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Pancreatic Neoplasms: HELP
Articles by Daniele Santini
Based on 11 articles published since 2010
(Why 11 articles?)

Between 2010 and 2020, Daniele Santini wrote the following 11 articles about Pancreatic Neoplasms.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Review Molecular profiling of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETS) and the clinical potential. 2018

Camilli, Massimiliano / Papadimitriou, Konstantinos / Nogueira, Amanda / Incorvaia, Lorena / Galvano, Antonio / D'Antonio, Federica / Ferri, Jose / Santini, Daniele / Silvestris, Nicola / Russo, Antonio / Peeters, Marc / Rolfo, Christian. ·a Department of Oncology , University Campus Biomedico of Rome , Rome , Italy. · b Oncology Department , Antwerp University Hospital , Edegem , Belgium. · c Phase I-Early Clinical Trials Unit, Oncology Department , Antwerp University Hospital & Center for Oncological Research (CORE) , Antwerp , Belgium. · d Department of Surgical, Oncological and Oral Sciences, Section of Medical Oncology , University of Palermo , Palermo , Italy. · e Medical Oncology Department , Oncological institute Giovanni Paolo II , Bari , Italy. ·Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol · Pubmed #29629846.

ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) represent a small part of pancreatic neoplasms, and the knowledge about their indolent clinical course remains a subject of investigation. They occur sporadically or as part of familial cancer syndromes and are classified by WHO in 3 categories. There is ongoing research to understand their molecular profiling and leading mutations. Areas covered: The aim of this review is to clarify the overall aspects of tumorigenesis, to expose the latest developments in understanding the course of the disease and the possible therapeutic implications of these. The review also discusses functional and non-functional pNETs and associated inherited syndromes as well as pNET molecular profiling and its possible guidance in the use of targeted therapy. Expert commentary: In the next decade, a more extensive application of new technologies will help improve quality of life and survival, individualizing treatment protocols and identifying which therapeutic strategy is more suitable for each kind of NET.

2 Review Second-line chemotherapy for advanced pancreatic cancer: Which is the best option? 2017

Aprile, Giuseppe / Negri, Francesca V / Giuliani, Francesco / De Carlo, Elisa / Melisi, Davide / Simionato, Francesca / Silvestris, Nicola / Brunetti, Oronzo / Leone, Francesco / Marino, Donatella / Santini, Daniele / Dell'Aquila, Emanuela / Zeppola, Tea / Puzzoni, Marco / Scartozzi, Mario. ·Department of Oncology, University and General Hospital, Udine, Italy; Department of Oncology, San Bortolo General Hospital, ULSS8 Berica, East District, Vicenza, Italy. Electronic address: giuseppe.aprile@aulss8.veneto.it. · Medical Oncology, University Hospital, Parma, Italy. · Medical Oncology Unit, National Cancer Institute IRCCS "Giovanni Paolo II", Bari, Italy. · Department of Oncology, University and General Hospital, Udine, Italy. · Medical Oncology, University of Verona, Italy. · Medical Oncology, Candiolo Cancer Institute, FPO, IRCCS, University of Torino (TO), Italy. · Department of Medical Oncology, University Campus Bio-Medico, Roma, Italy. · Department of Oncology, University Hospital, Cagliari, Italy. ·Crit Rev Oncol Hematol · Pubmed #28602164.

ABSTRACT: Despite recent biological insight and therapeutic advances, the prognosis of advanced pancreatic cancer still remains poor. For more than 15 years, gemcitabine monotherapy has been the cornerstone of first-line treatment. Recently, prospective randomized trials have shown that novel upfront combination regimens tested in prospective randomized trials have resulted in improved patients' outcome increasing the proportion of putative candidate to second-line therapy. There is no definite standard of care after disease progression. A novel formulation in which irinotecan is encapsulated into liposomal-based nanoparticles may increase the efficacy of the drug without incrementing its toxicity. NAPOLI-1 was the first randomized trial to compare nanoliposomal irinotecan and fluorouracil-leucovorin (5-FU/LV) to 5-FU/LV alone after a gemcitabine-based chemotherapy. This review focuses on the current data for the management of second-line treatment for metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma, presents the most interesting ongoing clinical trials and illustrates the biologically-driven future options beyond disease progression.

