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Pancreatic Neoplasms: HELP
Articles by William Mantovani
Based on 6 articles published since 2010
(Why 6 articles?)
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Between 2010 and 2020, W. Mantovani wrote the following 6 articles about Pancreatic Neoplasms.
 
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Article Mucinous cystic neoplasms and serous cystadenomas arising in the body-tail of the pancreas: MR imaging characterization. 2015

Manfredi, Riccardo / Ventriglia, Anna / Mantovani, William / Mehrabi, Sara / Boninsegna, Enrico / Zamboni, Giuseppe / Salvia, Roberto / Pozzi Mucelli, Roberto. ·Department of Radiology, University of Verona, P.le L.A. Scuro 10, 37134, Verona, Italy, riccardo.manfredi@univr.it. ·Eur Radiol · Pubmed #25417125.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To identify magnetic resonance (MR)/MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) imaging signs helpful in the differential diagnosis between serous cystadenomas (SCAs) and mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs), arising from the body/tail of the pancreas. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study had institutional review board approval and informed consent was waived. Fifty-three patients with non-communicating cystic pancreatic neoplasm of the body/tail, undergoing MR/MRCP, were included. Qualitative image analysis assessed the macroscopic pattern, number of cysts, presence of central scar, contrast enhancement of peripheral wall, and mural nodules. Quantitative analysis assessed the maximum diameter of the neoplasm, thickness of the peripheral wall, and calibre of the upstream main pancreatic duct. RESULTS: Histopathology results revealed that 27/53 (51 %) were SCAs, 26/53 (49 %) were MCNs. Microcystic pattern was observed in 88.2 % of SCAs and 11.8 % of MCNs; macrocystic pattern was observed in 90.5 % of MCNs and 9.5 % of SCAs (p < 0.0001). Central scar was detected in 29.6 % of SCAs and no MCNs (p = 0.003). Contrast enhancement of the peripheral wall was evident in 99.5 % of MCNs and 11.5 % of SCAs (p < 0.0001); mural nodules were depicted in 94.1 % of MCNs and 5.9 % of SCAs (p < 0.0001). Median maximum diameter was 54 mm for MCNs, 32 mm for SCAs (p = 0.001); median wall thickness was 4 mm for MCNs, 2 mm for SCAs (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Macrocystic pattern, enhancement of a peripheral wall and mural nodules are suggestive of MCNs; whereas microcystic pattern, lack of peripheral wall and central scar are suggestive of SCAs. KEY POINTS: • MCNs have macrocystic patterns, contrast enhancement of the peripheral wall and mural nodules • Microcystic pattern and central scar are suggestive of SCA • Mural nodules detected in MCNs correlate with epithelial dysplasia • Chronic obstructive pancreatitis is equally depicted in patients with MCNs and SCAs.

2 Article Non-hyperfunctioning neuroendocrine tumours of the pancreas: MR imaging appearance and correlation with their biological behaviour. 2013

Manfredi, Riccardo / Bonatti, Matteo / Mantovani, William / Graziani, Rossella / Segala, Diego / Capelli, Paola / Butturini, Giovanni / Mucelli, Roberto Pozzi. ·Department of Radiology, University of Verona, 11 P.le L.A. Scuro 10, 37134, Verona, Italy, riccardo.manfredi@univr.it. ·Eur Radiol · Pubmed #23793519.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To describe MR imaging features of non-hyperfunctioning neuroendocrine pancreatic tumours by comparing them to histopathology and to determine the accuracy of MR imaging in predicting biological behaviour. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After institutional review board approval, we retrospectively reviewed 45 patients with pathologically proven NF-NET of the pancreas and ≥1 preoperative MR/MRCP examinations. Of the NF-NETS, 29/45 (64.4 %) were G1 and 16/45 (35.5 %) were G2. Image analysis included the lesion maximum diameter, vascular encasement, extrapancreatic spread, signal intensity on T1- and T2-weighted, contrast enhancement features, and presence of metastases. Tumour vessel density was calculated on the histological specimen using a grid. RESULTS: The median maximum diameter of NF-NETs was 20 mm (range 5-200 mm). Eighty per cent of the NF-NETs were hypointense on T1-weighted images, 82.2 % were hyperintense on T2-weighted images, and 75.6 % were hypervascular. Overall MRI accuracy showed a mean AUC of 0.86 compared to pathology. Lesions with a maximum diameter of 30 mm irregular margins, absence of a cleavage plane with the main pancreatic duct, vascular encasement, extrapancreatic spread and abdominal metastases were significantly associated with malignant NF-NETs. No correlation was found between the tumour vessel density and contrast-enhanced MR imaging pattern. CONCLUSIONS: Hyperintensity on T2-weighted images and iso-/hypervascularity occurred in 27/45 (60.0 %) of NF-NETs. MRI identifies malignant NF-NETs with a sensitivity of 93.3 % and a specificity of 76.9 % (AUC = 0.85). KEY POINTS: • Non-hyperfunctioning neuroendocrine pancreatic tumours (NF-NET) pose a difficult diagnostic challenge. • On T2-weighted MRI, 82.2 % of neuroendocrine tumours appeared hyperintense. • MR imaging showed 0.94 sensitivity and 0.77 specificity in predicting biological behaviour. • The hyper-/isointensity during dynamic MRI did not correlate with vessel density at pathology.

