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Pancreatic Neoplasms: HELP
Articles by Françoise Mornex
Based on 15 articles published since 2008
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Between 2008 and 2019, F. Mornex wrote the following 15 articles about Pancreatic Neoplasms.
 
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Guideline [Radiation therapy of pancreatic cancer]. 2016

Huguet, F / Mornex, F / Orthuon, A. ·Service d'oncologie radiothérapie, hôpital Tenon, 4, rue de la Chine, 75020 Paris, France. Electronic address: florence.huguet@aphp.fr. · Département d'oncologie radiothérapie, centre hospitalier Lyon Sud, 69000 Pierre-Bénite, France; EMR 3738, université Claude-Bernard Lyon 1, 69000 Lyon, France. · Unité de radiophysique, service de radiothérapie, hôpital Tenon, AP-HP, 75020 Paris, France. ·Cancer Radiother · Pubmed #27523418.

ABSTRACT: Currently, the use of radiation therapy for patients with pancreatic cancer is subject to discussion. In adjuvant setting, the standard treatment is 6 months of chemotherapy with gemcitabine and capecitabine. Chemoradiation (CRT) may improve the survival of patients with incompletely resected tumors (R1). This should be confirmed by a prospective trial. Neoadjuvant CRT is a promising treatment especially for patients with borderline resectable tumors. For patients with locally advanced tumors, there is no a standard. An induction chemotherapy followed by CRT for non-progressive patients reduces the rate of local relapse. Whereas in the first trials of CRT large fields were used, the treated volumes have been reduced to improve tolerance. Tumor movements induced by breathing should be taken in account. Intensity modulated radiation therapy allows a reduction of doses to the organs at risk. Whereas widely used, this technique is not recommended.

2 Review Radiotherapy of the pancreas: state of the art in 2012. 2012

Mornex, F / Hatime, M / Touch, S / Elmorabit, B / Pigne, G / Enachescu, C / Diaz, O / Elkhoti, Y. ·Radiation Oncology Department, Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, Université Claude Bernard, Lyon, France. francoise.mornex@chu-lyon.fr ·Recent Results Cancer Res · Pubmed #23129368.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

3 Review [Histologic assessment of treatment effect of preoperative chemoradiation in patients presenting with resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma]. 2011

Le Scodan, R / Mornex, F / Partensky, C / Mercier, C / Valette, P-J / Ychou, M / Bibeau, F / Scoazec, J-Y. ·Département de Radiothérapie, Centre René-Huguenin, 35 rue Dailly, 92210 Saint-Cloud, France. ·Cancer Radiother · Pubmed #21084206.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Several phase II studies have shown the feasibility of neoadjuvant chemoradiation regimens for resectable localized pancreatic adenocarcinoma. However, there is to date no completed phase III study to validate this approach and treatment effects evaluation still remains an active area of investigation. From the mature results of the SFRO-FFCD 9704 trial, we explored the antitumoral effect of a 5-fluoro-uracil and cisplatin-based preoperative chemoradiation regimen, with a special highlight on the histopathological response and performed a literature review. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Treatment consisted of concurrent radiotherapy (50 Gy within five weeks) and chemotherapy with 5-fluoro-uracil (300 mg/m(2)/day, five days/week, weeks 1-5) and cisplatin (20mg/m(2)/day, days 1-5 and 29-33), followed by surgical resection of the pancreatic tumour in patients without progression. RESULTS: In all, 41 patients were enrolled, 26 patients (63%) underwent surgical resection with curative intent and 21 (80.7%) had R0 resection. A total of 13 of 26 specimens (50%) presented a major pathologic response (≥ 80% of severely degenerative cancer cells), with one complete pathologic response. The local recurrence and two-year survival rates were 4 and 32%, respectively, for the 26 operated patients. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that preoperative chemoradiation provides antitumoral effect associated with major histopathological response in 50% of patients and a high R0 resection rate. Evaluation of histopathological response to neoadjuvant chemoradiation may serve as a surrogate marker for treatment efficacy and further research is needed to determine new prognostic and predictive factors of treatment response.