3 Review Neoadjuvant multimodal treatment of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. 2016

Silvestris, Nicola / Longo, Vito / Cellini, Francesco / Reni, Michele / Bittoni, Alessandro / Cataldo, Ivana / Partelli, Stefano / Falconi, Massimo / Scarpa, Aldo / Brunetti, Oronzo / Lorusso, Vito / Santini, Daniele / Morganti, Alessio / Valentini, Vincenzo / Cascinu, Stefano. ·Medical Oncology Unit, National Cancer Research Centre "Giovanni Paolo II", Bari, Italy. Electronic address: n.silvestris@oncologico.bari.it. · Medical Oncology Unit, 'Mons R Dimiccoli' Hospital, Barletta, Italy. · Radiation Oncology Department, Policlinico Universitario Campus Bio-Medico, Rome, Italy. · Medical Oncology Department, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milano, Italy. · Medical Oncology Clinic, AOU Ospedali Riuniti, Polytechnic University of the Marche Region, Ancona, Italy. · ARC-NET Research Centre, University of Verona, Italy. · Pancreatic Unit, Department of Surgery, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy. · Medical Oncology Unit, National Cancer Research Centre "Giovanni Paolo II", Bari, Italy. · Medical Oncology Unit, University Campus Biomedico, Roma, Italy. · Radiation Oncology Center, Dept. of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine - DIMES, University of Bologna, Italy. ·Crit Rev Oncol Hematol · Pubmed #26653573.

ABSTRACT: Treatment of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is increasingly multidisciplinary, with neoadjuvant strategies (chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery) administered in patients with resectable, borderline resectable, or locally advanced disease. The rational supporting this management is the achievement of both higher margin-negative resections and conversion rates into potentially resectable disease and in vivo assessment of novel therapeutics. International guidelines suggest an initial staging of the disease followed by a multidisciplinary approach, even considering the lack of a treatment approach to be considered as standard in this setting. This review will focus on both literature data supporting these guidelines and on new opportunities related to current more active chemotherapy regimens. An analysis of the pathological assessment of response to therapy and the potential role of target therapies and translational biomarkers and ongoing clinical trials of significance will be discussed.

4 Review MicroRNA in pancreatic adenocarcinoma: predictive/prognostic biomarkers or therapeutic targets? 2015

Brunetti, Oronzo / Russo, Antonio / Scarpa, Aldo / Santini, Daniele / Reni, Michele / Bittoni, Alessandro / Azzariti, Amalia / Aprile, Giuseppe / Delcuratolo, Sabina / Signorile, Michele / Gnoni, Antonio / Palermo, Loredana / Lorusso, Vito / Cascinu, Stefano / Silvestris, Nicola. ·Medical Oncology Unit, National Cancer Research Centre, Istituto Tumori Giovanni Paolo II, Bari, Italy. · Department of Surgical, Oncological and Oral Sciences, Section of Medical Oncology, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy. · Department of Pathology and Diagnostics, University of Verona, Verona, Italy. · Department of Medical Oncology, University Campus Bio-Medico, Rome, Italy. · Department of Medical Oncology, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy. · AOU Ospedali Riuniti, Polytechnic University of the Marche Region, Ancona, Italy. · Clinical and Preclinical Pharmacology Laboratory, National Cancer Research Centre, Istituto Tumori Giovanni Paolo II, Bari, Italy. · Department of Medical Oncology, University Hospital of Udine, Udine, Italy. · Department of Medical Oncology, Hospital of Taranto, Taranto, Italy. ·Oncotarget · Pubmed #26259238.

ABSTRACT: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a tumor with a poor prognosis, short overall survival and few chemotherapeutic choices. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding, single-stranded RNAs of around 22 nucleotides involved in the pathogenic mechanisms of carcinogenesis and metastasis. They have been studied in many tumors in order to identify potential diagnostic, prognostic or therapeutic targets. In the current literature, many studies have analyzed the role of miRNAs in PDAC. In fact, the absence of appropriate biomarkers, the difficultly of early detection of this tumor, and the lack of effective chemotherapy in patients with unresectable disease have focused attention on miRNAs as new, interesting advance in this malignancy. In this review we analyzed the role of miRNAs in PDAC in order to understand the mechanisms of action and the difference between the onco-miRNA and the tumor suppressor miRNA. We also reviewed all the data related to the use of these molecules as predictive as well as prognostic biomarkers in the course of the disease. Finally, the possible therapeutic use of miRNAs or anti-miRNAs in PDAC is also discussed. In conclusion, although there is still no clinical application for these molecules in PDAC, it is our opinion that the preclinical evidence of the role of specific miRNAs in carcinogenesis, the possibility of using miRNAs as diagnostic or prognostic biomarkers, and their potential therapeutic role, warrant future studies in PDAC.

