cases were 326 incident pancreatic cancer cases and controls 652 frequency-matched controls admitted to hospital for non-neoplastic diseases. Dietary information was collected through a validated and reproducible food frequency questionnaire. Multiple logistic regression models adjusted for sociodemographic variables and major recognized risk factors for pancreatic cancer were used to estimate the odds ratios (OR) of pancreatic cancer for each dietary pattern. RESULTS: We identified four dietary patterns-named "animal products," "unsaturated fats," "vitamins and fiber," and "starch rich," that explain 75% of the total variance in nutrient intake in this population. After allowing for all the four patterns, positive associations were found for the animal products and the starch rich patterns, the OR for the highest versus the lowest quartiles being 2.03 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.29-3.19) and 1.69 (95% CI, 1.02-2.79), respectively; an inverse association emerged for the vitamins and fiber pattern (OR, 0.55; 95% CI, 0.35-0.86), whereas no association was observed for the unsaturated fats pattern (OR, 1.13; 95% CI, 0.71-1.78). CONCLUSIONS: A diet characterized by a high consumption of meat and other animal products, as well as of (refined) cereals and sugars, is positively associated with pancreatic cancer risk, whereas a diet rich in fruit and vegetables is inversely associated.

8 Article Pancreatic cancer in HIV-positive patients: a clinical case-control study. 2012

Zanet, Ernesto / Berretta, Massimiliano / Benedetto, Fabrizio Di / Talamini, Renato / Ballarin, Roberto / Nunnari, Giuseppe / Berretta, Salvatore / Ridolfo, Annalisa / Lleshi, Arben / Zanghì, Antonio / Cappellani, Alessandro / Tirelli, Umberto. ·Department of Medical Oncology, National Cancer Institute, Aviano, Italy. 00bernius00@virgilio.it ·Pancreas · Pubmed #22695133.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Pancreatic cancer (PC) is the fourth and fifth most common cause of cancer-related death among men in United States and in Europe, respectively. No data are available for HIV-positive patients. The aim of this study was to investigate and to compare clinical presentation and outcome between HIV-positive and HIV-negative PC patients. METHODS: From April 1988 to June 2010, the Italian Cooperative Group on AIDS and Tumors identified 16 cases of HIV-positive PC patients. Each HIV-positive patient from our institution was randomly matched (ratio 1:2) with HIV-negative patients (32 controls) based on sex and year of PC diagnosis. Differences in clinical presentation, treatment, and overall survival were assessed. RESULTS: At multivariate analysis, HIV-positive patients compared with HIV-negative patients had a higher risk of an unfavorable performance status (PS ≥ 2) and a younger age (<50 years) at cancer diagnosis. At multivariate analysis, HIV-positive status and PS of 2 or greater were the only 2 features that significantly reduced PC patients' survival. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show, for the first time, that HIV-positive PC patients, compared with HIV-negative patients, are younger at cancer diagnosis. Furthermore, they share a more unfavorable PS and a shorter survival.

9 Article Cigarette smoking and pancreatic cancer: an analysis from the International Pancreatic Cancer Case-Control Consortium (Panc4). 2012

