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Pancreatic Neoplasms: HELP
Articles by Jaswinder S. Samra
Based on 58 articles published since 2010
(Why 58 articles?)
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Between 2010 and 2020, J. Samra wrote the following 58 articles about Pancreatic Neoplasms.
 
+ Citations + Abstracts
Pages: 1 · 2 · 3
51 Article Serum apolipoprotein C-II is prognostic for survival after pancreatic resection for adenocarcinoma. 2012

Xue, A / Chang, J W / Chung, L / Samra, J / Hugh, T / Gill, A / Butturini, G / Baxter, R C / Smith, R C. ·Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, University of Sydney, Kolling Institute of Medical Research, St Leonards NSW 2065, Australia. ·Br J Cancer · Pubmed #23169340.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Pancreaticoduodenectomy remains a major undertaking. A preoperative blood test, which could confidently predict the benefits of surgery would improve the selection of pancreatic cancer patients for surgery. This study aimed to identify protein biomarkers prognostic for long-term survival and to validate them with clinico-pathological information. METHODS: Serum from 40 preoperative patients was used to train for predictive biomarkers using surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI), and the results were verified on 21 independent samples. Two predictive proteins were identified by tryptic peptide mass fingerprinting and sequencing, and validated on serum from another 57 patients by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The influence of these proteins on growth and invasion of two cancer cell lines was tested in-vitro. RESULTS: The SELDI panel of m/z 3700, 8222 and 11 522 peaks predicted <12 months' survival (ROC AUC: 0.79, 0.64-0.90; P<0.039). When CA19-9 was added, the ROC AUC increased to 0.95 (0.84-0.99; P<0.0001). The six subjects in the verification group who died within 12 months were correctly classified. The m/z 8222 and 11 522 proteins were identified as Serum ApoC-II and SAA-1, respectively. In the validation samples, ELISA results confirmed that ApoC-II was predictive of survival (Kaplan-Meier P<0.009), but not SAA-I. ApoC-II, CA19-9 and major-vessel involvement independently predicted survival. ApoC-II and SAA-1 increased cell growth and invasion of both cancer cell lines. CONCLUSION: Serum ApoC-II, CA19-9 and major-vessel invasion independently predict survival and improves selection of patients for pancreaticoduodenectomy.

52 Article Pancreatic cancer genomes reveal aberrations in axon guidance pathway genes. 2012

Biankin, Andrew V / Waddell, Nicola / Kassahn, Karin S / Gingras, Marie-Claude / Muthuswamy, Lakshmi B / Johns, Amber L / Miller, David K / Wilson, Peter J / Patch, Ann-Marie / Wu, Jianmin / Chang, David K / Cowley, Mark J / Gardiner, Brooke B / Song, Sarah / Harliwong, Ivon / Idrisoglu, Senel / Nourse, Craig / Nourbakhsh, Ehsan / Manning, Suzanne / Wani, Shivangi / Gongora, Milena / Pajic, Marina / Scarlett, Christopher J / Gill, Anthony J / Pinho, Andreia V / Rooman, Ilse / Anderson, Matthew / Holmes, Oliver / Leonard, Conrad / Taylor, Darrin / Wood, Scott / Xu, Qinying / Nones, Katia / Fink, J Lynn / Christ, Angelika / Bruxner, Tim / Cloonan, Nicole / Kolle, Gabriel / Newell, Felicity / Pinese, Mark / Mead, R Scott / Humphris, Jeremy L / Kaplan, Warren / Jones, Marc D / Colvin, Emily K / Nagrial, Adnan M / Humphrey, Emily S / Chou, Angela / Chin, Venessa T / Chantrill, Lorraine A / Mawson, Amanda / Samra, Jaswinder S / Kench, James G / Lovell, Jessica A / Daly, Roger J / Merrett, Neil D / Toon, Christopher / Epari, Krishna / Nguyen, Nam Q / Barbour, Andrew / Zeps, Nikolajs / Anonymous5580740 / Kakkar, Nipun / Zhao, Fengmei / Wu, Yuan Qing / Wang, Min / Muzny, Donna M / Fisher, William E / Brunicardi, F Charles / Hodges, Sally E / Reid, Jeffrey G / Drummond, Jennifer / Chang, Kyle / Han, Yi / Lewis, Lora R / Dinh, Huyen / Buhay, Christian J / Beck, Timothy / Timms, Lee / Sam, Michelle / Begley, Kimberly / Brown, Andrew / Pai, Deepa / Panchal, Ami / Buchner, Nicholas / De Borja, Richard / Denroche, Robert E / Yung, Christina K / Serra, Stefano / Onetto, Nicole / Mukhopadhyay, Debabrata / Tsao, Ming-Sound / Shaw, Patricia A / Petersen, Gloria M / Gallinger, Steven / Hruban, Ralph H / Maitra, Anirban / Iacobuzio-Donahue, Christine A / Schulick, Richard D / Wolfgang, Christopher L / Morgan, Richard A / Lawlor, Rita T / Capelli, Paola / Corbo, Vincenzo / Scardoni, Maria / Tortora, Giampaolo / Tempero, Margaret A / Mann, Karen M / Jenkins, Nancy A / Perez-Mancera, Pedro A / Adams, David J / Largaespada, David A / Wessels, Lodewyk F A / Rust, Alistair G / Stein, Lincoln D / Tuveson, David A / Copeland, Neal G / Musgrove, Elizabeth A / Scarpa, Aldo / Eshleman, James R / Hudson, Thomas J / Sutherland, Robert L / Wheeler, David A / Pearson, John V / McPherson, John D / Gibbs, Richard A / Grimmond, Sean M. ·The Kinghorn Cancer Centre, 370 Victoria Street, Darlinghurst, Sydney, New South Wales 2010, Australia. ·Nature · Pubmed #23103869.