5 Review Target therapies in pancreatic carcinoma. 2014

Silvestris, Nicola / Gnoni, Antonio / Brunetti, Anna Elisabetta / Vincenti, Leonardo / Santini, Daniele / Tonini, Giuseppe / Merchionne, Francesca / Maiello, Evaristo / Lorusso, Vito / Nardulli, Patrizia / Azzariti, Amalia / Reni, Michele. ·Medical Oncology Unit, National Cancer Research Centre - Istituto Tumori Giovanni Paolo II, Viale Orazio Flacco, 65, 70124 Bari, Italy. n.silvestris@oncologico.bari.it. ·Curr Med Chem · Pubmed #23992319.

ABSTRACT: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) occurs in the majority of cases with early locoregional spread and distant metastases at diagnosis, leading to dismal prognosis and limited treatment options. Traditional cytotoxic chemotherapy provides only modest benefit to patients with PDAC. Identification of different molecular pathways, overexpressed in pancreatic cancer cells, has provided the opportunity to develop targeted therapies (monoclonal antibodies and small-molecule inhibitors) and peculiar new class of taxanes with a crucial therapeutic role in this cancer setting. A phase III trial has shown that erlotinib in combination with gemcitabine was clinically irrelevant and skin toxicity can be a positive prognostic factor. Moreover, the combination of cetuximab or erlotinib with radiotherapy in advanced pancreatic cancer has shown to be synergistic and a reversal of radio-resistance has been suggested by inhibition of VEGF/EGFR pathway. To overcome EGFR-inhibition therapy resistance several alternative pathways targets are under investigation (IGF- 1R, MMPs, Hedgehog proteins, m-TOR, MEK, COX-2) and provide the rationale for clinical use in phase II/III studies. Also nab-paclitaxel, a new taxanes class, uses high pancreatic albumin-binding protein SPARC levels to act in cancer cells with a less toxic and more effective dose with respect to classic taxanes. Understanding of molecular pathogenesis of pancreatic adenocarcinoma continues to expand. However, many promising data in preclinic and phase I/II trials did not yield promise in phase III trials, suggesting that identification of predictive biomarkers for these new agents is mandatory. The knowledge of biologic and molecular aspects of pancreatic cancer can be the basis for future therapeutic developments.

6 Review Carcinogenesis of pancreatic adenocarcinoma: precursor lesions. 2013

Gnoni, Antonio / Licchetta, Antonella / Scarpa, Aldo / Azzariti, Amalia / Brunetti, Anna Elisabetta / Simone, Gianni / Nardulli, Patrizia / Santini, Daniele / Aieta, Michele / Delcuratolo, Sabina / Silvestris, Nicola. ·Medical Oncology Unit, Hospital Vito Fazzi, Lecce 73100, Italy. n.silvestris@oncologico.bari.it. ·Int J Mol Sci · Pubmed #24084722.

ABSTRACT: Pancreatic adenocarcinoma displays a variety of molecular changes that evolve exponentially with time and lead cancer cells not only to survive, but also to invade the surrounding tissues and metastasise to distant sites. These changes include: genetic alterations in oncogenes and cancer suppressor genes; changes in the cell cycle and pathways leading to apoptosis; and also changes in epithelial to mesenchymal transition. The most common alterations involve the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene, the HER2 gene, and the K-ras gene. In particular, the loss of function of tumor-suppressor genes has been documented in this tumor, especially in CDKN2a, p53, DPC4 and BRCA2 genes. However, other molecular events involved in pancreatic adenocarcinoma pathogenesis contribute to its development and maintenance, specifically epigenetic events. In fact, key tumor suppressors that are well established to play a role in pancreatic adenocarcinoma may be altered through hypermethylation, and oncogenes can be upregulated secondary to permissive histone modifications. Indeed, factors involved in tumor invasiveness can be aberrantly expressed through dysregulated microRNAs. This review summarizes current knowledge of pancreatic carcinogenesis from its initiation within a normal cell until the time that it has disseminated to distant organs. In this scenario, highlighting these molecular alterations could provide new clinical tools for early diagnosis and new effective therapies for this malignancy.

