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Pancreatic Neoplasms: HELP
Articles by Hana Svebisova
Based on 4 articles published since 2010
(Why 4 articles?)
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Between 2010 and 2020, H. Svébisová wrote the following 4 articles about Pancreatic Neoplasms.
 
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Review Different clinical presentations of metachronous pulmonary metastases after resection of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma: Retrospective study and review of the literature. 2017

Lovecek, Martin / Skalicky, Pavel / Chudacek, Josef / Szkorupa, Marek / Svebisova, Hana / Lemstrova, Radmila / Ehrmann, Jiri / Melichar, Bohuslav / Yogeswara, Tharani / Klos, Dusan / Vrba, Radek / Havlik, Roman / Mohelnikova-Duchonova, Beatrice. ·Department of Surgery I, University Hospital Olomouc and Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University, 77520 Olomouc, Czech Republic. · Department of Oncology, University Hospital Olomouc and Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University, 77520 Olomouc, Czech Republic. · Department of Molecular Pathology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc, University Hospital Olomouc, 77520 Olomouc, Czech Republic. · Department of Oncology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc, University Hospital Olomouc, 77520 Olomouc, Czech Republic. · Department of Surgery I, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University, 775220 Olomouc, Czech Republic. ·World J Gastroenterol · Pubmed #29085191.

ABSTRACT: AIM: To analyze pancreatic cancer patients who developed metachronous pulmonary metastases (MPM) as a first site of recurrence after the curative-intent surgery. METHODS: One-hundred-fifty-nine consecutive pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients who underwent radical pancreatic surgery between 2006 and 2013 were included in this retrospective analysis. The clinical data including age, sex, grade, primary tumor location, pTNM stage, lymph node infiltration, microangioinvasion, perineural invasion, lymphovascular invasion, the therapy administered, and follow-up were all obtained from medical records. Further analysis covered only patients with metachronous metastases. Clinical and histopathological data (age, sex, grade, primary tumor location, pTNM stage, lymph node infiltration, microangioinvasion, perineural invasion, lymphovascular invasion, the therapy administered and follow-up) of patients with metachronous non-pulmonary metastases and patients with metachronous pulmonary metastases were statistically assessed. Disease-free survival (DFS) from pancreas resection until metastases onset and overall survival (OS) were calculated. Wilcoxon test, χ RESULTS: Metachronous pulmonary metastases were observed in 20 (16.9%) and were operable in 3 (2.5%) of PDAC patients after a prior curative-intent surgery. Patients with isolated pulmonary metastases (oligometastases and multiple metastases) had estimated prior DFS and OS of 35.4 and 81.4 mo, respectively, and those with metachronous pulmonary metastases accompanied by other metastases had prior DFS and OS of 17.3 and 23.4 mo, respectively. Patients with non-pulmonary metastases had prior DFS and OS of 9.4 and 15.8 mo, respectively. Different clinical scenarios according to the presentation of MPM were observed and patients could be divided to three subgroups with different prognosis which could be used for the selection of treatment strategy: isolated pulmonary oligometastases, isolated multiple pulmonary metastases and pulmonary metastases accompanied by other metastases. CONCLUSION: Surgery should be considered for all patients with isolated pulmonary oligometastases, but the risk of intervention has to be individually weighted for each patient.

2 Article Long-term survival after resections for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Single centre study. 2016

Lovecek, Martin / Skalicky, Pavel / Klos, Dusan / Bebarova, Linda / Neoral, Cestmir / Ehrmann, Jiri / Zapletalova, Jana / Svebisova, Hana / Vrba, Radek / Stasek, Martin / Yogeswara, Tharani / Havlik, Roman. ·Department of Surgery I, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc, Czech Republic. · Department of Surgery I, University Hospital Olomouc, Czech Republic. · Department of Molecular Pathology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc, Czech Republic. · Department of Medical Biophysics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc, Czech Republic. · Department of Oncology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc and University Hospital Olomouc, Czech Republic. ·Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub · Pubmed #27029600.

ABSTRACT: AIM: To analyse the 5-year survival rate of patients undergoing radical surgery for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and to identify prognostic factors. METHODS: A prospectively maintained database of 90 consecutive patients who underwent radical resection for PDAC was analysed. Survival was evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Log-rank test and Cox regression analysis were used for the evaluation of prognostic factors. P values less than 0.05 were considered significant. RESULTS: Mean age (± standard deviation) was 63.2±8.6 years (female 28.9% and male 71.1%). Tumour localisation was in the head in 76 (84.5%), multifocal in 3 (3.3%) and in the body/tail in 11 (12.2%). Pancreatic head resection was performed in 75 (83.3%), total pancreatectomy in 4 (4.4%) and distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy in 11 (12.2%), with standard lymphadenectomy. Venous resection was in 4 (4.4%). Thirty-day and in-hospital mortality occurred in 1 (1.1%), 90-day mortality was 3.3%. On univariate analysis absence of perineural and vascular invasion, stage, absence of lymph node infiltration and no need for transfusion were associated with improved overall survival. On multivariate analysis vascular invasion HR=3.137 (95%CI: 1.692-5.816; P = 0.0003) and postoperative complications HR=2.004 (95%CI: 1.198-3.354; P = 0.008) were identified as significant independent predictors of survival. The five-year survival rate was 18.9%, with five-year recurrence-free survival of 16.7%. CONCLUSION: Vascular invasion and postoperative complications were independent prognostic factors after curative resections of pancreatic cancer in studied cohort.

3 Article [Surgical therapy of pancreatic cancer - 5 years survival]. 2015

Loveček, M / Skalický, P / Klos, D / Neoral, Č / Ehrmann, J / Zapletalová, J / Švébišová, H / Yogeswara, T / Ghothim, M / Vrba, R / Havlík, R. · ·Rozhl Chir · Pubmed #26766155.

ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: The purpose was to identify 5-year survivors among a group of radically resected patients with pancreatic cancer and analyse the characteristics and factors associated with their 5-year survival. Single tertiary centre experience. METHOD: A prospectively maintained database of 155 pancreatic resections from January 2006 to June 2010 was scanned to identify patients after curative radical resections for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. The clinical and pathological data was analysed retrospectively. The outcomes of the PDAC group were evaluated using Kaplan-Meier analysis (survival) with the Log-rank test and Cox regression analysis (evaluation of prognostic factors). Characteristics of the survivors were discussed. Significance level of 0.05 was used. Those factors were used as independent variables for Cox regression analysis whose significant effect on survival was shown based on Kaplan-Meier analysis. RESULTS: Among 155 patients undergoing a curative pancreatic resection, 73 had a pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Fifteen patients (20.5%) after radical surgery survived over 5 years, 13 of whom are still alive. In the group of the survivors, the mean overall survival was 77.1 months (60110) and the median survival was 74 months. The mean relapse-free interval in the group of the survivors was 63.3 months (14110) with the median of 65 months. Factors associated with a longer survival included the absence of lymph node infiltration (p=0.031), uncomplicated postoperative course (p=0.025), absence of vascular invasion (p=0.017), no blood transfusions (p=0.015) and the use of postoperative therapy - predominantly chemotherapy (p=0.009). Significant independent predictors of survival included vascular invasion HR=2.239 (95%CI: 1.0934.590; p=0.028), postoperative chemotherapy HR=2.587 (95%CI: 1.3015.145; p=0.007) and blood transfusion HR=2.080 (95%CI: 1.0274.212; p=0.042). The risk of death was increased 2.2 times in patients with vascular invasion, 2.1 times in patients with transfusions, and finally 2.6 times in those with no chemotherapy. CONCLUSION: Factors associated with an improved overall survival included: the absence of lymph node infiltration, an uncomplicated postoperative course, absence of vascular invasion, no need of blood transfusions, and finally the use of postoperative chemotherapy. Vascular invasion, use of blood transfusions and postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy were significant independent prognostic factors of survival.

4 Article [Pancreatic cancer surgery at Ist Surgical Clinic of the Olomouc Faculty Hospital (FN Olomouc)]. 2010

Lovecek, M / Neoral, C / Klos, D / Skalický, P / Kysucan, J / Vrba, R / Melichar, B / Svébisová, H / Tozzi di Angelo, I / Kliment, M / Havlík, R. ·I. Chirurgická klinika LF UP a FN Olomouc. ·Rozhl Chir · Pubmed #21404512.

ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Surgical treatment plays a key role in the efforts to improve prognosis of patients with pancreatic cancer. The pancreatic cancer incidence rates are on increase and so does the number of patients undergoing potentially curative resection procedures. However, despite all diagnostic advancements and treatments adjusted to specific patient's needs, the outcomes are not satisfactory enough. The aim of the surgical procedure is to radically remove the tumor, including the regional lymph nodes, to promote early and uncomplicated healing and to facilitate early initiation of oncological treatment. AIM: The aim of the study was to assess current potential of diagnostic and surgical treatment in pancreatic cancer when all currently available diagnostic methods are emloyed and to present the university clinic's outcomes. METHODS AND PATIENT GROUP: From 2006 to IX 2010, a total of 177 pancreatic resections and 123 right-sided pancreatoduodenectomies for malignant disorders were performed at the authors' clinic. 76 pancreatoduodenectomies were performed for ductal carcinoma of the pancreatic head. The study group included 51 males and 25 females, the mean age of 62.9 years. Based on the TNM classification (UICC), 11% of the subjects presented with stage I, 78% with stage II and 3% with stage III diseases. The procedures radicality was the following: R0 in 59 subjects, R1 in 5 subjects while in 12 subjects, the radicality was undetected by the authors. Histopatological grading in this patient group was as follows: G1 in 20%, G2 in 34% and G3 in 46% of the subjects. Perineural invasion, invasion into lymphatic vessels or other vessels was not detected in 21 subjects (27.6%). The authors assessed complication rates based on the DeOliveira classification and survival rates in individual disease stages. OUTCOMES: Complications occurred in 44.7% of the operated subjects. Serious complications requiring reintervention were reported in 13 subjects (17.1%), including reinterventions in general anesthesia in 10 subjects (13.1%). Two patients died: a 79-year old female died from multiorgan failure as a result of aspiration, and a 76-year old male died from multiorgan failure following completion of pancreatectomy due to pancreaticojejunal anastomosis insufficiency. The thirty- and sixty-day mortality rate was 2.6%, however, it was null over the past three years. The mean survival time was 17.1 months, with the median of 13.5 months. The patient group's overall 3-, 6-, 9-, 12, 15- and 18- month survival following radical resections was 95.6%, 90.3%, 76.3%, 62.7%, 52.3% and 45%, respectively. 82%, 52%, 35% and 35% of the operated stage I patients survived 1, 2, 3 and 4 years, respectively. The mean hospitalization duration was 16.8 days (10-45). CONCLUSION: Although the procedures are extremely demanding, especially in the reconstruction phase, the outcomes have improved significantly due to ongoing experience, improvements in the surgical technique and in the complex postoperative care. At specialized clinics, the mortality rate has dropped below 5%, the morbidity rate below 40% and the postoperative dehiscence rates below 10%. During the past three years, the authors' clinic has reached null 30- and 60-day mortality rate following the pancreatic head resections, the complication rate following pancreaticoduodenal anastomosis is slightly above 5% (6.5%) and the morbidity rate is slightly above 40% (44.7%). The authors consider the procedure safe at their clinic and all indicated patients are expected to benefit from it.