ABSTRACT: Pancreatic cancer is a highly lethal malignancy with few effective therapies. We performed exome sequencing and copy number analysis to define genomic aberrations in a prospectively accrued clinical cohort (n = 142) of early (stage I and II) sporadic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Detailed analysis of 99 informative tumours identified substantial heterogeneity with 2,016 non-silent mutations and 1,628 copy-number variations. We define 16 significantly mutated genes, reaffirming known mutations (KRAS, TP53, CDKN2A, SMAD4, MLL3, TGFBR2, ARID1A and SF3B1), and uncover novel mutated genes including additional genes involved in chromatin modification (EPC1 and ARID2), DNA damage repair (ATM) and other mechanisms (ZIM2, MAP2K4, NALCN, SLC16A4 and MAGEA6). Integrative analysis with in vitro functional data and animal models provided supportive evidence for potential roles for these genetic aberrations in carcinogenesis. Pathway-based analysis of recurrently mutated genes recapitulated clustering in core signalling pathways in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, and identified new mutated genes in each pathway. We also identified frequent and diverse somatic aberrations in genes described traditionally as embryonic regulators of axon guidance, particularly SLIT/ROBO signalling, which was also evident in murine Sleeping Beauty transposon-mediated somatic mutagenesis models of pancreatic cancer, providing further supportive evidence for the potential involvement of axon guidance genes in pancreatic carcinogenesis.

53 Article Grafts for mesenterico-portal vein resections can be avoided during pancreatoduodenectomy. 2012

Wang, Frank / Arianayagam, Ranjan / Gill, Anthony / Puttaswamy, Vikram / Neale, Michael / Gananadha, Sivakumar / Hugh, Thomas J / Samra, Jaswinder S. ·Upper Gastrointestinal Surgical Unit, Royal North Shore Hospital and North Shore Private Hospital, St Leonards, New South Wales, Australia. ·J Am Coll Surg · Pubmed #22762991.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess whether pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) and en bloc mesenterico-portal resection (PD+VR) could be performed with primary venous reconstruction, avoiding a vascular graft. In addition, the short-term surgical outcomes of this approach were compared with a standard PD (PD-VR). STUDY DESIGN: Two hundred twelve patients underwent PD between January 2004 and June 2011. Clinical data, operative results, pathologic findings, and postoperative outcomes were collected prospectively and analyzed. RESULTS: One hundred fifty patients (71%) had PD-VR and 62 patients underwent PD+VR. The majority (82%) of the venous reconstructions were performed with primary end-to-end anastomosis. Only 1 patient had synthetic interposition graft repair. The volume of intraoperative blood loss and the perioperative blood transfusion requirements were significantly greater, and the duration of the operation was significantly longer in the PD+VR group compared with the PD-VR group. There were no significant differences in the length of hospitalization, postoperative morbidity, or grades of complications between the 2 groups. Multivariate logistic regression identified American Society of Anesthesiologists score as the only predictor of postoperative morbidity. Fifty percent of patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma (n = 101) required VR. A significantly higher rate of positive resection margins (p < 0.001) was noted in the PD+VR subgroup compared with PD-VR subgroup. Furthermore, high intraoperative blood loss and neural invasion were predictive of a positive resection margin. CONCLUSIONS: Pancreatoduodenectomy with VR and primary venous anastomosis avoids the need for a graft and has comparable postoperative morbidity with PD-VR. However, it is associated with an increased operative time, higher intraoperative blood loss, and, for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, a higher rate of positive resection margins compared with PD-VR.