3 Article Perfusion CT can predict tumoral grading of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. 2013

D'Onofrio, M / Gallotti, A / Mantovani, W / Crosara, S / Manfrin, E / Falconi, M / Ventriglia, A / Zamboni, G A / Manfredi, R / Pozzi Mucelli, R. ·Department of Radiology, University Hospital G.B. Rossi Piazzale L.A. Scuro 10, 37134 University of Verona, Verona, Italy. mirko.donofrio@univr.it ·Eur J Radiol · Pubmed #23127804.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: To describe perfusion CT features of locally advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and to evaluate correlation with tumor grading. METHODS: Thirty-two patients with locally advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma were included in this study. Lesions were evaluated by P-CT and biopsy after patient's informed consent. P-CT parameters have been assessed on a large single and on 6 small intratumoral ROIs. Values obtained have been compared and related to the tumor grading using Mann-Whitney U test. Sensibility, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) and accuracy in predicting tumor grading have been calculated for cut-off values chosen by using ROC curves. RESULTS: Out of 32 lesions, 12 were classified as low grade and 20 as high grade. A statistically significant difference between high and low grade neoplasms were demonstrated for PEI and BV parameters. PEI and BV cut-off values were respectively 17.8 HU and 14.8 ml/100g. PEI identified high grade neoplasms with a 65% sensitivity, 92% specificity, 93% PPV, 61% NPV and 75% accuracy. BV identified high grade neoplasms with a 80% sensitivity, 75% specificity, 84% PPV, 69% NPV, 78% accuracy. Considering both PEI and BV, P-CT identified high grade lesions with a 60% sensitivity, 100% specificity, 100% PPV, 60% NPV and 75% accuracy. CONCLUSIONS: PEI and BV perfusion CT parameters proved their efficiency in identifying high grade pancreatic adenocarcinoma.

4 Article Incidentally discovered benign pancreatic cystic neoplasms not communicating with the ductal system: MR/MRCP imaging appearance and evolution. 2013

Manfredi, R / Bonatti, M / D'Onofrio, M / Mehrabi, S / Salvia, R / Mantovani, W / Pozzi Mucelli, R. ·Department of Radiology, University of Verona, Policlinico G.B. Rossi, P.le L.A. Scuro 10, 37134, Verona, Italy. ·Radiol Med · Pubmed #22744342.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: The authors sought to determine magnetic resonance/magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MR/MRCP) imaging features of incidentally discovered benign, noncommunicating cystic neoplasms (BNCNs) of the pancreas to assess their evolution over time and identify MR/MRCP imaging features predictive of tumour growth. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study, so informed consent was waived. Sixty-two patients with a diagnosis of BNCN were assessed. Inclusion criteria were incidentally discovered cystic neoplasm of the pancreas with nonmeasurable walls, no mural nodules and no communication with the pancreatic ductal system and who underwent ≥ 1 MR/MRCP examination. Image analysis, performed at diagnosis and during follow-up, included macroscopic pattern (microcystic/macrocystic/mixed), number of cysts (unicystic/oligocystic/multicystic), BNCN maximum diameter and tumour growth rates. RESULTS: A total of 64 BNCNs was detected. Macroscopic pattern was mixed in 31/64 (48%), microcystic in 28/64 (44%) and macrocystic in 5/64 (8%). BNCNs appeared multicystic in 38/64 (59%) cases, oligocystic in 22/64 (35%) and unicystic in 4/64(6%). All qualitative parameters remained unchanged during follow-up. At diagnosis, the median maximum BNCN diameter was 35.0 mm and 38.0 mm at the final examination (p<0.001). BNCNs showed a tumour growth rate of 2 mm/year. CONCLUSIONS: Mixed and microcystic patterns were the most common, accounting for 48% and 44% of cases, respectively, and showed no change over time. MR/MRCP features predictive of lesion enlargement were a mixed/ macrocystic pattern, and lesion size was >3 cm (both p<0.001).