4 Review Chemoradiotherapy in the management of locally advanced pancreatic carcinoma: a qualitative systematic review. 2009

Huguet, Florence / Girard, Nicolas / Guerche, Clotilde Séblain-El / Hennequin, Christophe / Mornex, Françoise / Azria, David. ·Groupe Coopérateur Multidisciplinaire en Oncologie, Service d'Oncologie Radiothérapie, Hôpital Tenon, 4 rue de Chine, 75020 Paris, France. florence.huguet@tnn.aphp.fr ·J Clin Oncol · Pubmed #19307501.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Pancreatic carcinoma is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortality. At time of diagnosis, 30% of patients present with a locally advanced unresectable but nonmetastatic pancreatic carcinoma (LAPC). The French program Standards, Options, and Recommendations was promoted to conduct a qualitative systematic review to evaluate the role of radiotherapy in patients with LAPC. METHODS: A search to identify eligible studies was undertaken using the MEDLINE database. All phase III randomized trials and systematic reviews evaluating the role of radiotherapy in LAPC were included, together with some noncontrolled studies if no phase III trials were retrieved. The quality and clinical relevance of the studies were evaluated using validated checklists, which allowed associating each result with a level of evidence. RESULTS: Twenty-one studies were included, as follows: two meta-analyses, 13 randomized trials, and six nonrandomized trials. Chemoradiotherapy increases overall survival when compared with best supportive care (level of evidence C) or with exclusive radiotherapy (level B1), but is more toxic (level B1). Chemoradiotherapy is not superior to chemotherapy in terms of survival (level B1) and increases toxicity (level A). Recent data favor limited irradiation to the tumor volume (level C). Fluorouracil is still the reference chemotherapy in association with radiotherapy (level B1). Induction chemotherapy before chemoradiotherapy improves survival (level C). CONCLUSION: No standard treatment exists, but there are two options for treatment of LAPC; these are gemcitabine-based chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy. Induction chemotherapy followed by a chemoradiotherapy is a promising strategy for selection of patients without early metastatic/progressing disease.

5 Clinical Trial Radiation plus docetaxel and cisplatin in locally advanced pancreatic carcinoma: a non-comparative randomized phase II trial. 2014

Ducreux, Michel / Giovannini, Marc / Baey, Charlotte / Llacer, Carmen / Bennouna, Jaafar / Adenis, Antoine / Peiffert, Didier / Mornex, Françoise / Abbas, Moncef / Boige, Valèrie / Pignon, Jean-Pierre / Conroy, Thierry / Cellier, Patrice / Juzyna, Beata / Viret, Frédéric. ·Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France; Université Paris Sud, Le Kremlin Bicetre, France. Electronic address: michel.ducreux@gustaveroussy.fr. · Institut Paoli Calmettes, Marseille, France. · Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France. · Institut du Cancer Montpellier - Val d'Aurelle, Montpellier, France. · Institut de Cancérologie de l'Ouest - René Gauducheau, Nantes, France. · Centre Oscar Lambret, Lille, France. · Institut de Cancérologie de Lorraine - Alexis Vautrin, Nancy, France. · Hôpital Lyon Sud, Lyon, France. · Institut de Cancérologie de l'Ouest - Paul Papin, Angers, France. · Unicancer, Paris, France. ·Dig Liver Dis · Pubmed #25027552.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: We performed a randomized, non-comparative phase II study evaluating docetaxel in combination with either daily continuous (protracted IV) 5-fluorouracil or cisplatin administered weekly, concurrent to radiotherapy in the treatment of locally advanced pancreatic carcinoma. Results of the docetaxel plus cisplatin regimen are reported. METHODS: Forty chemotherapy-naive patients with locally advanced pancreatic carcinoma were randomly assigned to receive 5-fluorouracil and docetaxel or docetaxel 20mg/m(2) and cisplatin 20mg/m(2)/week, plus concurrent radiotherapy for 6 weeks. The radiation dose to the primary tumour was 54Gy in 30 fractions. The trial's primary endpoint was the 6-month crude non-progression rate. RESULTS: 51 patients from 7 centres were included in the docetaxel-cisplatin treatment group. Six-month non-progression rate was 39% (95% confidence interval: 26-53). Median overall survival was 9.6 months (95% confidence interval: 2.4-60.7); 6 complete and 8 partial responses were obtained. Six patients survived more than 2 years after their inclusion in the trial. Grade ≥3 toxicity was reported in 63% of patients; no treatment-related death occurred. Severe toxicities were mainly anorexia (22%), vomiting (20%) and fatigue (24%). CONCLUSIONS: Despite inadequate efficacy according to the main end point, this regimen gave a satisfactory rate of objective response (27%) with tolerable toxicity.

