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Pancreatic Neoplasms: HELP
Articles by Sushanth Reddy
Based on 10 articles published since 2009
(Why 10 articles?)

Between 2009 and 2019, Sushanth Reddy wrote the following 10 articles about Pancreatic Neoplasms.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Guideline Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma, Version 2.2017, NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology. 2017

Tempero, Margaret A / Malafa, Mokenge P / Al-Hawary, Mahmoud / Asbun, Horacio / Bain, Andrew / Behrman, Stephen W / Benson, Al B / Binder, Ellen / Cardin, Dana B / Cha, Charles / Chiorean, E Gabriela / Chung, Vincent / Czito, Brian / Dillhoff, Mary / Dotan, Efrat / Ferrone, Cristina R / Hardacre, Jeffrey / Hawkins, William G / Herman, Joseph / Ko, Andrew H / Komanduri, Srinadh / Koong, Albert / LoConte, Noelle / Lowy, Andrew M / Moravek, Cassadie / Nakakura, Eric K / O'Reilly, Eileen M / Obando, Jorge / Reddy, Sushanth / Scaife, Courtney / Thayer, Sarah / Weekes, Colin D / Wolff, Robert A / Wolpin, Brian M / Burns, Jennifer / Darlow, Susan. · ·J Natl Compr Canc Netw · Pubmed #28784865.

ABSTRACT: Ductal adenocarcinoma and its variants account for most pancreatic malignancies. High-quality multiphase imaging can help to preoperatively distinguish between patients eligible for resection with curative intent and those with unresectable disease. Systemic therapy is used in the neoadjuvant or adjuvant pancreatic cancer setting, as well as in the management of locally advanced unresectable and metastatic disease. Clinical trials are critical for making progress in treatment of pancreatic cancer. The NCCN Guidelines for Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma focus on diagnosis and treatment with systemic therapy, radiation therapy, and surgical resection.

2 Review Solid pseudopapillary neoplasms of the pancreas. 2009

Reddy, Sushanth / Wolfgang, Christopher L. ·John L. Cameron Division of Surgical Oncology, The Sol Goldman Pancreatic Cancer Research Center, Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, 606 Blalock Building, 600 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. ·Adv Surg · Pubmed #19845185.

ABSTRACT: SPN is a rare neoplasm that affects mainly young women. Despite this feature, SPN have been seen in both genders, multiple races, and at a wide range of ages. The genetic mechanism behind the development of SPN is distinct from the more lethal ductal carcinoma of the pancreas. This difference is reflected in the favorable outcome for patients with SPN. Surgery is typically curative in patents with localized disease and possibly in patients with limited metastasis or local extension. No consensus exists on an effective systemic therapy. There are no reliable predictors for disease-specific mortality or recurrence in the minority of patients who develop aggressive disease.

3 Review The role of surgery in the management of isolated metastases to the pancreas. 2009

Reddy, Sushanth / Wolfgang, Christopher L. ·Department of Surgery and the Sol Goldman Pancreatic Cancer Research Center of the Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, Johns Hopkins Hospital, MD, USA. ·Lancet Oncol · Pubmed #19261257.

ABSTRACT: Metastasectomy with curative intent has become standard practice for the management of some malignancies. Resection of isolated metastatic colorectal cancer, gastrointestinal stromal tumours, neuroendocrine cancers, renal-cell cancer and sarcoma is associated with longer survival or even cure. The strongest evidence in favour of metastasectomy exists for colorectal cancer, in which resection of limited metastatic disease in some patients is associated with 5-year survival rates of more than 50%.(1-3) High incidence of the disease, predictable tumour biology, and development of successful chemotherapies have encouraged metastasectomy. Furthermore, improved safety of complex surgeries over the past several decades has lowered the threshold for more aggressive surgical intervention. Most literature on metastasectomy pertains to the resection of disease involving the liver, lung, and brain. However, metastasectomy has been described for almost every organ system, including the pancreas. In this Review, we discuss resection of isolated cancer metastases to the pancreas. Pancreatic metastasectomy is most often done through a formal pancreatic resection such as pancreaticoduodenectomy or distal pancreatectomy. Less often, pancreatic metastasectomy is done by enucleation or a pancreas sparing operation such as a central pancreatectomy.

