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Pancreatic Neoplasms: HELP
Articles by Alessia Rognone
Based on 6 articles published since 2010
(Why 6 articles?)

Between 2010 and 2020, Alessia Rognone wrote the following 6 articles about Pancreatic Neoplasms.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Clinical Trial Adjuvant PEFG (cisplatin, epirubicin, 5-fluorouracil, gemcitabine) or gemcitabine followed by chemoradiation in pancreatic cancer: a randomized phase II trial. 2012

Reni, Michele / Balzano, Gianpaolo / Aprile, Giuseppe / Cereda, Stefano / Passoni, Paolo / Zerbi, Alessandro / Tronconi, Maria Chiara / Milandri, Carlo / Saletti, Piercarlo / Rognone, Alessia / Fugazza, Clara / Magli, Alessandro / Di Muzio, Nadia / Di Carlo, Valerio / Villa, Eugenio. ·Department of Oncology, S. Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy. reni.michele@hsr.it ·Ann Surg Oncol · Pubmed #22237835.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Information from randomized trials on the role of combination chemotherapy in the adjuvant treatment of pancreatic adenocarcinoma is limited. This randomized phase II trial aimed to identify the most promising regimen warranting phase III evaluation. METHODS: Therapy-naive patients, age 18-75 years, Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS)>60, gross total resection of stage IB-III pancreatic adenocarcinoma, stratified for center and surgical margins, were randomly assigned to receive either gemcitabine 1 g/m2 weekly on days 1, 8, and 15 (arm A) or the PEFG regimen (cisplatin and epirubicin 40 mg/m2, day 1; gemcitabine 600 mg/m2, days 1, 8; 5-fluorouracil 200 mg/m2 daily, days 1-28) (arm B). Chemotherapy was administered every 4 weeks for 3 months and followed by irradiation concurrent to continuous infusion of 5-fluorouracil 250 mg/m2 daily. Primary endpoint was the probability of being disease-free at 1 year from surgery. Assuming P0=35% and P1=55%, α=.05 and β=.10, the study was to enroll 51 patients per arm. RESULTS: A total of 102 patients were randomized; 100 were eligible (arm A: 51; arm B: 49). Baseline characteristic (A/B) were: Median age was 61/60 years; 75% had KPS>80 75/76%; 36% grade 3 tumor 29/43%, 79% stage IIB/III 75/84%, 31% R1 resection 35/29%. Survival figures (A/B) were: Median disease-free survival was 11.7 and 15.2 months; 1-year disease-free survival 49.0% (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 35-63%) and 69.4% (95% CI 56-83%); median survival 24.8 and 28.9 months. Combination chemotherapy produced more hematological toxicity without relevant differences in nonhematological toxicities. CONCLUSIONS: The 4-drug regimen deserves further assessment in resectable pancreatic cancer.

2 Clinical Trial A randomized phase II trial of two different 4-drug combinations in advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma: cisplatin, capecitabine, gemcitabine plus either epirubicin or docetaxel (PEXG or PDXG regimen). 2012

Reni, Michele / Cereda, Stefano / Rognone, Alessia / Belli, Carmen / Ghidini, Michele / Longoni, Simonetta / Fugazza, Clara / Rezzonico, Sara / Passoni, Paolo / Slim, Najla / Balzano, Giampaolo / Nicoletti, Roberto / Cappio, Stefano / Doglioni, Claudio / Villa, Eugenio. ·Department of Oncology, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, via Olgettina 60, 20132 Milan, Italy. reni.michele@hsr.it ·Cancer Chemother Pharmacol · Pubmed #21626049.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: PEFG regimen (P:cisplatin, E:epirubicin, F:5-fluorouracil, G:gemcitabine) significantly prolonged progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of patients with advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PA) with respect to standard gemcitabine. The current trial was aimed at assessing whether the replacement of E with docetaxel (D) may improve 6 months PFS (PFS6). METHODS: Chemo-naive patients with stage III or metastatic PA received P (30 mg/m(2) day 1 and 15), G (800 mg/m(2) day 1 and 15), and capecitabine (1,250 mg/m(2)/day days 1-28, without a break) and were randomized to receive either D at 25-30 mg/m(2) day 1 and 15 (arm A: PDXG regimen) or E at 30 mg/m(2) day 1 and 15 (arm B: PEXG regimen). Cycles were repeated every 28 days for a maximum of 6 months. The Fleming design was used to calculate the sample size on the probability of being PFS6. Assuming P0 = 40% and P1 = 60%, α = 0.05 and β = 0.10; the study was to enroll 52 patients per arm. RESULTS: Between July 2005 and September 2008, 105 patients were enrolled, stratified by stage and randomized. Patients' characteristics were (A/B) the following: median age 61/59, PS >70 92/88%, metastatic disease 66/65%. PFS6 was 58%, and median OS was 11 months in both arms. A partial response was observed in 60/37% of patients. Main per cycle G3-4 toxicity was the following: neutropenia 4/13%, thrombocytopenia 2/4%, anemia 4/4%, and fatigue 6/3%. CONCLUSIONS: The inclusion of D instead of E yielded more objective response and less G3-4 neutropenia but did not improve PFS and OS. The present trial confirms the relevant impact on outcome of advanced PA of 4-drug regimens.