Bosetti, C / Lucenteforte, E / Silverman, D T / Petersen, G / Bracci, P M / Ji, B T / Negri, E / Li, D / Risch, H A / Olson, S H / Gallinger, S / Miller, A B / Bueno-de-Mesquita, H B / Talamini, R / Polesel, J / Ghadirian, P / Baghurst, P A / Zatonski, W / Fontham, E / Bamlet, W R / Holly, E A / Bertuccio, P / Gao, Y T / Hassan, M / Yu, H / Kurtz, R C / Cotterchio, M / Su, J / Maisonneuve, P / Duell, E J / Boffetta, P / La Vecchia, C. ·Department of Epidemiology, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Milan, Italy. cristina.bosetti@marionegri.it ·Ann Oncol · Pubmed #22104574.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: To evaluate the dose-response relationship between cigarette smoking and pancreatic cancer and to examine the effects of temporal variables. METHODS: We analyzed data from 12 case-control studies within the International Pancreatic Cancer Case-Control Consortium (PanC4), including 6507 pancreatic cases and 12 890 controls. We estimated summary odds ratios (ORs) by pooling study-specific ORs using random-effects models. RESULTS: Compared with never smokers, the OR was 1.2 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.0-1.3) for former smokers and 2.2 (95% CI 1.7-2.8) for current cigarette smokers, with a significant increasing trend in risk with increasing number of cigarettes among current smokers (OR=3.4 for ≥35 cigarettes per day, P for trend<0.0001). Risk increased in relation to duration of cigarette smoking up to 40 years of smoking (OR=2.4). No trend in risk was observed for age at starting cigarette smoking, whereas risk decreased with increasing time since cigarette cessation, the OR being 0.98 after 20 years. CONCLUSIONS: This uniquely large pooled analysis confirms that current cigarette smoking is associated with a twofold increased risk of pancreatic cancer and that the risk increases with the number of cigarettes smoked and duration of smoking. Risk of pancreatic cancer reaches the level of never smokers ∼20 years after quitting.

10 Article Alcohol consumption and pancreatic cancer: a pooled analysis in the International Pancreatic Cancer Case-Control Consortium (PanC4). 2012

Lucenteforte, E / La Vecchia, C / Silverman, D / Petersen, G M / Bracci, P M / Ji, B T / Bosetti, C / Li, D / Gallinger, S / Miller, A B / Bueno-de-Mesquita, H B / Talamini, R / Polesel, J / Ghadirian, P / Baghurst, P A / Zatonski, W / Fontham, E / Bamlet, W R / Holly, E A / Gao, Y T / Negri, E / Hassan, M / Cotterchio, M / Su, J / Maisonneuve, P / Boffetta, P / Duell, E J. ·Department of Epidemiology, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri Milan, Milan, Italy. ·Ann Oncol · Pubmed #21536662.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Heavy alcohol drinking has been related to pancreatic cancer, but the issue is still unsolved. METHODS: To evaluate the role of alcohol consumption in relation to pancreatic cancer, we conducted a pooled analysis of 10 case-control studies (5585 cases and 11,827 controls) participating in the International Pancreatic Cancer Case-Control Consortium. We computed pooled odds ratios (ORs) by estimating study-specific ORs adjusted for selected covariates and pooling them using random effects models. RESULTS: Compared with abstainers and occasional drinkers (< 1 drink per day), we observed no association for light-to-moderate alcohol consumption (≤ 4 drinks per day) and pancreatic cancer risk; however, associations were above unity for higher consumption levels (OR = 1.6, 95% confidence interval 1.2-2.2 for subjects drinking ≥ 9 drinks per day). Results did not change substantially when we evaluated associations by tobacco smoking status, or when we excluded participants who reported a history of pancreatitis, or participants whose data were based upon proxy responses. Further, no notable differences in pooled risk estimates emerged across strata of sex, age, race, study type, and study area. CONCLUSION: This collaborative-pooled analysis provides additional evidence for a positive association between heavy alcohol consumption and the risk of pancreatic cancer.

11 Article Fiber intake and pancreatic cancer risk: a case-control study. 2012

Bidoli, E / Pelucchi, C / Zucchetto, A / Negri, E / Dal Maso, L / Polesel, J / Boz, G / Montella, M / Franceschi, S / Serraino, D / La Vecchia, C / Talamini, R. ·Unit of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico, Aviano, Italy. epidemiology@cro.it ·Ann Oncol · Pubmed #21460379.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Scanty and inconsistent studies are available on the relation between dietary fiber intake and pancreatic cancer. A case-control study was carried out in northern Italy to further investigate the role of various types of dietary fibers in the etiology of pancreatic cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cases were 326 patients with incident pancreatic cancer, excluding neuroendocrine tumors, admitted to major teaching and general hospitals during 1991-2008. Controls were 652 patients admitted for acute, nonneoplastic conditions to the same hospital network of cases. Information was elicited using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Odds ratios (ORs) and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated for intake quintiles of different types of fiber after allowance for total energy intake and other potential confounding factors. RESULTS: Total fiber intake was inversely related to risk of pancreatic cancer (OR=0.4 for highest versus lowest quintile of intake; 95% CI 0.2-0.7). An inverse association emerged between pancreatic cancer and both soluble (OR=0.4; 95% CI 0.2-0.7) and total insoluble fiber (OR=0.5; 95% CI 0.3-0.8), particularly cellulose (OR=0.4; 95% CI 0.3-0.7) and lignin (OR=0.5; 95% CI 0.3-0.9). Fruit fiber intake was inversely associated with pancreatic cancer (OR=0.5; 95% CI 0.3-0.8), whereas grain fiber was not (OR=1.2; 95% CI 0.7-2.0). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that selected types of fiber and total fiber are inversely related to pancreatic cancer.