54 Article The prognostic and predictive value of serum CA19.9 in pancreatic cancer. 2012

Humphris, J L / Chang, D K / Johns, A L / Scarlett, C J / Pajic, M / Jones, M D / Colvin, E K / Nagrial, A / Chin, V T / Chantrill, L A / Samra, J S / Gill, A J / Kench, J G / Merrett, N D / Das, A / Musgrove, E A / Sutherland, R L / Biankin, A V / Anonymous2410715. ·Cancer Research Program, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Darlinghurst, Australia. ·Ann Oncol · Pubmed #22241899.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Current staging methods for pancreatic cancer (PC) are inadequate, and biomarkers to aid clinical decision making are lacking. Despite the availability of the serum marker carbohydrate antigen 19.9 (CA19.9) for over two decades, its precise role in the management of PC is yet to be defined, and as a consequence, it is not widely used. METHODS: We assessed the relationship between perioperative serum CA19.9 levels, survival and adjuvant chemotherapeutic responsiveness in a cohort of 260 patients who underwent operative resection for PC. RESULTS: By specifically assessing the subgroup of patients with detectable CA19.9, we identified potential utility at key clinical decision points. Low postoperative CA19.9 at 3 months (median survival 25.6 vs 14.8 months, P=0.0052) and before adjuvant chemotherapy were independent prognostic factors. Patients with postoperative CA 19.9 levels>90 U/ml did not benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy (P=0.7194) compared with those with a CA19.9 of ≤90 U/ml (median 26.0 vs 16.7 months, P=0.0108). Normalization of CA19.9 within 6 months of resection was also an independent favorable prognostic factor (median 29.9 vs 14.8 months, P=0.0004) and normal perioperative CA19.9 levels identified a good prognostic group, which was associated with a 5-year survival of 42%. CONCLUSIONS: Perioperative serum CA19.9 measurements are informative in patients with detectable CA19.9 (defined by serum levels of >5 U/ml) and have potential clinical utility in predicting outcome and response to adjuvant chemotherapy. Future clinical trials should prioritize incorporation of CA19.9 measurement at key decision points to prospectively validate these findings and facilitate implementation.

55 Article Multivisceral resection of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours: a report of two cases. 2011

Gundara, Justin S / Alvarado-Bachmann, Raul / Williams, Nicholas / Gananadha, Sivakumar / Gill, Anthony / Hugh, Thomas J / Samra, Jaswinder S. ·Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Royal North Shore Hospital, University of Sydney, St Leonards NSW 2065, Australia. ·World J Surg Oncol · Pubmed #21859472.

ABSTRACT: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (pNETs) are rare and surgical resection offers the only possibility of cure for localised disease. The role of surgery in the setting of locally advanced and metastatic disease is more controversial. Emerging data suggests that synchronous surgical resection of pancreas and liver may be associated with increased survival. We report two cases of synchronous, one stage multivisceral resections for pNET and associated reconstruction. We highlight the technical issues involved in such extensive resections and demonstrate that one stage multivisceral operations can be achieved safely.

