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Pancreatic Neoplasms: HELP
Articles by Andrea Rockall
Based on 3 articles published since 2009
(Why 3 articles?)

Between 2009 and 2019, A. Rockall wrote the following 3 articles about Pancreatic Neoplasms.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Guideline Guidelines for the management of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine (including carcinoid) tumours (NETs). 2012

Ramage, John K / Ahmed, A / Ardill, J / Bax, N / Breen, D J / Caplin, M E / Corrie, P / Davar, J / Davies, A H / Lewington, V / Meyer, T / Newell-Price, J / Poston, G / Reed, N / Rockall, A / Steward, W / Thakker, R V / Toubanakis, C / Valle, J / Verbeke, C / Grossman, A B / Anonymous3000709. ·Basingstoke and North Hampshire Hospital, Aldermaston Road, Basingstoke RG24 9NA, UK. john.ramage@bnhft.nhs.uk ·Gut · Pubmed #22052063.

ABSTRACT: These guidelines update previous guidance published in 2005. They have been revised by a group who are members of the UK and Ireland Neuroendocrine Tumour Society with endorsement from the clinical committees of the British Society of Gastroenterology, the Society for Endocrinology, the Association of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland (and its Surgical Specialty Associations), the British Society of Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Radiology and others. The authorship represents leaders of the various groups in the UK and Ireland Neuroendocrine Tumour Society, but a large amount of work has been carried out by other specialists, many of whom attended a guidelines conference in May 2009. We have attempted to represent this work in the acknowledgements section. Over the past few years, there have been advances in the management of neuroendocrine tumours, which have included clearer characterisation, more specific and therapeutically relevant diagnosis, and improved treatments. However, there remain few randomised trials in the field and the disease is uncommon, hence all evidence must be considered weak in comparison with other more common cancers.

2 Review Therapeutic monitoring of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors: the challenges ahead. 2012

Sundin, Anders / Rockall, Andrea. ·Department of Radiology, Karolinska University Hospital, Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden. anders.sundin @ ki.se ·Neuroendocrinology · Pubmed #22907438.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), a heterogeneous family of tumors arising in a variety of anatomic sites, are generally well differentiated and often metastatic at diagnosis. Morphologic and functional imaging modalities have vastly improved the understanding and diagnosis of NETs. However, use of conventional imaging techniques and response criteria to assess treatment response is often complicated by the clinical course and cytostatic nature of oncologic treatments for NETs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The means of therapeutic monitoring discussed in this review were based on a PubMed search of the medical literature and on the clinical expertise of the authors. RESULTS: Morphology-based criteria for assessing tumor response in general oncology are presented, along with their limitations for assessing response in gastrointestinal and pancreatic NETs. Functional imaging and preliminary response criteria incorporating functional imaging are presented as possible solutions to monitoring treatment response in NETs. CONCLUSIONS: Morphology-based criteria to assess tumor response have limitations for NETs, which are often slow growing and frequently demonstrate low response rates when based on conventional radiological criteria. Furthermore, many NET treatments do not induce cytotoxic effects despite demonstrated clinical benefit. Novel imaging techniques are available which have the potential to measure changes in tumor physiology and metabolism. These include (68)Ga-labelled somatostatin analogs for PET/CT-based monitoring of NET, molecular imaging with PET tracers that are not based on somatostatin receptor targeting, and functional MRI. These techniques should be explored as options for monitoring treatment in patients with NET.

3 Article Diagnosis and localisation of insulinoma: the value of modern magnetic resonance imaging in conjunction with calcium stimulation catheterisation. 2010

Druce, Maralyn R / Muthuppalaniappan, Vasantha M / O'Leary, Benjamin / Chew, Shern L / Drake, William M / Monson, John P / Akker, Scott A / Besser, Michael / Sahdev, Anju / Rockall, Andrea / Vyas, Soumil / Bhattacharya, Satya / Matson, Matthew / Berney, Daniel / Reznek, R H / Grossman, Ashley B. ·Department of Endocrinology, Barts and the London Medical School, St Bartholomew's Hospital, London, UK. maralyn.druce@bartsandthelondon.nhs.uk ·Eur J Endocrinol · Pubmed #20207727.

ABSTRACT: CONTEXT: Preoperative localisation of insulinoma improves cure rate and reduces complications, but may be challenging. OBJECTIVE: To review diagnostic features and localisation accuracy for insulinomas. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, retrospective analysis. SETTING: A single tertiary referral centre. PATIENTS: Patients with insulinoma in the years 1990-2009, including sporadic tumours and those in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia syndromes. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were identified from a database, and case notes and investigation results were reviewed. Tumour localisation by computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), octreotide scanning, endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and calcium stimulation was evaluated. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Insulinoma localisation was compared to histologically confirmed location following surgical excision. RESULTS: Thirty-seven instances of biochemically and/or histologically proven insulinoma were identified in 36 patients, of which seven were managed medically. Of the 30 treated surgically, 25 had CT (83.3%) and 28 had MRI (90.3%), with successful localisation in 16 (64%) by CT and 21 (75%) by MRI respectively. Considered together, such imaging correctly localised 80% of lesions. Radiolabelled octreotide scanning was positive in 10 out of 20 cases (50%); EUS correctly identified 17 lesions in 26 patients (65.4%). Twenty-seven patients had calcium stimulation testing, of which 6 (22%) did not localise, 17 (63%) were correctly localised, and 4 (15%) gave discordant or confusing results. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative localisation of insulinomas remains challenging. A pragmatic combination of CT and especially MRI predicts tumour localisation with high accuracy. Radionuclide imaging and EUS were less helpful but may be valuable in selected cases. Calcium stimulation currently remains useful in providing an additional functional perspective.