12 Article Metabolic syndrome and pancreatic cancer risk: a case-control study in Italy and meta-analysis. 2011

Rosato, Valentina / Tavani, Alessandra / Bosetti, Cristina / Pelucchi, Claudio / Talamini, Renato / Polesel, Jerry / Serraino, Diego / Negri, Eva / La Vecchia, Carlo. ·Department of Epidemiology, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Milan, Italy. ·Metabolism · Pubmed #21550085.

ABSTRACT: We assessed the relation between metabolic syndrome (MetS), its components, and pancreatic cancer risk in an Italian case-control study and performed a meta-analysis of epidemiological studies published up to February 2011. The case-control study included 326 patients with incident pancreatic cancer and 652 controls admitted to the same hospitals for acute, non-neoplastic conditions. MetS was defined as having at least 3 conditions among diabetes, drug-treated hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and body mass index at least 25 kg/m(2) at age 30 years. We computed multivariate odds ratios (ORs) and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) from logistic regression models adjusted for tobacco smoking, education, and other sociodemographic variables. For the meta-analysis, we calculated summary relative risks (RRs) using random-effects models. The OR of pancreatic cancer in the case-control study was 2.36 (95% CI, 1.43-3.90) for diabetes, 0.77 (95% CI, 0.55-1.08) for hypertension, 1.38 (95% CI, 0.94-2.01) for hypercholesterolemia, and 1.27 (95% CI, 0.91-1.78) for being overweight at age 30 years. The risk was significantly increased for subjects with 3 or more MetS components (OR = 2.13, 95% CI 1.01-4.49) compared with subjects with no component, the estimates being consistent among strata of sex, age, and alcohol consumption. The meta-analysis included 3 cohort studies and our case-control study, and found a summary RR of 1.55 (95% CI, 1.19-2.01) for subjects with MetS. Metabolic syndrome is related to pancreatic cancer risk. Diabetes is the key component related to risk.

13 Article Coffee, decaffeinated coffee, tea, and pancreatic cancer risk: a pooled-analysis of two Italian case-control studies. 2011

Turati, Federica / Galeone, Carlotta / Talamini, Renato / Franceschi, Silvia / Manzari, Marco / Gallino, Gianfrancesco / Polesel, Jerry / La Vecchia, Carlo / Tavani, Alessandra. ·Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Dipartimento di Medicina del Lavoro, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy. ·Eur J Cancer Prev · Pubmed #21403521.

ABSTRACT: To evaluate the association between coffee, decaffeinated coffee, and tea consumption and pancreatic cancer risk in a pooled analysis of two Italian case-control studies, between 1983 and 2008, we conducted two case-control studies in Northern Italy, including a total of 688 pancreatic cancer cases and 2204 hospital controls with acute, non-neoplastic diseases. We computed multivariate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for coffee drinking (mostly espresso and mocha), adjusting for age, sex, center, year of interview, education, body mass index, tobacco smoking, alcohol drinking, and diabetes. Compared with coffee nondrinkers, the multivariate OR for coffee drinkers was 1.34 (95% CI: 1.01-1.77). However, there was no trend in risk with respect to dose and duration. The OR for an increment of one cup per day was 1.05 (95% CI: 0.98-1.11). There was no heterogeneity in strata of age, sex, and other covariates, including tobacco smoking. No association emerged for decaffeinated coffee (for drinkers the OR was 0.87, 95% CI: 0.60-1.26, compared with decaffeinated coffee nondrinkers) or tea (for tea drinkers the OR was 0.92, 95% CI: 0.75-1.14). The lack of relationship with dose and duration weighs against a causal association between coffee and pancreatic cancer, which is in agreement with most evidence on the issue.

