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Pancreatic Neoplasms: HELP
Articles by William H. H. Reece
Based on 2 articles published since 2008

Between 2008 and 2019, William Reece wrote the following 2 articles about Pancreatic Neoplasms.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Clinical Trial Impact of gemcitabine chemotherapy and 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy/5-fluorouracil on quality of life of patients managed for pancreatic cancer. 2013

Short, Michala / Goldstein, David / Halkett, Georgia / Reece, William / Borg, Martin / Zissiadis, Yvonne / Kneebone, Andrew / Spry, Nigel. ·Discipline of Medical Radiation Sciences, University of Sydney, and Department of Medical Oncology, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. ·Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys · Pubmed #22543205.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To report quality of life (QOL) results for patients receiving chemoradiation therapy for pancreatic cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Eligible patients (n=41 locally advanced, n=22 postsurgery) entered the B9E-AY-S168 study and received 1 cycle of induction gemcitabine (1000 mg/m2 weekly ×3 with 1-week break) followed by 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (RT) (54 Gy locally advanced and 45 Gy postsurgery) and concomitant continuous-infusion 5-fluorouracil (5FU) (200 mg/m2/d throughout RT). After 4 weeks, patients received an additional 3 cycles of consolidation gemcitabine chemotherapy. Patients completed the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-C30 and QLQ-PAN26 questionnaires at baseline, before RT/5FU, at end of RT/5FU, before consolidation gemcitabine, and at treatment completion. RESULTS: The patterns of change in global QOL scores differed between groups. In the locally advanced group global QOL scores were +13, +8, +3, and +1 compared with baseline before RT/5FU (P=.008), at end of RT/5FU, before consolidation gemcitabine, and at treatment completion, respectively. In the postsurgery group, global QOL scores were -3, +4, +15, and +17 compared with baseline at the same time points, with a significant improvement in global QOL before consolidation gemcitabine (P=.03). No significant declines in global QOL were reported by either cohort. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that global QOL and associated function and symptom profiles for pancreatic chemoradiation therapy differ between locally advanced and postsurgery patients, likely owing to differences in underlying disease status. For both groups, the treatment protocol was well tolerated and did not have a negative impact on patients' global QOL.

2 Clinical Trial 3D radiotherapy can be safely combined with sandwich systemic gemcitabine chemotherapy in the management of pancreatic cancer: factors influencing outcome. 2008

Spry, Nigel / Harvey, Jennifer / Macleod, Craig / Borg, Martin / Ngan, Samuel Y / Millar, Jeremy L / Graham, Peter / Zissiadis, Yvonne / Kneebone, Andrew / Carroll, Susan / Davies, Terri / Reece, William H H / Iacopetta, Barry / Goldstein, David. ·Department of Radiation Oncology, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands, WA, Australia. Nigel.Spry@health.wa.gov.au ·Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys · Pubmed #18164859.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: The aim of this Phase II study was to examine whether concurrent continuous infusion 5-fluorouracil (CI 5FU) plus three-dimensional conformal planning radiotherapy sandwiched between gemcitabine chemotherapy is effective, tolerable, and safe in the management of pancreatic cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients were enrolled in two strata: (1) resected pancreatic cancer at high risk of local relapse (postsurgery arm, n = 22) or (2) inoperable pancreatic cancer in head or body without metastases (locally advanced arm, n = 41). Gemcitabine was given at 1,000 mg/m(2) weekly for 3 weeks followed by 1 week rest then 5-6 weeks of radiotherapy and concurrent CI 5FU (200 mg/m(2)/day). After 4 weeks' rest, gemcitabine treatment was reinitiated for 12 weeks. RESULTS: For the two arms combined, treatment-related Grade 3 and 4 toxicities were reported by 25 (39.7%) and 7 (11.1%) patients, respectively. No significant late renal or hepatic toxicity was observed. In the postsurgery arm (R1 54.5%), median time to progressive disease from surgery was 11.0 months, median time to failure of local control was 32.9 months, and median survival time was 15.6 months. The 1- and 2-year survival rates were 63.6% and 31.8%. No significant associations between outcome and mutations in K-ras or TP53 or microsatellite instability were identified. Post hoc investigation of cancer antigen 19-9 levels found baseline levels and increases postbaseline were associated with shorter survival (p = 0.0061 and p < 0.0001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: This three-dimensional chemoradiotherapy regimen is safe and promising, with encouraging local control for a substantial proportion of patients, and merits testing in a randomized trial.