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Pancreatic Neoplasms: HELP
Articles by Alfredo Romano
Based on 7 articles published since 2009
(Why 7 articles?)
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Between 2009 and 2019, Alfredo Romano wrote the following 7 articles about Pancreatic Neoplasms.
 
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Clinical Trial nab-Paclitaxel plus gemcitabine in metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma: Australian subset analyses of the phase III MPACT trial. 2018

Young, Rosemary / Mainwaring, Paul / Clingan, Philip / Parnis, Francis Xavier / Asghari, Gholamreza / Beale, Philip / Aly, Abdalla / Botteman, Marc / Romano, Alfredo / Ferrara, Stefano / Margunato-Debay, Sandra / Harris, Marion. ·Medical Oncology, Royal Hobart Hospital, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia. · Oncology Unit, Canossa Private Hospital, Oxley, Queensland, Australia. · Medical Oncology, Southern Medical Day Care Centre, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia. · Department of Medical Oncology, Adelaide Cancer Centre (T/A Ashford Cancer Centre), Kurralta Park, South Australia, Australia. · Bankstown Cancer Centre, Bankstown-Lidcombe Hospital, Bankstown, New South Wales, Australia. · Cancer Services and Palliative Care, Sydney Cancer Centre, Concord, New South Wales, Australia. · Real-World Evidence and Data Analytics Center of Excellence, Pharmerit International, Bethesda, Maryland, USA. · Celgene R&D Sarl, Celgene Corporation, Summit, New Jersey, USA. · Familial Cancer Centre, Monash Health, East Bentleigh, Victoria, Australia. ·Asia Pac J Clin Oncol · Pubmed #29932294.

ABSTRACT: AIM: The phase III MPACT trial (N = 861) demonstrated superior overall survival (OS) with first-line nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine versus gemcitabine alone (median, 8.7 months vs 6.6 months; hazard ratio [HR], 0.72; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.62-0.83; P < 0.001) in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer. The efficacy benefit of the combination over gemcitabine alone was observed across patient subgroups, including those based on region. This subset analysis was designed to examine the safety and efficacy of nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine in patients treated in Australia to understand whether differences in patient population or regional variations in patient care had any impact on clinical outcomes. METHODS: Patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer received first-line nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine or gemcitabine alone in the MPACT study; this analysis focused on those treated in Australia. RESULTS: In the Australian cohort, 120 patients were randomized to receive nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine (n = 61) or gemcitabine alone (n = 59). Median OS was 9.4 months with nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine versus 6.7 months with gemcitabine alone (HR, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.44-0.94; P = 0.022). Progression-free survival (median, 5.5 months vs 3.6 months; HR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.42-1.00; P = 0.049) and the overall response rate (23% vs 2%; P < 0.001) were significantly improved with the combination. No new safety signals were observed. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this subset analysis confirm the efficacy and manageable safety profile of nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer treated in Australia.

2 Clinical Trial Efficacy and safety profile of nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer treated to disease progression: a subanalysis from a phase 3 trial (MPACT). 2016