4 Article Increased pancreatic cancer survival with greater lymph node retrieval in the National Cancer Data Base. 2017

Contreras, Carlo M / Lin, Chee Paul / Oster, Robert A / Reddy, Sushanth / Wang, Thomas / Vickers, Selwyn / Heslin, Martin. ·University of Alabama at Birmingham, Department of Surgery, Birmingham, AL, USA. Electronic address: ccontreras@uabmc.edu. · University of Alabama at Birmingham, Center for Clinical and Translational Science, Birmingham, AL, USA. · University of Alabama at Birmingham, Department of Preventive Medicine, Birmingham, AL, USA. · University of Alabama at Birmingham, Department of Surgery, Birmingham, AL, USA. ·Am J Surg · Pubmed #28687101.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: We evaluated the role of lymph node (LN) retrieval in pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PA) patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). METHODS: We utilized the National Cancer Data Base; Cox regression models and logistic regression models were used for statistical evaluation. RESULTS: We evaluated 26,792 patients with PA who underwent PD. The mean LN retrieved in LN(-) patients was 10.8 vs 14.4 for LN(+) patients (P < 0.0001). Greater LN retrieval is an independent predictor of a negative microscopic margin and decreased length of stay. The median survival of LN(-) patients exceeded that of LN(+) patients (24.5 vs 15.1 months, P < 0.0001). Increasing LN retrieval is a significant predictor of survival in all patients, and in LN(-) patients. The relationship of increased LN retrieval and enhanced survival is a nearly linear trend. CONCLUSIONS: Rather than demonstrating an inflection point that defines the extent of adequate lymphadenectomy, this dataset demonstrates an incremental relationship between LN retrieval and survival.

5 Article Impact of the time interval between MDCT imaging and surgery on the accuracy of identifying metastatic disease in patients with pancreatic cancer. 2015

Raman, Siva P / Reddy, Sushanth / Weiss, Matthew J / Manos, Lindsey L / Cameron, John L / Zheng, Lei / Herman, Joseph M / Hruban, Ralph H / Fishman, Elliot K / Wolfgang, Christopher L. ·1 Department of Radiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, JHOC 3251, 601 N Caroline St, Baltimore, MD 21287. ·AJR Am J Roentgenol · Pubmed #25539271.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is a rapidly progressive malignancy characterized by its tendency for early metastatic spread. MDCT is the primary diagnostic modality for the preoperative staging of patients with pancreatic cancer, with an accuracy established in multiple studies. However, for a variety of reasons, there is often a prolonged interval between staging MDCT and the surgical intervention. This study examines the relationship between the interval between imaging and surgery and the accuracy of MDCT in determining the presence or absence of metastatic disease at surgery in patients with pancreatic cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were identified who had undergone surgery for pancreatic cancer at our institution with a dedicated preoperative pancreas-protocol MDCT performed in our department. Findings from the preoperative MDCT report were correlated with the operative findings, as well as the time between imaging and surgery. RESULTS: Two hundred ninety-two MDCT scans were performed on 256 patients who underwent exploration for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. The patients had a median age of 67 years (range, 30-95 years), and 51.6% (132/256) were male. The median time between MDCT and surgical exploration was 15.5 days (range, 1-198 days). MDCT correctly predicted the absence of metastatic disease at surgery in 233 of 274 (85.0%) studies. MDCT was more accurate in predicting the absence of metastatic disease if the study was performed within 25 days of surgery than it was if the study was performed within more than 25 days of surgery (89.3% vs 77.0%; p = 0.0097). Furthermore, regression models showed that the negative predictive value of a given MDCT significantly decreased after approximately 4 weeks. CONCLUSION: MDCT is an accurate method to stage patients with pancreatic cancer, but its accuracy in excluding distant metastatic disease depreciates over time. Patients should undergo a repeat MDCT within 25 days of any planned definitive operative intervention for pancreatic cancer to avoid unexpectedly finding metastatic disease at surgery.

6 Article Pancreatic adenocarcinoma, version 2.2014: featured updates to the NCCN guidelines. 2014

Tempero, Margaret A / Malafa, Mokenge P / Behrman, Stephen W / Benson, Al B / Casper, Ephraim S / Chiorean, E Gabriela / Chung, Vincent / Cohen, Steven J / Czito, Brian / Engebretson, Anitra / Feng, Mary / Hawkins, William G / Herman, Joseph / Hoffman, John P / Ko, Andrew / Komanduri, Srinadh / Koong, Albert / Lowy, Andrew M / Ma, Wen Wee / Merchant, Nipun B / Mulvihill, Sean J / Muscarella, Peter / Nakakura, Eric K / Obando, Jorge / Pitman, Martha B / Reddy, Sushanth / Sasson, Aaron R / Thayer, Sarah P / Weekes, Colin D / Wolff, Robert A / Wolpin, Brian M / Burns, Jennifer L / Freedman-Cass, Deborah A. ·From UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Moffitt Cancer Center; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Duke Cancer Institute; Pancreatic Cancer Action Network (PanCAN); University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; Stanford Cancer Institute; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffett Cancer Center at The Nebraska Medical Center; University of Colorado Cancer Center; The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center; Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network. ·J Natl Compr Canc Netw · Pubmed #25099441.