5 Article Pancreatic endocrine tumors: improved TNM staging and histopathological grading permit a clinically efficient prognostic stratification of patients. 2010

Scarpa, Aldo / Mantovani, William / Capelli, Paola / Beghelli, Stefania / Boninsegna, Letizia / Bettini, Rossella / Panzuto, Francesco / Pederzoli, Paolo / delle Fave, Gianfranco / Falconi, Massimo. ·Department of Pathology, University of Verona, Verona, Italy. aldo.scarpa@univr.it ·Mod Pathol · Pubmed #20305616.

ABSTRACT: Pancreatic endocrine tumors are rare diseases and devising a clinically effective prognostic stratification of patients is a major clinical challenge. This study aimed at assessing whether the tumor-node-metastasis (TNM)-based staging and proliferative activity-based grading recently proposed by the European NeuroEndocrine Tumors Society (ENETS) have clinical value. TNM was applied to 274 patients with histologically diagnosed pancreatic endocrine tumors operated from 1991 to 2005, with last follow-up at December 2007. According to World Health Organization (WHO) classification, 246 were well-differentiated neoplasms (51 benign, 56 uncertain behavior, 139 carcinomas) and 28 poorly differentiated carcinomas. Grading was based on Ki67 immunohistochemistry. Survival analysis not only ascertained the prognostic value of the TNM system but also highlighted that in the absence of nodal and distant metastasis, infiltration and tumor dimensions over 4 cm had prognostic significance. T parameters were then appropriately modified to reflect this weakness. The 5-year survival for modified TNM stages I, II, III and IV were 100, 93, 65 and 35%, respectively. Multivariate analysis identified TNM stages as independent predictors of death, in which stages II, III and IV showed a risk of death of 7, 29 and 58 times higher than stage I tumors (P<0.0001). Ki67-based grading resulted an independent predictor of survival with cut-offs at 5 and 20%. In conclusion, WHO classification assigns clinically significant diagnostic categories to pancreatic endocrine tumors that need prognostic stratification by applying a staging system. The ENETS-TNM provides the best option, but it requires some modifications to be fully functional. The modified TNM described in this study ameliorates the clinical applicability and prediction of outcome of the ENETS-TNM; it (i) assigns a risk of death proportional to the stage at the time of diagnosis, and (ii) allows a clinically based staging of patients, as the T parameters as modified permit their clinical-radiological recognition. Ki67-based grading discerns prognosis of patients with same stage diseases.

6 Article Invasive intraductal papillary mucinous carcinomas of the pancreas: predictors of survival and the role of lymph node ratio. 2010

Partelli, Stefano / Fernandez-Del Castillo, Carlos / Bassi, Claudio / Mantovani, William / Thayer, Sarah P / Crippa, Stefano / Ferrone, Cristina R / Falconi, Massimo / Pederzoli, Paolo / Warshaw, Andrew L / Salvia, Roberto. ·Department of Surgery, University of Verona, Verona, Italy. ·Ann Surg · Pubmed #20142730.

ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) are being increasingly recognized, and often harbor cancer. Lymph node metastases are an important prognostic factor for patients with invasive intraductal papillary carcinoma (I-IPMC), but the role of lymph node ratio (LNR) in predicting survival after surgery for I-IPMC is unknown. METHODS: The combined databases from the Surgical Department of Massachusetts General Hospital of Boston and the University of Verona were queried. We retrospectively reviewed clinical and pathologic data of all patients with resected, pathologically confirmed, I-IPMC between 1990 and 2007. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed. RESULTS: I-IPMCs were diagnosed in 104 patients (55 males and 49 females), median age was 69 years. Recurrent disease was identified in 49 patients (47.1%) and the median 5-year disease specific survival (DSS) was 60.1%. The median number of resected/evaluated nodes was 15 (range, 5-60). There were 60 (57.7%) patients who had negative lymph nodes (N0), whereas 44 (42.3%) had lymph node metastases (N1). Patients with lymph node metastases had a shorter 5-year DSS (28.9%) compared with patients with negative lymph nodes (80.3%; P < 0.05) As the LNR increased, 5-year DSS decreased (LNR = 0, 86.5%; LNR >0 to 0.2, 34.4%; LNR >0.2, 11.1%; P < 0.05). On multivariate analysis, LNR, the presence of a family history of pancreatic cancer and a preoperative value of Ca 19.9 > 37 U/L were significant predictors of survival (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Lymph node ratio is a strong predictor of survival after resection for invasive intraductal papillary mucinous carcinoma.