14 Article Reproductive and hormonal factors and pancreatic cancer risk in women. 2011

Lucenteforte, Ersilia / Zucchetto, Antonella / Bosetti, Cristina / Talamini, Renato / Negri, Eva / Serraino, Diego / Franceschi, Silvia / Lipworth, Loren / La Vecchia, Carlo. ·Dipartimento di Epidemiologia, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Milan, Italy. ersilia.lucenteforte@marionegri.it ·Pancreas · Pubmed #21343831.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of menstrual, reproductive, and hormonal factors, as well as benign female conditions, on pancreatic cancer risk. METHODS: We analyzed the combined data from 2 Italian case-control studies including 285 female case patients of pancreatic cancer and 713 female controls. All subjects were interviewed by trained interviewers during their hospital stay using similar structured questionnaires. Odds ratios (ORs) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using multiple logistic regression models adjusted for selected covariates. RESULTS: Compared to nulliparae, the OR was 0.76 (95% CI, 0.51-1.12) for parous women and 0.46 (95% CI, 0.26-0.85) for women with 4 or more births, in the absence, however, of a significant trend with increasing number of births. Pancreatic cancer risk was also nonsignificantly reduced among women with age at first birth lower than 25 years (OR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.42-1.01). Other factors, including age at menarche and menopause, menopausal status, type of menopause, history of spontaneous and induced abortions, use of oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy, and history of most female benign conditions were not related to pancreatic cancer risk. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides little support for the hypothesis that menstrual, reproductive, or hormonal factors are related to the development of pancreatic cancer.

15 Article Diabetes mellitus, other medical conditions and pancreatic cancer: a case-control study. 2011

Lipworth, Loren / Zucchetto, Antonella / Bosetti, Cristina / Franceschi, Silvia / Talamini, Renato / Serraino, Diego / McLaughlin, Joseph K / La Vecchia, Carlo / Negri, Eva. ·International Epidemiology Institute, Rockville, MD, USA. ·Diabetes Metab Res Rev · Pubmed #21309046.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Diabetes and other medical conditions have been related to pancreatic cancer, but time risk quantification is unsettled. METHODS: We combined data from two case-control studies conducted in Italy, including 688 pancreatic cancer cases and 2204 controls. All subjects were interviewed by trained interviewers during their hospital stay. Odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using multiple logistic regression. RESULTS: Overall, 103 cases (15%) and 125 controls (5.7%) reported a history of diabetes. The OR for pancreatic cancer was more pronounced among those diagnosed with diabetes in the previous 2 years (OR = 5.17; 95% CI = 2.71-9.87) than among those with diabetes diagnosed more than 2 years ago (OR = 2.35; 95% CI = 1.70-3.26). The ORs remained significantly elevated 2-4 years (OR = 3.81; 95% CI = 2.07-7.04) and 5-9 years (OR = 3.75; 95% CI = 2.13-6.59) since diagnosis of diabetes, after which a non-significant 20% increased risk for pancreatic cancer was observed. As compared to non-diabetic non-smokers, the OR was 1.85 among non-diabetic current smokers, 2.17 among diabetic never/former smokers, and rose to 4.67 among diabetic current smokers, indicating a multiplicative effect between these two risk factors. Pancreatic cancer was significantly associated with pancreatitis, primarily among those diagnosed within 2 years (OR = 7.16; 95% CI = 2.25-22.78). In addition, the ORs were elevated for cholelithiasis (3.53; 95% CI = 1.67-7.45) and gastroduodenal ulcer (3.16; 95% CI = 1.14-8.73) only among those diagnosed within the past 2 years. CONCLUSIONS: Diabetes is associated with heightened risk of pancreatic cancer. The association is significant for diabetes diagnosed up to 10 years before pancreatic cancer.