Vogel, Arndt / Römmler-Zehrer, Josefine / Li, Jack Shiansong / McGovern, Desmond / Romano, Alfredo / Stahl, Michael. ·Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Endocrinology, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover, Germany. vogel.arndt@mh-hannover.de. · Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Ltd. Oberarzt der Klinik für Gastroenterologie, Hepatologie & Endokrinologie, Gebäude I11, Ebene H0, Raum 1380, Carl-Neubergstr. 1, 30625, Hannover, Germany. vogel.arndt@mh-hannover.de. · Celgene Corporation, Summit, NJ, USA. · Department of Medical Oncology, Kliniken Essen-Mitte, Essen, Germany. ·BMC Cancer · Pubmed #27769210.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The phase 3 MPACT trial in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer demonstrated superior efficacy of nab-paclitaxel (nab-P) + gemcitabine (Gem) vs Gem monotherapy for all endpoints examined including overall survival, the primary endpoint. In the MPACT trial, patients were treated until progressive disease (PD) or unacceptable toxicity. The current exploratory analysis investigated outcomes of patients from the MPACT trial who were treated until PD, in order to understand how to maximize treatment benefit from nab-P + Gem. METHODS: The trial design has been described in detail previously. Progressive disease was determined by the investigator on the basis of radiological imaging. RESULTS: Among patients who were treated until PD, overall survival was significantly longer for those who received nab-P + Gem vs Gem (median, 9.8 vs 7.5 months; P < 0.001). Independently assessed progression-free survival and overall response rate were significantly greater among patients in the treatment-to-PD cohort who received nab-P + Gem compared with Gem (P < 0.001 for each). Although not compared statistically, patients who were treated until PD received greater treatment exposure and experienced more favourable efficacy than the intent-to-treat population of the MPACT trial. Among patients who were treated with nab-P + Gem until PD, > 50 % went on to receive a subsequent therapy. The safety profile for patients treated until PD was similar to what was reported in the overall MPACT trial. CONCLUSION: The nab-P + Gem regimen is an active first-line treatment option; most patients were treated until PD, and this exposure was associated with improved efficacy outcomes. Prolonged first-line treatment exposure and ability to receive subsequent therapies likely contributed to the improved survival among these patients. Our data highlight the importance of managing adverse events and indicate that patients should be treated until PD when possible. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00844649 (MPACT trial); Registration date of this prospective phase III trial: February 13, 2009; current exploratory subanalysis was conducted retrospectively.

3 Clinical Trial Second-line therapy after nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine or after gemcitabine for patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer. 2016

Chiorean, E Gabriela / Von Hoff, Daniel D / Tabernero, Josep / El-Maraghi, Robert / Ma, Wen Wee / Reni, Michele / Harris, Marion / Whorf, Robert / Liu, Helen / Li, Jack Shiansong / Manax, Victoria / Romano, Alfredo / Lu, Brian / Goldstein, David. ·Division Oncology, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, 825 Eastlake Avenue E, G4-833, Seattle, WA 98109-1023, USA. · Translational Genomics Research Institute and HonorHealth, 445 North Fifth Street, Suite 600, Phoenix, AZ 85004, USA. · Vall d'Hebron Institute of Oncology (VHIO), P Vall d'Hebron 119-129, Barcelona 08035, Spain. · Royal Victoria Hospital Barrie Canada, 201 Georgian Drive, Barrie, Ontario, Canada L4M 6M2. · Roswell Park Cancer Institute, 665 Elm Street, Buffalo, NY 14203, USA. · San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Via Olgetina 60, 20132 Milan, Italy. · Monash Health, 246 Clayton Road, Melbourne VIC 3168, Australia. · Florida Cancer Specialists, 2401 60th Street Ct W, Bradenton, FL 34209-5500, USA. · Celgene Corporation, 86 Morris Avenue, Summit, NJ 07901, USA. · Department of Medical Oncology, Prince of Wales Hospital, South Sydney Illawarra, Barker Street, Sydney NSW 2031, Australia. ·Br J Cancer · Pubmed #27351217.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: This exploratory analysis evaluated second-line (2L) therapy for metastatic pancreatic cancer in a large phase 3 trial (MPACT). METHODS: Patients who received first-line (1L) nab-paclitaxel+gemcitabine (nab-P+Gem) or Gem were assessed for survival based on 2L treatment received. Multivariate analyses tested influence of treatment effect and prognostic factors on survival. RESULTS: The majority of 2L treatments (267 out of 347, 77%) contained a fluoropyrimidine (5-fluorouracil or capecitabine). Median total survival (1L randomisation to death) for patients who received 2L treatment after 1L nab-P+Gem vs Gem alone was 12.8 vs 9.9 months (P=0.015). Median total survival for patients with a fluoropyrimidine-containing 2L therapy after nab-P+Gem vs Gem was 13.5 vs 9.5 months (P=0.012). Median 2L survival (duration from start of 2L therapy to death) was 5.3 vs 4.5 months for nab-P+Gem vs Gem, respectively (P=0.886). Factors significantly associated with longer post-1L survival by multivariate analyses included 1L nab-P+Gem, receiving 2L treatment, longer 1L progression-free survival, and Karnofsky performance status⩾70 and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio⩽5 at the end of 1L treatment. CONCLUSIONS: These findings support the use of 2L therapy for patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer. Fluoropyrimidine-containing treatment after 1L nab-P+Gem is an active regimen with significant clinical effect.