6 Clinical Trial Docetaxel- and 5-FU-concurrent radiotherapy in patients presenting unresectable locally advanced pancreatic cancer: a FNCLCC-ACCORD/0201 randomized phase II trial's pre-planned analysis and case report of a 5.5-year disease-free survival. 2011

Oberic, Lucie / Viret, Frédéric / Baey, Charlotte / Ychou, Marc / Bennouna, Jaafar / Adenis, Antoine / Peiffert, Didier / Mornex, Françoise / Pignon, Jean-Pierre / Celier, Patrice / Berille, Jocelyne / Ducreux, Michel. ·Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France. ·Radiat Oncol · Pubmed #21943032.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: To explore possible improvement in the treatment of locally advanced pancreatic carcinoma (LAPC) we performed a randomized, non-comparative phase II study evaluating docetaxel - plus either daily continuous 5 FU or weekly cisplatin concurrent to radiotherapy. We report here the results of the docetaxel plus 5 FU regimen stopped according to the interim analysis. The docetaxel plus cisplatin arm was continued. METHODS: Forty (40) chemotherapy-naive patients with unresectable LAPC were randomly assigned (1:1) to either continuous fluorouracil (5-FU) 200 mg/m(2)/day (protracted IV) and docetaxel (DCT) 20 mg/m(2)/week or DCT 20 mg/m2 and cisplatin (CDDP) 20 mg/m(2), plus concurrent radiotherapy for a period of 6 weeks. The radiation dose to the primary tumor was 54 Gy in 30 fractions. The trial's primary endpoint was the 6-month crude non-progression rate (NPR). Secondary endpoints were tolerance, objective response rate, and overall survival. Accrual was to be stopped if at 6 months more than 13 disease progressions were observed in 20 patients. RESULTS: Eighteen (18) progressions occurred at 6 months in the 5-FU-DCT arm. Six-month NPR was 10% (95%CI: 0-23). Six and 12-month survivals were 85% (95%CI: 64-95) and 40% (95%CI: 22-61); median overall survival was 10.1 months. Median progression-free survival was 4.3 months. We report the case of one patient who was amenable to surgery and has been in complete response (CR) for 5.5 years. Toxicities grade ≥ 3 were reported in 75% of patients; no treatment-related death occurred. Severe toxicities were mainly vomiting (35%), abdominal pain (10%) and fatigue (10%). CONCLUSIONS: Combination of 5-FU, docetaxel and radiotherapy has inadequate efficacy in the treatment of LAPC despite good tolerance for the 5-FU-DCT regimen. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00112697.

7 Clinical Trial [Locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer: Induction chemoradiotherapy followed by maintenance gemcitabine versus gemcitabine alone: Definitive results of the 2000-2001 FFCD/SFRO phase III trial]. 2011

Barhoumi, M / Mornex, F / Bonnetain, F / Rougier, P / Mariette, C / Bouché, O / Bosset, J-F / Aparicio, T / Mineur, L / Azzedine, A / Hammel, P / Butel, J / Stremsdoerfer, N / Maingon, P / Bedenne, L / Chauffert, B. ·EA, département de radiothérapie-oncologie, centre hospitalier Lyon-Sud, Pierre-Bénite, France. barhoumi.maha@yahoo.fr ·Cancer Radiother · Pubmed #21315644.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To compare chemoradiation with systemic chemotherapy to chemotherapy alone in locally advanced pancreatic cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and nineteen patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer, with World Health Organization performance status of zero to two were randomly assigned to either the induction chemoradiation group (60 Gy, 2 Gy/fraction; concomitant 5-fluoro-uracil infusion, 300 mg/m(2) per day, days 1-5 for 6 weeks; cisplatin, 20 mg/m(2) per day, days 1-5 during weeks 1 and 5) or the induction gemcitabine group (GEM: 1000 mg/m(2) weekly for 7 weeks). Maintenance gemcitabine (1000 mg/m(2) weekly, 3/4 weeks) was given in both arms until disease progression or toxicity. RESULTS: Overall survival was shorter in the chemoradiation than in the gemcitabine arm (median survival 8.6 [99% confidence interval 7.1-11.4] and 13 months [8,9,9-18], p=0.03). One-year survival was, respectively, 32 and 53%. These results were confirmed in a per-protocol analysis for patients who received 75% or more of the planned dose of radiotherapy. More overall grades 3-4 toxic effects were recorded in the chemoradiation arm, both during induction (36 versus 22%) and maintenance (32 versus 18%). CONCLUSION: This intensive induction schedule of chemoradiation was more toxic and less effective than gemcitabine alone.