ABSTRACT: The NCCN Guidelines for Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma discuss the diagnosis and management of adenocarcinomas of the exocrine pancreas and are intended to assist with clinical decision-making. These NCCN Guidelines Insights summarize major discussion points from the 2014 NCCN Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma Panel meeting. The panel discussion focused mainly on the management of borderline resectable and locally advanced disease. In particular, the panel discussed the definition of borderline resectable disease, role of neoadjuvant therapy in borderline disease, role of chemoradiation in locally advanced disease, and potential role of newer, more active chemotherapy regimens in both settings.

7 Article Histopathologic basis for the favorable survival after resection of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm-associated invasive adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. 2010

Poultsides, George A / Reddy, Sushanth / Cameron, John L / Hruban, Ralph H / Pawlik, Timothy M / Ahuja, Nita / Jain, Ajay / Edil, Barish H / Iacobuzio-Donahue, Christine A / Schulick, Richard D / Wolfgang, Christopher L. ·Department of Surgery, Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA. ·Ann Surg · Pubmed #20142731.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To identify pathologic features that may account for the favorable survival after resection of invasive pancreatic adenocarcinoma arising in the setting of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) compared with standard pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) in the absence of IPMN. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: The 5-year survival after resection of IPMN-associated invasive adenocarcinoma is reported to be between 40% and 60%, which is superior to the 10-25%, typically cited after resection of standard PDA. It remains unclear whether this represents distinct biology or simply a tendency for earlier presentation of IPMN-associated invasive adenocarcinoma. METHODS: A single institution's prospective pancreatic resection database was retrospectively reviewed to identify patients with invasive pancreatic adenocarcinoma who underwent pancreatectomy with curative intent. Log rank and Cox regression analysis were used to identify factors associated with survival. RESULTS: From 1995 to 2006, 1260 consecutive patients were identified, 132 (10%) with IPMN-associated invasive adenocarcinoma and 1128 (90%) with standard PDA. Actuarial 5-year survival was 42% after resection for IPMN-associated versus 19% for standard PDA (P < 0.001). However, compared with standard PDA, invasive adenocarcinoma arising within an IPMN was associated with a lower incidence of (1) advanced T stage (T2-T4, 96% vs. 73%, P < 0.001); (2) regional lymph node metastasis (78% vs. 51%, P < 0.001); (3) poor tumor differentiation (44% vs. 26%, P < 0.001); (4) vascular invasion (54% vs. 33%, P < 0.001); (5) perineural invasion (92% vs. 63%, P < 0.001); and (6) microscopic margin involvement (28% vs. 14%, P < 0.001). Specifically, in the presence of any one of the aforementioned adverse pathologic characteristics, outcomes after resection for IPMN-associated and standard PDA were not significantly different. CONCLUSION: The favorable biologic behavior of IPMN-associated compared with standard PDA is based on its lower rate of advanced T stage, lymph node metastasis, high tumor grade, positive resection margin, perineural, and vascular invasion. In the presence of any one of the aforementioned adverse pathologic characteristics, however, survival outcomes after resection of IPMN-associated and after resection of standard pancreatic adenocarcinoma are similar.

8 Article Outcomes of adjuvant chemoradiation after pancreaticoduodenectomy with mesenterico-portal vein resection for adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. 2010

Hristov, Boris / Reddy, Sushanth / Lin, Steven H / Cameron, John L / Pawlik, Timothy M / Hruban, Ralph H / Swartz, Michael J / Edil, Barish H / Kemp, Clinton / Wolfgang, Christopher L / Herman, Joseph M. ·Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences, The Sol Goldman Pancreatic Cancer Research Center, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA. ·Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys · Pubmed #19394156.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Surgery followed by chemotherapy and radiation (CRT) offers patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma a chance for extended survival. In some patients, however, resection is difficult because of vascular involvement by the carcinoma, necessitating resection and grafting of the mesenterico-portal vessels. The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes between pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) with and without mesenterico-portal vein resection (VR) in patients receiving adjuvant CRT for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between 1993 and 2005, 160 patients underwent PD with 5-FU-based adjuvant CRT followed by maintenance chemotherapy at the Johns Hopkins Hospital; 20 (12.5%) of the 160 underwent VR. Clinical outcomes, including median survival, overall survival, and complication rates were assessed for both groups. RESULTS: Patients who underwent VR had significantly longer operative times (p = 0.009), greater intraoperative blood loss (p = 0.01), and longer postoperative lengths of stay (p = 0.03). However, postoperative morbidity, median survival, and overall survival rates were similar between the two groups. Most patients (70%) from both groups were able to complete CRT, and a subgroup analysis demonstrated no appreciable differences in terms of complications. None of the VR patients who received adjuvant CRT developed veno-oclusive disease or graft failure/leakage. CONCLUSION: In a cohort of patients treated with adjuvant 5-FU-based CRT at the Johns Hopkins Hospital, having a VR at the time of PD resulted in similar complication rates and survival. These data support the feasibility and safety of adjuvant CRT in patients undergoing VR at the time of PD.