4 Clinical Trial nab-Paclitaxel Plus Gemcitabine Versus Gemcitabine in Patients with Metastatic Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: Canadian Subgroup Analysis of the Phase 3 MPACT Trial. 2016

Tehfe, Mustapha / Dowden, Scot / Kennecke, Hagen / El-Maraghi, Robert / Lesperance, Bernard / Couture, Felix / Letourneau, Richard / Liu, Helen / Romano, Alfredo. ·Centre hospitalier de l'université de Montréal (CHUM), Montreal, QC, Canada. mustapha.tehfe.chum@ssss.gouv.qc.ca. · Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, AB, Canada. · British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver, BC, Canada. · Royal Victoria Regional Health Centre, Barrie, ON, Canada. · Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada. · Centre hospitalier universitaire de Québec (CHUQ), Hôtel-Dieu de Quebec, CHUM, Montreal, QC, Canada. · Centre hospitalier de l'université de Montréal (CHUM), Montreal, QC, Canada. · Celgene Corporation, Summit, NJ, USA. ·Adv Ther · Pubmed #27085323.

ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: The phase III MPACT trial in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer (MPC) demonstrated superior efficacy of nab-paclitaxel (nab-P) plus gemcitabine (Gem) compared with Gem monotherapy, including the primary endpoint of overall survival (OS; median 8.7 vs. 6.6 months; hazard ratio [HR] 0.72; P < 0.001). A significant treatment difference favoring nab-P + Gem over Gem was observed for OS in patients treated in North America. The majority of patients were from the US (88%) with only 12% from Canada. Healthcare systems and treatment patterns are different between the 2 countries, and there is limited published information on outcomes of Canadian patients treated with first-line nab-P + Gem. This analysis evaluated efficacy and safety outcomes in Canadian patients in the MPACT trial. METHODS: Treatment-naive patients with MPC (N = 861) received either nab-P 125 mg/m(2) + Gem 1000 mg/m(2) on days 1, 8, and 15 every 4 weeks or Gem 1000 mg/m(2) weekly for the first 7 of 8 weeks (cycle 1) and then on days 1, 8, and 15 every 4 weeks (cycle ≥2). RESULTS: The MPACT trial enrolled 63 patients in Canada. Baseline characteristics were well balanced and comparable with those of the intent-to-treat population. Both OS (median 11.9 vs. 7.1 months; HR 0.76; P = 0.373) and progression-free survival (median 7.2 vs. 5.2 months; HR 0.65; P = 0.224) were numerically longer and overall response rate (27% vs. 17%; P = 0.312) was numerically higher with nab-P + Gem vs. Gem. The most common grade ≥3 adverse events with nab-P + Gem vs. Gem were neutropenia (22% vs. 10%), fatigue (34% vs. 33%), and neuropathy (25% vs. 0%). CONCLUSION: This subanalysis confirmed that nab-P + Gem is an efficacious treatment option and has a manageable safety profile in patients with MPC treated in Canada. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT00844649. FUNDING: Celgene Corporation, Summit, NJ, USA.

5 Clinical Trial SPARC Expression Did Not Predict Efficacy of nab-Paclitaxel plus Gemcitabine or Gemcitabine Alone for Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer in an Exploratory Analysis of the Phase III MPACT Trial. 2015