16 Article Dietary acrylamide and pancreatic cancer risk in an Italian case--control study. 2011

Pelucchi, C / Galeone, C / Talamini, R / Negri, E / Polesel, J / Serraino, D / La Vecchia, C. ·Department of Epidemiology, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Milan, Italy. claudio.pelucchi@marionegri.it ·Ann Oncol · Pubmed #21285136.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Information on the relation between acrylamide exposure and risk of pancreatic cancer is scanty and inconsistent. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We investigated the issue in a case-control study conducted from 1991 to 2008 in Northern Italy. Cases were 326 patients with incident pancreatic cancer, admitted to major teaching and general hospitals. Controls were 652 subjects admitted to the same hospitals with acute non-neoplastic conditions. Acrylamide mean content of various food items was derived from international databases and Italian sources. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of pancreatic cancer were derived using conditional logistic regression adjusted for several covariates, including energy intake. RESULTS: The ORs of pancreatic cancer for subsequent quintiles of acrylamide intake, as compared with the lowest one, were 1.48 (95% CI 0.88-2.50), 1.57 (95% CI 0.91-2.69), 1.70 (95% CI 0.98-2.96) and 1.49 (95% CI 0.83-2.70), with no trend in risk (P value 0.21). The OR for an increase in acrylamide intake of 10 μg/day was 1.01 (95% CI 0.92-1.10). No meaningful difference between ORs was found in strata of smoking habit, alcohol drinking, body mass index and other selected covariates. CONCLUSION: This study found no association between dietary acrylamide and pancreatic cancer in an Italian population.

17 Article Cigar and pipe smoking, smokeless tobacco use and pancreatic cancer: an analysis from the International Pancreatic Cancer Case-Control Consortium (PanC4). 2011

Bertuccio, P / La Vecchia, C / Silverman, D T / Petersen, G M / Bracci, P M / Negri, E / Li, D / Risch, H A / Olson, S H / Gallinger, S / Miller, A B / Bueno-de-Mesquita, H B / Talamini, R / Polesel, J / Ghadirian, P / Baghurst, P A / Zatonski, W / Fontham, E T / Bamlet, W R / Holly, E A / Lucenteforte, E / Hassan, M / Yu, H / Kurtz, R C / Cotterchio, M / Su, J / Maisonneuve, P / Duell, E J / Bosetti, C / Boffetta, P. ·Department of Epidemiology, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Milan, Italy. ·Ann Oncol · Pubmed #21245160.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is the best-characterized risk factor for pancreatic cancer. However, data are limited for other tobacco smoking products and smokeless tobacco. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a pooled analysis of cigar and pipe smoking and smokeless tobacco use and risk of pancreatic cancer using data from 11 case-control studies (6056 cases and 11,338 controls) within the International Pancreatic Cancer Case-Control Consortium (PanC4). Pooled odds ratios (OR) and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated by unconditional multiple logistic regression models adjusted for study center and selected covariates. RESULTS: Compared with never tobacco users, the OR for cigar-only smokers was 1.6 (95% CI: 1.2-2.3), i.e. comparable to that of cigarette-only smokers (OR 1.5; 95% CI 1.4-1.6). The OR was 1.1 (95% CI 0.69-1.6) for pipe-only smokers. There was some evidence of increasing risk with increasing amount of cigar smoked per day (OR 1.82 for ≥ 10 grams of tobacco), although not with duration. The OR for ever smokeless tobacco users as compared with never tobacco users was 0.98 (95% CI 0.75-1.3). CONCLUSION: This collaborative analysis provides evidence that cigar smoking is associated with an excess risk of pancreatic cancer, while no significant association emerged for pipe smoking and smokeless tobacco use.

18 Article Soft drinks, sweetened beverages and risk of pancreatic cancer. 2011

Gallus, Silvano / Turati, Federica / Tavani, Alessandra / Polesel, Jerry / Talamini, Renato / Franceschi, Silvia / La Vecchia, Carlo. ·Dipartimento di Epidemiologia, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Milan, Italy. silvano.gallus@marionegri.it ·Cancer Causes Control · Pubmed #20981481.

