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Pancreatic Neoplasms: HELP
Articles by Alberto Sobrero
Based on 3 articles published since 2008
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Between 2008 and 2019, A. Sobrero wrote the following 3 articles about Pancreatic Neoplasms.
 
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Review Pancreatic cancer treatment and research: an international expert panel discussion. 2011

Tempero, M A / Berlin, J / Ducreux, M / Haller, D / Harper, P / Khayat, D / Schmoll, H-J / Sobrero, A / Van Cutsem, E. ·Division of Hematology/Oncology, University of California San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco, California 94115, USA. mtempero@medicine.ucsf.edu ·Ann Oncol · Pubmed #21199884.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer has proven extremely challenging to treat. A collaborative effort is needed to advance research and improve treatment. An expert conference was conducted to elicit perspectives regarding the current treatment and future research of pancreatic cancer. METHODS: The conference comprised an international panel of experts representing five European countries and the United States. RESULTS: Adjuvant radiotherapy is used more frequently in the United States than in Europe. In locally advanced disease, there is now more emphasis on early chemotherapy in both Europe and the United States. In metastatic disease, combination chemotherapy is commonly used in Europe and the United States. This varies by country. Advancing pancreatic research will require improving biorepositories and developing a roadmap to prioritize therapeutic targets in different models. Small randomized phase II trials of both non-selected and enriched patient populations will help identify activity of new agents. Phase III trials should only be initiated in appropriate patients based on strong clinical and biological signals. Developing drugs in the adjuvant setting may be preferable to eliminate some of the challenges of drug development in the advanced disease setting. CONCLUSION: Progress in research combined with encouraging improvements from the past offer hope for the future of pancreatic cancer patients.

2 Clinical Trial The value of lactate dehydrogenase serum levels as a prognostic and predictive factor for advanced pancreatic cancer patients receiving sorafenib. 2015

Faloppi, Luca / Bianconi, Maristella / Giampieri, Riccardo / Sobrero, Alberto / Labianca, Roberto / Ferrari, Daris / Barni, Sandro / Aitini, Enrico / Zaniboni, Alberto / Boni, Corrado / Caprioni, Francesco / Mosconi, Stefania / Fanello, Silvia / Berardi, Rossana / Bittoni, Alessandro / Andrikou, Kalliopi / Cinquini, Michela / Torri, Valter / Scartozzi, Mario / Cascinu, Stefano / Anonymous3600843. ·Medical Oncology Unit, Università Politecnica delle Marche, AOU "Ospedali Riuniti", Ancona, Italy. · Medical Oncology Unit, Ospedale S. Martino, Genova, Italy. · Medical Oncology Unit, Ospedali Riuniti, Bergamo, Italy. · Medical Oncology Unit, Ospedale S. Paolo, Milano, Italy. · Medical Oncology Unit, Treviglio Hospital, Treviglio, Italy. · Medical Oncology Unit, C. Poma Hospital, Mantova, Italy. · Medical Oncology Unit, Fondazione Poliambulanza, Brescia, Italy. · Medical Oncology Unit, Arcispedale S. Maria Nuova IRCCS, Reggio Emilia, Italy. · New Drug Development Strategies Laboratory, Mario Negri Institute, Milano, Italy. · Medical Oncology Unit, Università degli Studi di Cagliari, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria, Cagliari, Italy. ·Oncotarget · Pubmed #26397228.