Hidalgo, Manuel / Plaza, Carlos / Musteanu, Monica / Illei, Peter / Brachmann, Carrie B / Heise, Carla / Pierce, Daniel / Lopez-Casas, Pedro P / Menendez, Camino / Tabernero, Josep / Romano, Alfredo / Wei, Xinyu / Lopez-Rios, Fernando / Von Hoff, Daniel D. ·Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Oncologicas, Madrid, Spain. mhidalgo@cnio.es mmusteanu@cnio.es. · Laboratorio de Dianas Terapeuticas, Hospital Universitario HM Sanchinarro, HM Hospitales, Madrid, Spain. · Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland. · Celgene Corporation, Summit, New Jersey. · Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Oncologicas, Madrid, Spain. · Vall d'Hebron University Hospital and Institute of Oncology, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. · Celgene Corporation, Boudry, Switzerland. · Virginia G. Piper Cancer Center at Scottsdale Healthcare/TGen, Scottsdale, Arizona. ·Clin Cancer Res · Pubmed #26169969.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: nab-Paclitaxel plus gemcitabine was superior to gemcitabine alone for patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer (MPC) in the phase III MPACT trial. This study evaluated the association of secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) levels with efficacy as an exploratory endpoint. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Patients with previously untreated MPC (N = 861) received nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine or gemcitabine alone. Baseline SPARC level was measured in the tumor stroma and epithelia (archival biopsies) and plasma. Experiments were performed in pancreatic cancer mouse models in which SPARC was intact or deleted. RESULTS: SPARC was measured in the tumor stroma of 256 patients (30%), the tumor epithelia of 301 patients (35%), and plasma of 343 patients (40%). Stroma-evaluable samples were from metastases (71%), from the pancreas (11%), or of unidentifiable origin (insufficient tissue to determine; 17%). For all patients, stromal SPARC level [high (n = 71) vs. low (n = 185)] was not associated with overall survival (OS; HR, 1.019; P = 0.903); multivariate analysis confirmed this lack of association. There was no association between stromal SPARC level and OS in either treatment arm. Neither tumor epithelial SPARC nor plasma SPARC was associated with OS. Results from a SPARC knockout mouse model treated with nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine revealed no correlation between SPARC expression and tumor progression or treatment efficacy. CONCLUSIONS: SPARC levels were not associated with efficacy in patients with MPC. This exploratory analysis does not support making treatment decisions regarding nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine or gemcitabine alone in MPC based on SPARC expression.

6 Clinical Trial nab-Paclitaxel plus gemcitabine for metastatic pancreatic cancer: long-term survival from a phase III trial. 2015

Goldstein, David / El-Maraghi, Robert Hassan / Hammel, Pascal / Heinemann, Volker / Kunzmann, Volker / Sastre, Javier / Scheithauer, Werner / Siena, Salvatore / Tabernero, Josep / Teixeira, Luis / Tortora, Giampaolo / Van Laethem, Jean-Luc / Young, Rosemary / Penenberg, Darryl Neil / Lu, Brian / Romano, Alfredo / Von Hoff, Daniel D. ·Prince of Wales Hospital, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia (DG) · Royal Victoria Regional Health Centre, Barrie, ON, Canada (RHEM) · Hôpital Beaujon, Clichy, France (PH) · Klinikum Grosshadern, University of Munich, Munich, Germany (VH) · Universitätsklinikum Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany (VK) · Hospital Clinico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain (JS) · Medizinische Universität Wien, Wien, Austria (WS) · Ospedale Niguarda Ca' Granda, Milan, Italy (SS) · Vall d'Hebron University Hospital and Institute of Oncology (VHIO), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain (JT) · Hôpital Saint Antoine, Paris, France (LT) · Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata and University of Verona, Verona, Italy (GT) · Hôpital Erasme, Brussels, Belgium (JLVL) · Royal Hobart Hospital, Hobart, Australia (RY) · Celgene Corporation, Summit, NJ (DNP) · Celgene Corporation, Summit, NJ (BL) · Celgene Corporation, Boudry, Switzerland (AR) · Virginia G. Piper Cancer Center at Scottsdale Healthcare/TGen, Scottsdale, AZ (DDVH). ·J Natl Cancer Inst · Pubmed #25638248.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Positive findings from the phase III MPACT trial led to the regulatory approval of nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine as a treatment option for patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer. This report is an update of overall survival (OS) based on longer follow-up. METHODS: Patients (n = 861) with metastatic pancreatic cancer and a Karnofsky performance status of 70 or greater were randomly assigned one to one to receive nab-paclitaxel + gemcitabine or gemcitabine alone. Efficacy data for this post hoc analysis were collected through May 9, 2013. Exploratory analyses of carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were conducted. The primary efficacy endpoint was OS, which was analyzed for all randomly assigned patients by the Kaplan-Meier method. All statistical tests were two-sided. RESULTS: The median OS was statistically significantly longer for nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine vs gemcitabine alone (8.7 vs 6.6 months, hazard ratio [HR] = 0.72, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.62 to 0.83, P < .001). Long-term (>three-year) survivors were identified in the nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine arm only (4%). In pooled treatment arm analyses, higher CA19-9 level and NLR at baseline were statistically significantly associated with worse OS. There appeared to be a treatment effect for OS favoring nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine over gemcitabine alone in poor-prognosis subgroups defined by these factors (HR = 0.612, P < .001 for CA19-9 level ≥ median and HR = 0.81, P = .079 for NLR > 5). CONCLUSIONS: These data confirm and extend the primary report of OS, supporting the superior efficacy of nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine over gemcitabine alone. Subgroup analyses support the relevance of CA 19-9 and NLR as prognostic markers in metastatic pancreatic cancer.