8 Clinical Trial Adjuvant gemcitabine alone versus gemcitabine-based chemoradiotherapy after curative resection for pancreatic cancer: a randomized EORTC-40013-22012/FFCD-9203/GERCOR phase II study. 2010

Van Laethem, Jean-Luc / Hammel, Pascal / Mornex, Françoise / Azria, David / Van Tienhoven, Geertjan / Vergauwe, Philippe / Peeters, Marc / Polus, Marc / Praet, Michel / Mauer, Murielle / Collette, Laurence / Budach, Volker / Lutz, Manfred / Van Cutsem, Eric / Haustermans, Karin. ·Department of Gastroenterology, Erasme University Hospital, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium. JL.Vanlaethem@erasme.ulb.ac.be ·J Clin Oncol · Pubmed #20837948.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: The role of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in resectable pancreatic cancer is still debated. This randomized phase II intergroup study explores the feasibility and tolerability of a gemcitabine-based CRT regimen after R0 resection of pancreatic head cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Within 8 weeks after surgery, patients were randomly assigned to receive either four cycles of gemcitabine (control arm) or gemcitabine for two cycles followed by weekly gemcitabine with concurrent radiation (50.4 Gy; CRT arm). The primary objective was to exclude a < 60% treatment completion and a > 40% rate of grade 4 hematologic or GI toxicity in the CRT arm with type I and II errors of 10%. Secondary end points were late toxicity, disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Between September 2004 and January 2007, 90 patients were randomly assigned (45:45). Patient characteristics were similar in both arms. Treatment was completed per protocol by 86.7% and 73.3% (80% CI, 63.1% to 81.9%; 95% CI, 58.1% to 85.4%) in the control and CRT arms, respectively, and grade 4 toxicity was 0% and 4.7% (two of 43; 80% CI, 1.2% to 11.9%), respectively. In the CRT arm, three patients experienced grade 3-related late toxicity. Median DFS was 12 months in the CRT arm and 11 months in the control arm. Median OS was 24 months in both arms. First local recurrence was less frequent in the CRT arm (11% v 24%). CONCLUSION: Adjuvant gemcitabine-based CRT is feasible, well-tolerated, and not deleterious; adding this treatment to full-dose adjuvant gemcitabine after resection of pancreatic cancer should be evaluated in a phase III trial.

9 Clinical Trial Safety and activity of masitinib in combination with gemcitabine in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. 2010

Mitry, Emmanuel / Hammel, Pascal / Deplanque, Gaël / Mornex, Françoise / Levy, Philippe / Seitz, Jean-François / Moussy, Alain / Kinet, Jean-Pierre / Hermine, Olivier / Rougier, Philippe / Raymond, Eric. ·Hépato-gastroentérologie et oncologie digestive, Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Ambroise Paré, 92104, Boulogne Billancourt, France. ·Cancer Chemother Pharmacol · Pubmed #20364428.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of masitinib combined with gemcitabine in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-two non-randomised patients with unresectable, locally advanced (n = 9) or metastatic pancreatic cancer (n = 13) received oral masitinib (9 mg/kg/day) combined with standard gemcitabine. All patients were naive to systemic chemotherapy or radiotherapy. The primary endpoint was time-to-progression (TTP) with efficacy and safety analyses performed on the intent-to-treat population. Secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS), as well as, subgroup analyses according to baseline disease, and performance status. RESULTS: Overall median TTP was 6.4 months (95% CI [2.7-11.7]); 8.3 and 2.7 months, respectively, for locally advanced and metastatic patients; 6.4 and 0.8 months, respectively, for patients with KPS [80-100] or KPS [70]. Median OS was 7.1 months (95% CI [4.8-17.0]); 8.4 and 6.8 months for locally advanced or metastatic patients, respectively; 8.0 and 4.4 months in patients with KPS [80-100] or KPS [70], respectively. The 18-month observed survival rate was similar for locally advanced (22%) and metastatic patients (23%) and reached 28% for KPS [80-100] patients. The most common suspected adverse events were nausea, vomiting, rash, diarrhoea, peripheral oedema, anaemia, lymphopenia, thrombocytopenia, pyrexia, neutropenia, asthenia, leucopenia, and abdominal pain, and most were of grades 1-2 severity. CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy and safety of masitinib combined with gemcitabine are encouraging, with extended survival and median TTP that support initiation of a phase 3 trial.