ABSTRACT: Soft drinks usually contain sugar and caffeine that might influence pancreatic carcinogenesis. We considered the association between carbonated drink consumption and pancreatic cancer risk in an Italian case-control study conducted in 1991-2008 on 326 pancreatic cancer cases and 652 matched controls. We also combined the results from all the studies on soft drinks or sweetened beverages and pancreatic cancer published before June 2010, using a meta-analytic approach. In the case-control study, compared with non-drinkers, the multivariate odds ratio was 1.02 (95% confidence interval, CI, 0.72-1.44) for carbonated drink consumers and 0.89 (95% CI 0.53-1.50) for regular consumers (at least one drink/day). Besides our study, from the literature search, we identified 4 other case-control (1,919 cases) and 6 cohort studies (2,367 cases). The pooled relative risks (RR) for soft drink consumers vs. non-consumers were 0.97 (95% CI 0.81-1.16) for case-control, 1.05 (95% CI 0.94-1.17) for cohort, and 1.02 (95% CI 0.93-1.12) for all studies. The pooled RRs for heavy drinkers were 1.08 (95% CI 0.73-1.60) for case-control, 1.21 (95% CI 0.90-1.63) for cohort, and 1.16 (95% CI 0.93-1.45) for all studies. In conclusion, soft drink consumption is not materially related to pancreatic cancer risk.

19 Article Dietary intake of selected micronutrients and the risk of pancreatic cancer: an Italian case-control study. 2011

Bravi, F / Polesel, J / Bosetti, C / Talamini, R / Negri, E / Dal Maso, L / Serraino, D / La Vecchia, C. ·Department of Epidemiology, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Milan, Italy. francesca.bravi@marionegri.it ·Ann Oncol · Pubmed #20530201.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: several studies have shown an inverse relation between vegetable and fruit intake and pancreatic cancer, but no specific beneficial component of such foods has been consistently identified. We considered the role of 15 selected vitamins and carotenoids and 6 minerals on pancreatic cancer risk in an Italian case-control study. METHODS: subjects were 326 patients with incident pancreatic cancer and 652 controls, admitted to the same hospitals as cases for acute conditions. Micronutrient computation was based on a validated and reproducible food-frequency questionnaire. We estimated the odds ratios (OR) and confidence intervals (CI) using conditional logistic regression models, adjusted for various confounding factors and for energy intake, according to the residual model. RESULTS: comparing the highest to the lowest quintile of intake, the OR were 0.60 (95% CI 0.36-0.98) for vitamin E, 0.44 (95% CI 0.27-0.73) for vitamin C, 0.56 (95% CI 0.34-0.93) for folate, and 0.57 (95% CI 0.35-0.92) for potassium. No significant inverse associations were observed for α-carotene (OR = 0.69, 95% CI 0.43-1.12), β-carotene (OR = 0.64, 95% CI 0.39-1.06), and β-cryptoxanthin (OR = 0.66, 95% CI 0.39-1.09). No relation was found for other micronutrients considered. CONCLUSION: our findings support a favorable role of vitamins E and C, selected carotenoids, and folate on pancreatic carcinogenesis.

20 Article Aspirin use and pancreatic cancer risk. 2010

Bonifazi, Martina / Gallus, Silvano / Bosetti, Cristina / Polesel, Jerry / Serraino, Diego / Talamini, Renato / Negri, Eva / La Vecchia, Carlo. ·Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Via Giuseppe La Masa, Milan, Italy. ·Eur J Cancer Prev · Pubmed #20502343.