7 Review Targeting EGFR in bilio-pancreatic and liver carcinoma. 2011

Fratto, Maria Elisabetta / Santini, Daniele / Vincenzi, Bruno / Silvestris, Nicola / Azzariti, Amalia / Tommasi, Stefania / Zoccoli, Alice / Galluzzo, Sara / Maiello, Evaristo / Colucci, Giuseppe / Tonini, Giuseppe. ·Medical Oncology, University Campus Bio-Medico, Rome. ·Front Biosci (Schol Ed) · Pubmed #21196353.

ABSTRACT: The key role of epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR) in tumorigenesis has been demonstrated in several cancer types, so recent clinical trials have investigated their activity/efficacy in different settings. Two different types of EGFR-targeted agents were developed: monoclonal antibodies such as cetuximab and panitumumab, and tyrosine kinase inhibitors, such as gefitinib and erlotinib. In this review, we summarize the preclinical rational of potential activity and the most important clinical trials evaluated anti-EGFR targeted agents in non-colorectal digestive cancer, both in monotherapy and in combination with other chemotherapeutic or targeted agents. Patient selection by use of biologic markers will identify which patients are more likely to respond, contributing to the successful use of these agents.

8 Article The Italian Rare Pancreatic Exocrine Cancer Initiative. 2019

Brunetti, Oronzo / Luchini, Claudio / Argentiero, Antonella / Tommasi, Stefania / Mangia, Anita / Aprile, Giuseppe / Marchetti, Paolo / Vasile, Enrico / Casadei Gardini, Andrea / Scartozzi, Mario / Barni, Sandro / Delfanti, Sara / De Vita, Fernando / Di Costanzo, Francesco / Milella, Michele / Cella, Chiara Alessandra / Berardi, Rossana / Cataldo, Ivana / Santini, Daniele / Doglioni, Claudio / Maiello, Evaristo / Lawlor, Rita T / Mazzaferro, Vincenzo / Lonardi, Sara / Giuliante, Felice / Brandi, Giovanni / Scarpa, Aldo / Cascinu, Stefano / Silvestris, Nicola. ·1 Medical Oncology Unit, IRCCS Cancer Institute "Giovanni Paolo II" of Bari, Bari, Italy. · 2 Department of Diagnostics and Public Health, Section of Pathology, University of Verona, Verona, Italy. · 3 Molecular Diagnostics and Pharmacogenetics Unit, IRCCS Istituto Tumori "Giovanni Paolo II", Bari, Italy. · 4 Functional Biomorphology Laboratory, IRCCS-Istituto Tumori, Bari, Italy. · 5 Medical Oncology Unit, Hospital of Vicenza, Vicenza, Italy. · 6 Medical Oncology Unit, Sant'Andrea Hospital, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy. · 7 Medical Oncology Unit, University Hospital of Pisa, Pisa, Italy. · 8 Medical Oncology Unit, Scientific Institute of Romagna for the Study and Treatment of Cancer (IRST), Meldola, Italy. · 9 Medical Oncology Unit, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy. · 10 Medical Oncology Unit, ASST Bergamo Ovest, Treviglio, Italy. · 11 Medical Oncology Unit, IRCCS Foundation Polyclinic San Matteo, Pavia, Italy. · 12 Medical Oncology Unit, II University of Naples, Naples, Italy. · 13 Medical Oncology Unit, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy. · 14 Medical Oncology Unit, "Regina Elena" National Cancer Institute, Rome, Italy. · 15 Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology and Neuroendocrine Tumors, European Institute of Oncology (IEO), Milan, Italy. · 16 Medical Oncology Unit, Polytechnic University of the Marche, "Ospedali Riuniti Ancona," Ancona, Italy. · 17 Department of Pathology and Diagnostics, University of Verona Hospital Trust, Policlinico GB Rossi, Verona, Italy. · 18 Medical Oncology Unit, University Campus Biomedico, Rome, Italy. · 19 Department of Medical Oncology, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy. · 20 Medical Oncology Unit, IRCCS "Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza" Foundation, San Giovanni Rotondo, Italy. · 21 Arc-Net Centre for Applied Research on Cancer, University and Hospital Trust of Verona, Verona, Italy. · 22 Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, University of Milan, Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Fondazione IRCCS, Milan, Italy. · 23 Medical Oncology Unit, IRCCS Veneto Institute of Oncology (IOV), Padua, Italy. · 24 Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit, IRCCS A. Gemelli Polyclinic Foundation, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy. · 25 Oncology Unit, Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. · 26 Medical Oncology Unit, Modena Cancer Center, University Hospital of Modena, Modena, Italy. · 27 Scientific Direction, IRCCS Cancer Institute "Giovanni Paolo II" of Bari, Bari, Italy. ·Tumori · Pubmed #30967031.

ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Exocrine pancreatic cancers include common type pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and cystic neoplasms, which account for 85% and 10% of cases, respectively. The remaining 5% are rare histotypes, comprising adenosquamous carcinoma, acinar cell carcinoma, signet ring cell carcinoma, medullary carcinoma, pancreatoblastoma, hepatoid carcinoma, undifferentiated carcinoma and its variant with osteoclast-like giant cells, solid pseudopapillary carcinoma, and carcinosarcoma. Due to their low incidence, little knowledge is available on their clinical and molecular features as well as on treatment choices. The national initiative presented here aims at the molecular characterization of series of rare histotypes for which therapeutic and follow-up data are available. METHODS: A nationwide Italian Rare Pancreatic Cancer (IRaPaCa) task force whose first initiative is a multicentric retrospective study involving 21 Italian cancer centers to retrieve histologic material and clinical and treatment data of at least 100 patients with rare exocrine pancreatic cancers has been created. After histologic revision by a panel of expert pathologists, DNA and RNA from paraffin tissues will be investigated by next-generation sequencing using molecular pathway-oriented and immune-oriented mutational and expression profiling panels constructed availing of the information from the International Cancer Genome Consortium. Bioinformatic analysis of data will drive validation studies by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization, as well as nanostring assays. CONCLUSIONS: We expect to gather novel data on rare pancreatic cancer types that will be useful to inform the design of therapeutic choices.

9 Article Systemic Chemotherapy for Advanced Rare Pancreatic Histotype Tumors: A Retrospective Multicenter Analysis. 2018

Brunetti, Oronzo / Aprile, Giuseppe / Marchetti, Paolo / Vasile, Enrico / Casadei Gardini, Andrea / Scartozzi, Mario / Barni, Sandro / Delfanti, Sara / De Vita, Fernando / Di Costanzo, Francesco / Milella, Michele / Cella, Chiara Alessandra / Berardi, Rossana / Cataldo, Ivana / Scarpa, Aldo / Basile, Debora / Mazzuca, Federica / Graziano, Giusi / Argentiero, Antonella / Santini, Daniele / Reni, Michele / Cascinu, Stefano / Silvestris, Nicola. ·Medical Oncology Unit, Sant'Andrea Hospital, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome. · Medical Oncology Unit, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Pisana, Pisa. · Department of MedicalOncology, Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e Cura dei Tumori (IRST) IRCCS, Meldola. · Medical Oncology Unit, University of Cagliari, Cagliari. · Medical Oncology Unit, ASST Bergamo Ovest, Treviglio. · Medical Oncology Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia. · Medical Oncology Unit, II University of Naples, Naples. · Medical OncologyUnit, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, Florence. · Medical Oncology 1, IRCCS Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome. · Division of Gastrointestinal and Neuroendocrine Tumors, IEO, Milan. · Medical Oncology Unit, Universit√† Politecnica Marche - Ospedali Riuniti Ancona, Ancona. · Department of Pathology and Diagnostics, University of Verona, ARCNET, Verona. · Department of Medical Oncology, University and General Hospital, Udine. · Scientific Direction, Cancer Institute "Giovanni Paolo II," Bari. · Medical Oncology Unit, University Campus Biomedico, Rome. · Department of Medical Oncology, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan. · Modena Cancer Center, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Azienda Ospedaliera-Universitaria di Modena, Modena, Italy. ·Pancreas · Pubmed #29771769.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Two issues were put forth by clinicians in the management of the advanced stages of rare variants of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and other exocrine histotypes with peculiar clinical and pathological features: Do chemotherapy regimens recommended in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma patients have a clinical activity in rare pancreatic tumors? Or should other chemotherapy combinations be considered in this subset of patients? METHODS: We conducted a multicenter retrospective study that collected data from 2005 to 2016 at 14 Italian cancer centers with the aim to evaluate tumor response and time to progression for first- and second-line and overall survival. RESULTS: Of approximately 4300 exocrine pancreatic cancer patients, 79 advanced cases affected by rare histological types were identified, with pancreatic acinar cell cancer (n = 23), pancreatic adenosquamous cancer (n = 16), and mucinous cystic neoplasm with an associated invasive mucinous cystadenocarcinoma (n = 15) most represented. Survival analyses for each subgroup in relation with the different chemotherapy regimens showed the lack of statistical significance correlations. CONCLUSIONS: Because of the lack of clinical trials in patients affected by these rare pancreatic histotypes, only their molecular classification would help clinicians in future therapeutic choice.