3 Clinical Trial Salvage therapy with mitomycin and ifosfamide in patients with gemcitabine-resistant metastatic pancreatic cancer: a phase II trial. 2011

Cereda, Stefano / Reni, Michele / Rognone, Alessia / Fugazza, Clara / Ghidini, Michele / Ceraulo, Domenica / Brioschi, Matteo / Nicoletti, Roberto / Villa, Eugenio. ·Department of Oncology, S. Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy. ·Chemotherapy · Pubmed #21454973.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: At the time of upfront treatment failure, over half of the patients with advanced pancreatic cancer are candidates for further treatment. METHODS: Patients with metastatic gemcitabine-resistant pancreatic cancer were treated with mitomycin 8 mg/m(2) on day 1, ifosfamide 2,500 mg/m(2) and mesna 3,000 mg/m(2) on days 1-3 every 28 days until progressive disease. A positive responder was defined as a patient who was progression free at 6 months from trial enrollment. According to the Fleming design, a sample size of 34 patients was estimated assuming p0 = 0.05 and p1 = 0.20. RESULTS: Between May 2006 and December 2007, 21 patients (median age 56 years; median Karnofsky performance score 80) were enrolled. One patient died before receiving any treatment. Eighteen patients interrupted chemotherapy due to progressive disease (n = 15), toxicity (n = 2) or refusal (n = 1). Grade >2 toxicity consisted of neutropenia in 80% of patients, thrombocytopenia and fatigue in 20% and anemia in 10%. Only 1 patient was progression free at 6 months (5%). One patient had a partial response (5%) and 2 patients had stable disease (10%). Median survival was 3.7 months. CONCLUSION: Based on the poor outcome observed and on the high level of grade 3-4 toxicity, the trial was prematurely stopped and the mitomycin and ifosfamide regimen was considered insufficiently active in gemcitabine-pretreated advanced pancreatic cancer.

4 Article Treatment trends in metastatic pancreatic cancer patients: Is it time to change? 2011

Reni, Michele / Pasetto, Lara Maria / Passardi, Alessandro / Milella, Michele / Mambrini, Andrea / Cereda, Stefano / Aprile, Giuseppe / Tronconi, Maria Chiara / Berardi, Rossana / Cordio, Stefano / Sartori, Nora / Rognone, Alessia / Pederzoli, Paolo / Falconi, Massimo. ·Department of Oncology, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Via olgettina 60, Milan, Italy. reni.michele@hsr.it ·Dig Liver Dis · Pubmed #21044873.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Since gemcitabine became the standard treatment for metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma, combination chemotherapy obtained conflicting impact on survival (OS). AIMS: To evaluate Italian treatment trends in metastatic pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Data on treatment outcome of 943 chemo-naive patients with pathological diagnosis of stage IV pancreatic adenocarcinoma treated between 1997 and 2007 in Italian centres were analysed. RESULTS: Four treatment groups could be identified: (1) single agent gemcitabine (N=529); (2) gemcitabine-platinating agent doublets (N=105); (3) gemcitabine-free three-drug intraarterial combination (N=75); (4) four-drug gemcitabine-cisplatin-fluoropyrimidine based combinations (N=170). Median and actuarial 1 y OS of the whole population were 6.2 months and 20%, respectively. Gemcitabine (median OS 5.1 months) appeared significantly inferior to gemcitabine-free triplets (median OS 6.0 months; p=.04), gemcitabine-platinating agent doublets (median OS 7.4 months; p=.00001), or gemcitabine-based four drug combinations (median OS 9.1 months; p<.00001). CONCLUSION: These data mirror the Italian clinical practice in the therapeutic management of pancreatic cancer and suggest that four-drug combination chemotherapy may be included amongst the candidate regimens for phase III testing.