10 Clinical Trial Estimating optimal dose of twice-weekly gemcitabine for concurrent chemoradiotherapy in unresectable pancreatic carcinoma: mature results of GEMRT-01 Phase I trial. 2010

Girard, Nicolas / Mornex, Françoise / Bossard, Nadine / Ychou, Marc / Chauffert, Bruno / Wautot, Virginie. ·Department of Radiotherapy-Oncology, Centre Hospitalier Lyon-Sud, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon, France. ·Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys · Pubmed #20056351.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To accurately determine the maximal tolerated dose, feasibility, and antitumor activity of concurrent chemoradiotherapy including twice-weekly gemcitabine in patients with unresectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Eligible patients with histologically proven adenocarcinoma of the pancreas were included in this Phase I trial. Radiotherapy was delivered to a total dose of 50 Gy. Concurrent chemotherapy with twice-weekly gemcitabine was administered during the 5 weeks of radiotherapy, from an initial dose of 30 mg/m(2). The gemcitabine doses were escalated in 10-mg/m(2) increments in a three-plus-three design, until dose-limiting toxicities were observed. RESULTS: A total of 35 patients were included in the trial. The feasibility of chemoradiotherapy was high, because all the patients received the planned total radiation dose, and 26 patients (74%) received > or = 70% of the planned chemotherapy dose. The mean total delivered dose of gemcitabine was 417 mg/m(2) (i.e., 77% of the prescribed dose). The maximal tolerated dose of twice-weekly gemcitabine was 70 mg/m(2). Of the 35 patients, 13 had a partial response (37%) and 21 had stable disease (60%). Overall, the median survival and the 6-, 12-, and 18-month survival rates were 10.6 months and 82%, 31%, and 11%, respectively. Survival was significantly longer in patients with an initial performance status of 0 or 1 (p = .004). CONCLUSION: Our mature data have indicated that gemcitabine doses can be increased < or = 70 mg/m(2), when delivered twice-weekly with concurrent radiotherapy. This combination shows promises to achieve better recurrence-free and overall survival. These results will serve as a basis for further implementation of the multimodal treatment of locally advanced pancreatic carcinoma.

11 Clinical Trial Preoperative chemoradiation in potentially resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma: feasibility, treatment effect evaluation and prognostic factors, analysis of the SFRO-FFCD 9704 trial and literature review. 2009

Le Scodan, R / Mornex, F / Girard, N / Mercier, C / Valette, P-J / Ychou, M / Bibeau, F / Roy, P / Scoazec, J-Y / Partensky, C. ·Department of Radiation Oncology, Centre Hospitalier Lyon-Sud, Pierre-Bénite, France. ·Ann Oncol · Pubmed #19502533.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: We explored the feasibility and the histologic assessment of treatment effect of preoperative chemoradiation in patients presenting with resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Treatment consisted of concurrent radiotherapy (50 Gy within 5 weeks) and chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil (300 mg/m(2)/day, 5 days/week, weeks 1-5) and cisplatin (20 mg/m(2)/day, days 1-5 and 29-33), followed by surgical resection of the pancreatic tumor in patients without progression. RESULTS: In all, 41 patients were enrolled; 38 (93%) received >or=47 Gy; 30 patients (73%) received >or=75% of the prescribed doses of chemotherapy. Among 40 assessable patients, 27 (67.5%; 95% confidence interval 50.9% to 81.4%) were successfully treated (entire dose of radiation, >or=75% of the chemotherapy dose, no grade 4 non-hematologic toxicity). In all, 26 patients (63%) underwent surgical resection with curative intent and 21 (80.7%) had R0 resection. A total of 13 of 26 specimens (50%) presented a major pathologic response (>or=80% of severely degenerative cancer cells), with one complete pathologic response. Operative mortality was 2.8%. The local recurrence and 2-year survival rates were 4% and 32%, respectively, for the 26 operated patients. CONCLUSIONS: This proposed preoperative scheme is feasible, does not prevent successful surgery, and provides antitumoral effect associated with major histopathological response in 50% of patients and a high R0 resection rate.