ABSTRACT: Preclinical findings suggest that aspirin might inhibit pancreatic carcinogenesis, but epidemiological data are scanty and controversial. The role of aspirin use in pancreatic cancer is further analyzed in a multicentric hospital-based case-control study conducted in Italy between 1991 and 2008. Cases were 308 patients with incident pancreatic cancer and controls were 477 patients admitted to the same hospitals as cases for acute conditions, not related to risk factors for pancreatic cancer. A total of 22 cases (7%) and 37 controls (8%) reported regular aspirin use, with a corresponding adjusted odds ratio (OR) of 0.87 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.47-1.61]. A slight protection, although not significant, was observed for duration of use > or =5 years (OR=0.53; 95% CI: 0.21-1.33) and for time since first use > or =10 years (OR=0.69; 95% CI: 0.25-1.93). The risk of pancreatic cancer was significantly below unity for current users of > or =5 years (OR=0.23; 95% CI: 0.06-0.90), but the risk was based on three cases and 16 controls only. We observed no association between regular aspirin use and pancreatic cancer risk, although our results suggested a possible protective effect for long-term current users.

21 Article Dietary glycemic index and glycemic load and risk of pancreatic cancer: a case-control study. 2010

Rossi, Marta / Lipworth, Loren / Polesel, Jerry / Negri, Eva / Bosetti, Cristina / Talamini, Renato / McLaughlin, Joseph K / La Vecchia, Carlo. ·Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Milan, Italy. ·Ann Epidemiol · Pubmed #20470973.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Carbohydrates and dietary glycemic index (GI) influence the secretion of insulin and insulin-related growth factors and may play a role in the development of diabetes and obesity, both of which have been related to pancreatic cancer risk. METHODS: We examined the association between dietary GI and glycemic load (GL) and pancreatic cancer by conducting a hospital-based case-control study in Italy in 1991-2008 of 326 cases of pancreatic cancer and 652 control patients. Dietary data were obtained with the use of a validated food-frequency questionnaire. Odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were computed with the use of multiple logistic regression. RESULTS: GI was positively associated with pancreatic cancer, with ORs of 1.56 (95% CI, 1.06-2.30) and 1.78 (95% CI, 1.20-2.62) for the second and third tertiles, respectively, compared with the lowest. No significant association was observed between GL and pancreatic cancer. Consumption of sugar, candy, honey, and jam was positively associated with pancreatic cancer, whereas consumption of fruit was inversely associated. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the positive association with high GI, in the absence of an association with dietary GL, fruit, or total carbohydrates, likely reflects the positive association between sweets or refined carbohydrates and pancreatic cancer in this study population.

22 Article Dietary habits and risk of pancreatic cancer: an Italian case-control study. 2010

Polesel, Jerry / Talamini, Renato / Negri, Eva / Bosetti, Cristina / Boz, Giovanni / Lucenteforte, Ersilia / Franceschi, Silvia / Serraino, Diego / La Vecchia, Carlo. ·Unità di Epidemiologia e Biostatistica, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico, IRCCS, Via Franco Gallini, 2, 33081 Aviano, Pordenone, Italy. polesel@cro.it ·Cancer Causes Control · Pubmed #20091114.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between dietary habits and pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Between 1991 and 2008, we conducted a hospital-based case-control study in northern Italy. CASES: 326 patients (median age 63 years) with incident pancreatic cancer admitted to general hospitals in the areas of Milan and Pordenone, northern Italy. CONTROLS: 652 patients (median age 63 years) with acute non-neoplastic conditions admitted to the same hospital network of cases. Diet was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Conditional logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (OR) and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: Frequent meat consumption was associated to a twofold increased risk of pancreatic cancer (95% CI: 1.18-3.36); the risk was significant for meat cooked by boiling/stewing or broiling/roasting. Added table sugar (OR = 2.23; 95% CI: 1.34-3.71) and potatoes (OR = 1.79; 95% CI: 1.12-2.86) were related to pancreatic cancer. An inverse association emerged for non-citrus fruits (OR = 0.41; 95% CI: 0.24-0.69), cooked vegetables (OR = 0.57; 95% CI: 0.36-0.92), and, possibly, for pulses (OR = 0.59; 95% CI: 0.35-1.00). CONCLUSIONS: The present study supports an inverse association between fruits and vegetables and pancreatic cancer risk, and it confirms a direct relation with meat. The increased risk for table sugar suggests that insulin resistance may play a role in pancreatic carcinogenesis.