56 Article One hundred and seventy-eight consecutive pancreatoduodenectomies without mortality: role of the multidisciplinary approach. 2011

Samra, Jaswinder S / Bachmann, Raul Alvarado / Choi, Julian / Gill, Anthony / Neale, Michael / Puttaswamy, Vikram / Bell, Cameron / Norton, Ian / Cho, Sarah / Blome, Steven / Maher, Ritchie / Gananadha, Sivakumar / Hugh, Thomas J. ·Upper Gastrointestinal Surgical Unit, University of Sydney, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, NSW 2065, Sydney, Australia. jaswinder.samra@optusnet.com.au ·Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int · Pubmed #21813392.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Pancreatoduodenectomy offers the only chance of cure for patients with periampullary cancers. This, however, is a major undertaking in most patients and is associated with a significant morbidity and mortality. A multidisciplinary approach to the workup and follow-up of patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy was initiated at our institution to improve the diagnosis, resection rate, mortality and morbidity. We undertook the study to assess the effect of this approach on diagnosis, resection rates and short-term outcomes such as morbidity and mortality. METHODS: A prospective database of patients presenting with periampullary cancers to a single surgeon between April 2004 and April 2010 was reviewed. All cases were discussed at a multidisciplinary meeting comprising surgeons, gastroenterologists, radiologists, oncologists, radiation oncologists, pathologists and nursing staff. A standardized investigation and management algorithm was followed. Complications were graded according to the Clavien-Dindo classification. RESULTS: A total of 295 patients with a periampullary lesion were discussed and 178 underwent pancreatoduodenectomy (resection rate 60%). Sixty-one patients (34%) required either a vascular or an additional organ resection. Eighty-nine patients experienced complications, of which the commonest was blood transfusion (12%). Thirty-four patients (19%) had major complications, i.e. grade 3 or above. There was no in-hospital, 30-day or 60-day mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Pancreatoduodenectomy can safely be performed in high-volume centers with very low mortality. The surgeon's role should be careful patient selection, intensive preoperative investigations, use of a team approach, and an unbiased discussion at a multidisciplinary meeting to optimize the outcome in these patients.

57 Article The infracolic approach to pancreatoduodenectomy for large pancreatic head tumours invading the colon. 2010

Alvarado-Bachmann, R / Choi, J / Gananadha, S / Hugh, T J / Samra, J S. ·Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Royal North Shore Hospital, University of Sydney, St Leonards, NSW 2065, Australia. ·Eur J Surg Oncol · Pubmed #20843644.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Tumours arising from the head of the pancreas can invade both the proximal transverse colon and its mesocolon. At laparoscopy, this may be considered a contraindication to proceeding to pancreatoduodenectomy. However, in some patients, pancreatoduodenectomy can still be performed with an R0 resection using an en-bloc resection technique by an infracolic approach. METHODS: This technique relies on the infracolic control of the superior mesenteric vein (SMV) and is based on the presence of a normal fat cuff around the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) on pre-operative imaging. The dissection is maintained along the adventitial plane of the SMA. Pancreatoduodenectomy is performed in conjunction with en-bloc resection of the transverse colon. In the event of tumour invading the SMV, this is also resected en-bloc with the pancreatic head and transverse colon. We reviewed all such cases performed at our institution between April 2004 and April 2009. RESULTS: This technique was attempted in eleven patients. In two patients, the procedure had to be abandoned because of unexpected SMA encasement by tumour. In the remaining nine patients this procedure was carried out successfully. In this paper, the infracolic approach to pancreatoduodenectomy, and the associated limitations, are described in detail. CONCLUSION: The infracolic technique may be used to deal with large pancreatic head tumours and all pancreatic surgeons should be familiar with this technique. In the absence of metastatic disease, large pancreatic head tumours involving the colon can be resected en-bloc with the pancreatic head, as long as the SMA is not encased by the tumour.

58 Minor BRAF gene rearrangements can be identified by FISH studies in pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma. 2018

Chou, Angela / Kim, Yoomee / Samra, Jaswinder S / Pajic, Marina / Gill, Anthony J. ·Department of Anatomical Pathology, SydPath, St Vincent's Hospital, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia; Cancer Diagnosis and Pathology Group, Kolling Institute of Medical Research, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, NSW, Australia; University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia; The Kinghorn Cancer Centre and Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia. · Department of Anatomical Pathology, SydPath, St Vincent's Hospital, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia. · University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia; Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Royal North Shore Hospital and North Shore Private Hospital, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia. · The Kinghorn Cancer Centre and Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia; St Vincent's Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine, University of NSW, Australia. · Cancer Diagnosis and Pathology Group, Kolling Institute of Medical Research, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, NSW, Australia; University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia; NSW Health Pathology, Department of Anatomical Pathology, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, NSW, Australia. Electronic address: affgill@med.usyd.edu.au. ·Pathology · Pubmed #29506751.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

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