7 Clinical Trial Prognostic factors of survival in a randomized phase III trial (MPACT) of weekly nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine versus gemcitabine alone in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer. 2015

Tabernero, Josep / Chiorean, E Gabriela / Infante, Jeffrey R / Hingorani, Sunil R / Ganju, Vinod / Weekes, Colin / Scheithauer, Werner / Ramanathan, Ramesh K / Goldstein, David / Penenberg, Darryl N / Romano, Alfredo / Ferrara, Stefano / Von Hoff, Daniel D. ·Medical Oncology Department, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital and Institute of Oncology, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Division of Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA; Department of Oncology/Hematology, Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Nashville, Tennessee, USA; Clinical Research Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, USA; Department of Oncology, Peninsula Oncology Centre, Monash University, Frankston, Victoria, Australia; Division of Medical Oncology, University of Colorado Cancer Center, Aurora, Colorado, USA; Division of Clinical Oncology, Medizinische Universität Wien, Vienna, Austria; Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, Arizona, USA; Department of Oncology, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, New South Wales, Sydney, Australia; Celgene Corporation, Summit, New Jersey, USA; Department of Oncology, Virginia G. Piper Cancer Center at Scottsdale Healthcare/TGen, Scottsdale, Arizona, USA jtabernero@vhio.net. · Medical Oncology Department, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital and Institute of Oncology, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Division of Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA; Department of Oncology/Hematology, Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Nashville, Tennessee, USA; Clinical Research Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, USA; Department of Oncology, Peninsula Oncology Centre, Monash University, Frankston, Victoria, Australia; Division of Medical Oncology, University of Colorado Cancer Center, Aurora, Colorado, USA; Division of Clinical Oncology, Medizinische Universität Wien, Vienna, Austria; Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, Arizona, USA; Department of Oncology, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, New South Wales, Sydney, Australia; Celgene Corporation, Summit, New Jersey, USA; Department of Oncology, Virginia G. Piper Cancer Center at Scottsdale Healthcare/TGen, Scottsdale, Arizona, USA. ·Oncologist · Pubmed #25582141.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: nab-Paclitaxel in combination with gemcitabine has emerged as a new treatment option for patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer (MPC), based on superiority over gemcitabine demonstrated in the phase III MPACT trial. Previously, Karnofsky performance status (KPS) score and the presence of liver metastases were shown to be predictive of survival with nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine treatment. This analysis sought to further explore the relationship between clinical characteristics and survival in the MPACT trial and to identify potential predictors of overall survival and progression-free survival in patients with MPC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cox regression models adjusted for stratification factors and a stepwise multivariate analysis of prespecified baseline prognostic factors were performed. RESULTS: Treatment effect was significantly associated with survival, with a similar magnitude of reduction in risk of death compared with the previously reported primary analysis. Treatment effect consistently favored nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine across the majority of the prespecified factors. In addition to KPS score and presence of liver metastases, age and number of metastatic sites were independent prognostic factors of overall and progression-free survival. Baseline carbohydrate antigen 19-9 was not found to be an independent prognostic factor of survival in this analysis. CONCLUSION: The results of this analysis confirm broad utility of nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine for the treatment of MPC. In addition, these findings suggest that KPS score, presence of liver metastases, age, and number of metastatic sites are important predictors of survival that may be useful when making treatment decisions and designing future clinical trials.