9 Article Total pancreatectomy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma: evaluation of morbidity and long-term survival. 2009

Reddy, Sushanth / Wolfgang, Christopher L / Cameron, John L / Eckhauser, Frederic / Choti, Michael A / Schulick, Richard D / Edil, Barish H / Pawlik, Timothy M. ·Department of Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 22187, USA. ·Ann Surg · Pubmed #19638918.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To analyze relative perioperative and long-term outcomes of patients undergoing total pancreatectomy versus pancreaticoduodenectomy. BACKGROUND: The role of total pancreatectomy has historically been limited due to concerns over increased morbidity, mortality, and perceived worse long-term outcome. METHODS: Between 1970 and 2007, patients who underwent total pancreatectomy (n = 100) or pancreaticoduodenectomy (n = 1286) for adenocarcinoma were identified. Clinicopathologic, morbidity, and survival data were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Total pancreatectomy patients had larger median tumor size (4 cm vs. 3 cm; P < 0.001) but similar rates of vascular (50.0% vs. 54.7%) and perineural invasion (90.7% vs. 91.8%) (total pancreatectomy vs. pancreaticoduodenectomy, respectively, both P > 0.05). A similar proportion of total pancreatectomy (74.7%) and pancreaticoduodenectomy (78.3%) patients had N1 disease (P = 0.45). Total pancreatectomy patients had more lymph nodes harvested (27 vs. 16) and were less likely to have positive resection margins (22.2% vs. 43.7%) (total pancreatectomy vs. pancreaticoduodenectomy, respectively, both P < 0.0001). Total pancreatectomy was increasingly used over time (1970-1989, n = 10, 1990-1999, n = 37, 2000-2007, n = 53). Total pancreatectomy was associated with higher 30-day mortality compared with pancreaticoduodenectomy (8.0% vs. 1.5%, respectively; P = 0.0007). However, total pancreatectomy operative mortality decreased over time (1970-1989, 40%; 1990-1999, 8%; 2000-2007, 2%; P = 0.0002). While operative morbidity was higher following total pancreatectomy (69.0% vs. 38.6% for pancreaticoduodenectomy; P < 0.0001), most complications were minor (Clavien Grade 1-2) (59%). Total pancreatectomy and pancreaticoduodenectomy patients had comparable 5-year survival (18.9% vs. 18.5%, respectively, P = 0.32). CONCLUSIONS: Total pancreatectomy perioperative mortality dramatically decreased over time. Long-term survival following total pancreatectomy versus pancreaticoduodenectomy was equivalent. Total pancreatectomy should be performed when oncologically appropriate.

10 Article Surgical management of solid-pseudopapillary neoplasms of the pancreas (Franz or Hamoudi tumors): a large single-institutional series. 2009

Reddy, Sushanth / Cameron, John L / Scudiere, Jennifer / Hruban, Ralph H / Fishman, Elliot K / Ahuja, Nita / Pawlik, Timothy M / Edil, Barish H / Schulick, Richard D / Wolfgang, Christopher L. ·Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. ·J Am Coll Surg · Pubmed #19476869.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Solid-pseudopapillary neoplasms (SPNs) are rare pancreatic tumors with malignant potential. Clinicopathologic characteristics and outcomes of patients with SPN were reviewed. STUDY DESIGN: Longterm outcomes were evaluated in patients with an SPN who were followed from 1970 to 2008. RESULTS: Thirty-seven patients were identified with an SPN. Thirty-three (89%) were women, and median age at diagnosis was 32 years. Most patients were symptomatic; the most common symptom was abdominal pain (81%). Thirty-six patients underwent resection; one patient with distant metastases was not operated on. There were no 30-day mortalities. Median tumor size was 4.5 cm. Thirty-four patients underwent an R0 resection, 1 had an R1 resection, and 1 had an R2 resection. Two patients had lymph node metastases, and one patient had perineural invasion. After resection, 34 (94%) patients remain alive. One patient died of unknown causes 9.4 years after resection, and another died of unrelated causes 25.6 years after operation. The patient with widespread disease who didn't have resection died 11 months after diagnosis. Thirty-five of the 36 patients having resection remained disease free, including those who died of unrelated causes (median followup, 4.8 years). One patient developed a recurrence 7.7 years after complete resection. She was treated with gemcitabine and remains alive 13.6 months after recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: SPNs are rare neoplasms with malignant potential found primarily in young women. Formal surgical resection may be performed safely and is associated with longterm survival.