ABSTRACT: Although lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) serum levels, indirect markers of angiogenesis, are associated with a worse outcome in several tumours, their prognostic value is not defined in pancreatic cancer. Moreover, high levels are associated even with a lack of efficacy of tyrosine kinase inhibitors, contributing to explain negative results in clinical trials. We assessed the role of LDH in advanced pancreatic cancer receiving sorafenib. Seventy-one of 114 patients included in the randomised phase II trial MAPS (chemotherapy plus or not sorafenib) and with available serum LDH levels, were included in this analysis. Patients were categorized according to serum LDH levels (LDH ≤ vs.> upper normal rate). A significant difference was found in progression free survival (PFS) and in overall survival (OS) between patients with LDH values under or above the cut-off (PFS: 5.2 vs. 2.7 months, p = 0.0287; OS: 10.7 vs. 5.9 months, p = 0.0021). After stratification according to LDH serum levels and sorafenib treatment, patients with low LDH serum levels treated with sorafenib showed an advantage in PFS (p = 0.05) and OS (p = 0.0012). LDH appears to be a reliable parameter to assess the prognosis of advanced pancreatic cancer patients, and it may be a predictive parameter to select patients candidate to receive sorafenib.

3 Clinical Trial Sorafenib does not improve efficacy of chemotherapy in advanced pancreatic cancer: A GISCAD randomized phase II study. 2014

Cascinu, Stefano / Berardi, Rossana / Sobrero, Alberto / Bidoli, Paolo / Labianca, Roberto / Siena, Salvatore / Ferrari, Daris / Barni, Sandro / Aitini, Enrico / Zagonel, Vittorina / Caprioni, Francesco / Villa, Federica / Mosconi, Stefania / Faloppi, Luca / Tonini, Giuseppe / Boni, Corrado / Conte, Pierfranco / Di Costanzo, Francesco / Cinquini, Michela / Anonymous2180774. ·Medical Oncology Unit, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ospedali Riuniti di Ancona, Ancona, Italy. Electronic address: cascinu@yahoo.com. · Medical Oncology Unit, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ospedali Riuniti di Ancona, Ancona, Italy. · Medical Oncology Unit, Ospedale S. Martino, Genova, Italy. · Medical Oncology Unit, Ospedale S. Gerardo, Monza, Italy. · Medical Oncology Unit, Ospedali Riuniti, Bergamo, Italy. · Niguarda Cancer Center, Ospedale Niguarda Ca' Granda, Milan, Italy. · Medical Oncology Unit, Ospedale S. Paolo, Milano, Italy. · Medical Oncology Unit, Treviglio Hospital, Treviglio, Italy. · Medical Oncology Unit, C. Poma Hospital, Mantova, Italy. · Medical Oncology Unit, Istituto Oncologico Veneto, Padova, Italy. · Medical Oncology Unit, University Campus Bio-Medico, Rome, Italy. · Medical Oncology Unit, Arcispedale S. Maria Nuova IRCCS, Reggio Emilia, Italy. · Medical Oncology Unit, Policlinico Universitario, Modena, Italy. · Medical Oncology Unit Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Italy. · New Drug Development Strategies Laboratory, Mario Negri Institute, Milano, Italy. ·Dig Liver Dis · Pubmed #24189171.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The RAF-MEK-ERK pathway is commonly activated in pancreatic cancer because of a high frequency of KRAS-BRAF mutations. A phase II randomized trial was designed to investigate the activity of sorafenib in combination with chemotherapy in advanced pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma patients were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive cisplatin plus gemcitabine with sorafenib 400mg bid (arm A) or without sorafenib (arm B). RESULTS: One hundred and fourteen patients were enrolled; of these, 43 (74.6%) patients progressed in arm A and 44 (82.4%) in arm B. Median progression-free survival was 4.3 months (95% CI: 2.7-6.5) and 4.5 months (95% CI: 2.5-5.2), respectively (HR=0.92; 95% CI: 0.62-1.35). Median overall survival was 7.5 (95% CI: 5.6-9.7) and 8.3 months (95% CI: 6.2-8.7), respectively (HR=0.95; 95% CI: 0.62-1.48). Response rates were 3.4% in arm A and 3.6% in arm B. CONCLUSIONS: Sorafenib does not significantly enhance activity of chemotherapy in advanced pancreatic cancer patients, and therefore should not be assessed in phase III trials.