10 Article Surgical resection does not improve survival in patients with renal metastases to the pancreas in the era of tyrosine kinase inhibitors. 2015

Santoni, Matteo / Conti, Alessandro / Partelli, Stefano / Porta, Camillo / Sternberg, Cora N / Procopio, Giuseppe / Bracarda, Sergio / Basso, Umberto / De Giorgi, Ugo / Derosa, Lisa / Rizzo, Mimma / Ortega, Cinzia / Massari, Francesco / Iacovelli, Roberto / Milella, Michele / Di Lorenzo, Giuseppe / Buti, Sebastiano / Cerbone, Linda / Burattini, Luciano / Montironi, Rodolfo / Santini, Daniele / Falconi, Massimo / Cascinu, Stefano. ·Clinica di Oncologia Medica, Universit√† Politecnica delle Marche, AOU Ospedali Riuniti, Ancona, Italy, mattymo@alice.it. ·Ann Surg Oncol · Pubmed #25472645.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare survival of resected and unresected patients in a large cohort of patients with metastases to the pancreas from renal cell carcinoma (PM-RCC). METHODS: Data from 16 Italian centers involved in the treatment of metastatic RCC were retrospectively collected. The Kaplan-Meier and log-rank test methods were used to evaluate overall survival (OS). Clinical variables considered were sex, age, concomitant metastasis to other sites, surgical resection of PM-RCC, and time to PM-RCC occurrence. RESULTS: Overall, 103 consecutive patients with radically resected primary tumors were enrolled in the analysis. PM-RCCs were synchronous in only three patients (3 %). In 56 patients (54 %), the pancreas was the only metastatic site, whereas in the other 47 patients, lung (57 %), lymph nodes (28 %), and liver (21 %) were the most common concomitant metastatic sites. Median time for PM-RCC occurrence was 9.6 years (range 0-24 years) after nephrectomy. Surgical resection of PM-RCC was performed in 44 patients (median OS 103 months), while 59 patients were treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs; median OS 86 months) (p = 0.201). At multivariate analysis, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center risk group was the only independent prognostic factor. None of the other clinical variables, such as age, sex, pancreatic surgery, or the presence of concomitant metastases, were significantly associated with outcome in PM-RCC patients. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of PM-RCC is associated with a long survival, and surgical resection does not improve survival in comparison with TKI therapy. However, surgical resection leads to a percentage of disease-free PM-RCC patients.

11 Article Germline copy number variation in the YTHDC2 gene: does it have a role in finding a novel potential molecular target involved in pancreatic adenocarcinoma susceptibility? 2014

Fanale, Daniele / Iovanna, Juan Lucio / Calvo, Ezequiel Luis / Berthezene, Patrice / Belleau, Pascal / Dagorn, Jean Charles / Bronte, Giuseppe / Cicero, Giuseppe / Bazan, Viviana / Rolfo, Christian / Santini, Daniele / Russo, Antonio. ·University of Palermo, Department of Surgical, Oncological and Stomatological Sciences, Section of Medical Oncology , Via del Vespro 129, 90127 Palermo , Italy +39 091 6552500 ; +011 39 091 6554529 ; antonio.russo@usa.net. ·Expert Opin Ther Targets · Pubmed #24834797.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The vast majority of pancreatic cancers occurs sporadically. The discovery of frequent variations in germline gene copy number can significantly influence the expression levels of genes that predispose to pancreatic adenocarcinoma. We prospectively investigated whether patients with sporadic pancreatic adenocarcinoma share specific gene copy number variations (CNVs) in their germline DNA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: DNA samples were analyzed from peripheral leukocytes from 72 patients with a diagnosis of sporadic pancreatic adenocarcinoma and from 60 controls using Affymetrix 500K array set. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) assay was performed using a set of self-designed MLPA probes specific for seven target sequences. RESULTS: We identified a CNV-containing DNA region associated with pancreatic cancer risk. This region shows a deletion of 1 allele in 36 of the 72 analyzed patients but in none of the controls. This region is of particular interest since it contains the YTHDC2 gene encoding for a putative DNA/RNA helicase, such protein being frequently involved in cancer susceptibility. Interestingly, 82.6% of Sicilian patients showed germline loss of one allele. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the YTHDC2 gene could be a potential candidate for pancreatic cancer susceptibility and a useful marker for early detection as well as for the development of possible new therapeutic strategies.