12 Clinical Trial Histopathological response to preoperative chemoradiation for resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma: the French Phase II FFCD 9704-SFRO Trial. 2008

Le Scodan, Romuald / Mornex, Françoise / Partensky, Christian / Mercier, Catherine / Valette, Pierre-Jean / Ychou, Marc / Roy, Pascal / Scoazec, Jean-Yves. ·Department of Radiation Oncology, Centre Hospitalier Lyon-Sud, Pierre-Bénite, France. ·Am J Clin Oncol · Pubmed #19060585.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: This study suggests that pancreatic adenocarcinoma is a chemoradiosensitive tumor and that preoperative chemoradiation provides antitumoral effect associated with major histopathological response in 50% of patients and a high R0 resection rate. Evaluation of histopathological response to neoadjuvant therapy may serve as a surrogate marker for treatment efficacy and remains an active area of investigation. OBJECTIVES: The chemoradiosensitive of pancreatic adenocarcinoma has not yet fully been assessed. The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy of preoperative chemoradiation, measured by the impact on the R0 resection rate and the histopathological response rate in patients presenting with resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma. METHODS: Patients with localized, potentially resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma were treated with 50 Gy irradiation combined with 5-fluorouracil by continuous infusion (300 mg . m(-2) . d(-1); day 1-5; week 1-5) and cisplatin (20 mg . m(-2) . d(-1); day 1-5 and day 29-33). Patients presenting with resectable disease at restaging, without metastatic dissemination, underwent surgical resection. RESULTS: Forty-one patients were enrolled. Twenty-seven patients (67.5%) completed chemoradiation receiving at least 75% prescribed chemotherapy dose without grade 4 nonhematological toxicity. Twenty-six patients (63%) underwent surgical resection with curative intent and 21 (80.7%) had R0 resection. Thirteen of 26 specimens (50%) presented a major pathologic response with more than 80% of severely degenerative cancer cells. Complete pathologic response was observed in one specimen. Median survival time and 2-year survival rate were 9.4 months and 20% for the entire cohort. The local recurrence and 2-year survival rates were 4% and 32%, respectively, for the 26 operated patients. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that some pancreatic adenocarcinomas are chemoradiosensitive and that preoperative chemoradiation provides antitumoral effect associated with major histopathological response in 50% of patients and a high R0 resection rate. Further research is needed to determine the biologic difference between responders and nonresponders, to evaluate the predictive value of treatment response parameters, and to optimize the chemoradiation regimen.

13 Clinical Trial Phase III trial comparing intensive induction chemoradiotherapy (60 Gy, infusional 5-FU and intermittent cisplatin) followed by maintenance gemcitabine with gemcitabine alone for locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer. Definitive results of the 2000-01 FFCD/SFRO study. 2008

Chauffert, B / Mornex, F / Bonnetain, F / Rougier, P / Mariette, C / Bouché, O / Bosset, J F / Aparicio, T / Mineur, L / Azzedine, A / Hammel, P / Butel, J / Stremsdoerfer, N / Maingon, P / Bedenne, L. ·Department of Oncology, Anticancer Center G.F. Leclerc, Dijon, France. ·Ann Oncol · Pubmed #18467316.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The role of chemoradiation with systemic chemotherapy compared with chemotherapy alone in locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) is uncertain. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and nineteen patients with LAPC, World Health Organization performance status of zero to two were randomly assigned to either the induction CHRT group (60 Gy, 2 Gy/fraction; concomitant 5-fluorouracil infusion, 300 mg/m(2)/day, days 1-5 for 6 weeks; cisplatin, 20 mg/m(2)/day, days 1-5 during weeks 1 and 5) or the induction gemcitabine group (GEM: 1000 mg/m(2) weekly for 7 weeks). Maintenance gemcitabine (1000 mg/m(2) weekly, 3/4 weeks) was given in both arms until disease progression or toxicity. RESULTS: Overall survival was shorter in the CHRT than in GEM arm [median survival 8.6 (99% confidence interval 7.1-11.4) and 13 months (8.7-18.1), P = 0.03]. One-year survival was, respectively, 32% and 53%. These results were confirmed in a per-protocol analysis for patients who received 75% or more of the planned dose of radiotherapy. More overall grades 3-4 toxic effects were recorded in the CHRT arm, both during induction (36 versus 22%) and maintenance (32 versus 18%). CONCLUSION: This intensive induction schedule of CHRT was more toxic and less effective than gemcitabine alone.