5 Article XELIRI or FOLFIRI as salvage therapy in advanced pancreatic cancer. 2010

Cereda, Stefano / Reni, Michele / Rognone, Alessia / Ghidini, Michele / Belli, Carmen / Longoni, Simona / Fugazza, Clara / Brioschi, Matteo / Nicoletti, Roberto / Balzano, Gianpaolo / Passoni, Paolo / Villa, Eugenio. ·Department of Oncology, S Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy. ·Anticancer Res · Pubmed #21115942.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: More than half of patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PA) are candidates for further treatment when they experience upfront treatment failure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with gemcitabine-resistant PA, age <76 years and Karnofski performance status (KPS) >50 were treated with a XELIRI or FOLFIRI regimen until progressive disease or a maximum of six months. As this was an observational study, no statistical design was performed. RESULTS: Between July 2007 and December 2009, 34 patients (median age 60 years; median KPS 90) were treated with XELIRI (26) or FOLFIRI (8) regimen. Grade >2 toxicity consisted of neutropenia in 9% of patients, anemia and fatigue in 3% and hand-foot syndrome in 12%. Median progression-free survival was two months (range 1-4). Maximum response was stable disease in four patients (12%). Median survival was 4.2 (range 1-15) months. CONCLUSION: Fluoropyrimidine and irinotecan combination does not seem to have any role in the treatment of gemcitabine-resistant PA.

6 Article An Italian study on treatment trends and outcomes of patients with stage III pancreatic adenocarcinoma in the gemcitabine era: is it time to change? 2010

Reni, Michele / Sartori, Nora / Mambrini, Andrea / Berardi, Rossana / Passardi, Alessandro / Milella, Michele / Cereda, Stefano / Tronconi, Maria Chiara / Aprile, Giuseppe / Cordio, Stefano / Pasetto, Lara Maria / Rognone, Alessia / Pederzoli, Paolo / Falconi, Massimo. ·Department of Oncology, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, via Olgettina 60, Milan, Italy. reni.michele@hsr.it ·Anticancer Drugs · Pubmed #20110805.

ABSTRACT: A series of 650 patients treated between 1997 and 2007 at 10 Italian centers was analyzed to assess treatment trends and efficacy in stage III pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Data on patient characteristics, treatment and outcomes were collected. The inclusion criteria were pathological diagnosis of stage III pancreatic adenocarcinoma; age more than 18 years, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status less than 3, and no past therapy. Most patients (95%) received up-front chemotherapy, which mainly consisted of gemcitabine alone (N=323), gemcitabine-based four-drug combinations (N=107), gemcitabine-platinum compound doublets (N=87), or intra-arterial gemcitabine-free triplets (N=57). The use of gemcitabine-platinum compound doublets increased over time (1997-2001: 2%; 2002-2007: 21%) whereas an inverse trend was observed for gemcitabine (71-61%). No overall survival (OS) difference was observed between patients enrolled in clinical trials and those not enrolled. The median and 1-year OS were 9.5 months and 35.5% for patients treated with gemcitabine; 8.9 months and 36.8% for those treated with gemcitabine-free intra-arterial triplets; 13.3 months and 55.8% for those treated with gemcitabine-platinating agent doublets; and 16.2 months and 62.6% for those treated with gemcitabine-based four-drug combinations. Moreover, the median and 1-year OS were 12.7 months and 51.4% in patients who underwent planned consolidation chemoradiation, and 8.4 months and 30.4% in patients who did not. The use of a strategy consisting of a gemcitabine-platinating agent containing chemotherapy followed by consolidation chemoradiation has been increasing over time and may represent a suitable choice in the therapeutic management of stage III pancreatic adenocarcinoma.