14 Article [Pancreatic cancer]. 2010

Huguet, F / Orthuon, A / Touboul, E / Marseguerra, R / Mornex, F. ·Service d'oncologie radiothérapie, hôpital Tenon, Assistance-Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Université Paris VI, 4, rue de la Chine, 75020 Paris, France. florence.huguet@tnn.aphp.fr ·Cancer Radiother · Pubmed #21129675.

ABSTRACT: About 7200 new cases of pancreatic adenocarcinomas are diagnosed each year in France. At the time of diagnosis, an efficient carcinologic surgery will not be possible for nearly 80% of patients, in relation to loco-regional extension or metastatic dissemination. After surgical resection, the median survival of resected patients ranges from 12 to 20 months, with a high rate of relapses. Currently, the use of radiotherapy for patients with pancreatic cancer is controversial. In adjuvant setting, the standard treatment is six months of chemotherapy with FUFOL or gemcitabine. Chemoradiation (CRT) may improve the survival of patients with incompletely resected tumors (R1). This must be validated in a prospective trial. Neoadjuvant CRT is a promising treatment but always under evaluation. For the treatment of patients with locally advanced tumors, there is not a standart treatment. A strategy of initial chemotherapy followed by CRT for non progressive patients is under evaluation. Whereas in the first trials of CRT large fields were used, the current trend is to reduce the treated volumes to improve tolerance. The delineation of target volumes has been improved by the use of simulation CT. The aims of this work are to precise the radio-anatomical particularities, the pattern of spread of pancreatic cancer and the principles of 3D conformal radiotherapy illustrated with a clinical case.

15 Article Long-term survival (5-20 years) after pancreatectomy for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma: a series of 30 patients collected from 3 institutions. 2008

Adham, Mustapha / Jaeck, Daniel / Le Borgne, Joël / Oussoultzouglou, Elie / Chenard-Neu, Marie-Pierre / Mosnier, Jean-François / Scoazec, Jean-Yves / Mornex, Françoise / Partensky, Christian. ·Department of Hepato-Bilio-Pancreatic Surgery and Transplantation, Lyon University Hospital, Lyon, France. mustapha.adham@chu-lyon.fr ·Pancreas · Pubmed #18665012.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Long-term survival after pancreatectomy for pancreatic duct adenocarcinoma has been rarely reported. Factors influencing survival are still debated. The aim of the study is to report a French multicentric series of long-term survivors after pancreatectomy for pancreatic duct adenocarcinoma. METHODS: Data of patients who survived >5 years (February 1983-January 2000) were analyzed. All operative specimens were reviewed. Patients with intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasia, cystadenocarcinoma, acinous-adenocarcinoma, neuroendocrine, or mixed tumors were excluded. RESULTS: Long-term survivors were 20 men and 10 women, with median age of 61 years. Twenty-five patients had pancreaticoduodenectomies (6 pylorus preserving pancreatoduodenectomy [PPPD]), 3 had total pancreaticoduodenectomies, and 2 had splenopancreatectomies. Three patients had portal vein resection, 1 had hepatic artery resection-reconstruction, and 1 had segmentectomy for liver metastasis. All resections were complete macroscopic and microscopic resection (R0). Median tumor size was 30 mm. Tumors were pT2 (n = 1), pT3 (n = 24), pT4 (n = 5), 12 N+, 1 M+. Twenty patients had adjuvant radiotherapy, and 18 had concomitant chemotherapy. Median survival was 7.3 years (range, 5.2-21 years). Nineteen patients are alive, 1 with recurrence and 18 with no evidence of disease (2 had more than 20 years of follow-up). Eleven patients died, 6 from recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Pancreatic duct adenocarcinoma can be cured, and long-term survival after R0 curative surgery has become a reality. Long-term survivors did not fulfil the ideal prognostic criteria and even presented with advanced stage.