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Pancreatic Neoplasms: HELP
Articles by John S. MacDonald
Based on 5 articles published since 2010
(Why 5 articles?)

Between 2010 and 2020, John Macdonald wrote the following 5 articles about Pancreatic Neoplasms.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Clinical Trial Five year results of US intergroup/RTOG 9704 with postoperative CA 19-9 ≤90 U/mL and comparison to the CONKO-001 trial. 2012

Berger, Adam C / Winter, Kathryn / Hoffman, John P / Regine, William F / Abrams, Ross A / Safran, Howard / Freedman, Gary M / Benson, Alan B / Macdonald, John / Willett, Christopher G. ·Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA. adam.berger@jefferson.edu ·Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys · Pubmed #22682806.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) trial 9704 was the largest randomized trial to use adjuvant chemoradiation therapy for patients with pancreatic cancer. This report analyzes 5-year survival by serum level of tumor marker CA 19-9 of ≤90 vs >90 U/mL and compares results to the those of the CONKO-001 trial. METHODS AND MATERIALS: CA 19-9 expression was analyzed as a dichotomized variable (≤90 vs >90 U/mL). Cox proportional hazard models were used to identify the impact of the CA 19-9 value on overall survival (OS). Actuarial estimates of OS were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: Both univariate (hazard ratio [HR] = 3.2; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.3-4.3, P<.0001) and multivariate (HR = 3.1; 95% CI, 2.2-4.2, P<.0001) analyses demonstrated a statistically significant decrease in OS for CA 19-9 serum level of ≥90 U/mL. For patients in the gemcitabine (Gem) treatment arm with CA 19-9 <90 U/mL, median survival was 21 months. For patients with CA 19-9 ≥90 U/mL, this number dropped to 10 months. In patients with pancreatic head tumors in the Gem treatment arm with RT quality assurance per protocol and CA 19-9 of <90 U/mL, median survival and 5-year rate were 24 months and 34%. In comparison, the median survival and 5-year OS rate for patients in the Gem arm of the CONKO trial were 22 months and 21%. CONCLUSIONS: This analysis demonstrates that patients with postresection CA 19-9 values ≥90 U/mL had a significantly worse survival. Patients with pancreatic head tumors treated with Gem with CA 19-9 serum level of <90 U/mL and per protocol RT had favorable survival compared to that seen in the CONKO trial. CA 19-9 is a stratification factor for the current RTOG adjuvant pancreas trial (0848).

2 Clinical Trial Failure to adhere to protocol specified radiation therapy guidelines was associated with decreased survival in RTOG 9704--a phase III trial of adjuvant chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy for patients with resected adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. 2012

Abrams, Ross A / Winter, Kathryn A / Regine, William F / Safran, Howard / Hoffman, John P / Lustig, Robert / Konski, Andre A / Benson, Al B / Macdonald, John S / Rich, Tyvin A / Willett, Christopher G. ·Department of Radiation Oncology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. ·Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys · Pubmed #21277694.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: In Radiation Therapy Oncology Group 9704, as previously published, patients with resected pancreatic adenocarcinoma received continuous infusion 5-FU and concurrent radiotherapy (5FU-RT). 5FU-RT treatment was preceded and followed by randomly assigned chemotherapy, either 5-FU or gemcitabine. This analysis explored whether failure to adhere to specified RT guidelines influenced survival and/or toxicity. METHODS AND MATERIALS: RT requirements were protocol specified. Adherence was scored as per protocol (PP) or less than per protocol (This is the first Phase III, multicenter, adjuvant protocol for pancreatic adenocarcinoma to evaluate the impact of adherence to specified RT protocol guidelines on protocol outcomes. Failure to adhere to specified RT guidelines was associated with reduced survival and, for patients receiving gemcitabine, trend toward increased nonhematologic toxicity.

3 Clinical Trial Fluorouracil-based chemoradiation with either gemcitabine or fluorouracil chemotherapy after resection of pancreatic adenocarcinoma: 5-year analysis of the U.S. Intergroup/RTOG 9704 phase III trial. 2011

Regine, William F / Winter, Kathryn A / Abrams, Ross / Safran, Howard / Hoffman, John P / Konski, Andre / Benson, Al B / Macdonald, John S / Rich, Tyvin A / Willett, Christopher G. ·Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA, wregine@umm.edu ·Ann Surg Oncol · Pubmed #21499862.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The impact of the addition of gemcitabine to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) chemoradiation (CRT) on 5-year overall survival (OS) in resected pancreatic adenocarcinoma are presented with updated results of a phase III trial. METHODS: After resection of pancreatic adenocarcinoma, patients were randomized to pre- and post-CRT 5-FU versus pre- and post-CRT gemcitabine. 5-FU was provided continuously at 250 mg/m(2)/day, and gemcitabine was provided at 1000 mg/m(2) weekly. Both were provided over 3 weeks before and 12 weeks after CRT. CRT was provided at 50.4 Gy with continuously provided 5-FU. The primary end point was survival for all patients and for patients with tumor of the pancreatic head. RESULTS: Four hundred fifty-one patients were eligible. Univariate analysis showed no difference in OS. Pancreatic head tumor patients (n = 388) had a median survival and 5-year OS of 20.5 months and 22% with gemcitabine versus 17.1 months and 18% with 5-FU. On multivariate analysis, patients on the gemcitabine arm with pancreatic head tumors experienced a trend toward improved OS (P = 0.08). First site of relapse local recurrence in 28% of patients versus distant relapse in 73%. CONCLUSIONS: The sequencing of 5-FU CRT with gemcitabine as done in this trial is not associated with a statistically significant improvement in OS. Despite local recurrence being approximately half of that reported in previous adjuvant trials, distant disease relapse still occurs in ≥ 70% of patients. These findings serve as the basis for the recently activated EORTC/U.S. Intergroup RTOG 0848 phase III adjuvant trial evaluating the impact of CRT after completion of a full course of gemcitabine.

4 Clinical Trial The influence of total nodes examined, number of positive nodes, and lymph node ratio on survival after surgical resection and adjuvant chemoradiation for pancreatic cancer: a secondary analysis of RTOG 9704. 2011

Showalter, Timothy N / Winter, Kathryn A / Berger, Adam C / Regine, William F / Abrams, Ross A / Safran, Howard / Hoffman, John P / Benson, Al B / MacDonald, John S / Willett, Christopher G. ·Department of Radiation Oncology, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA. ·Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys · Pubmed #20934270.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Lymph node status is an important predictor of survival in pancreatic cancer. We performed a secondary analysis of Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 9704, an adjuvant chemotherapy and chemoradiation trial, to determine the influence of lymph node factors--number of positive nodes (NPN), total nodes examined (TNE), and lymph node ratio (LNR ratio of NPN to TNE)--on OS and disease-free survival (DFS). PATIENT AND METHODS: Eligible patients from RTOG 9704 form the basis of this secondary analysis of lymph node parameters. Actuarial estimates for OS and DFS were calculated using Kaplan-Meier methods. Cox proportional hazards models were performed to evaluate associations of NPN, TNE, and LNR with OS and DFS. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were also performed. RESULTS: There were 538 patients enrolled in the RTOG 9704 trial. Of these, 445 patients were eligible with lymph nodes removed. Overall median NPN was 1 (min-max, 0-18). Increased NPN was associated with worse OS (HR=1.06, p=0.001) and DFS (HR=1.05, p=0.01). In multivariate analyses, both NPN and TNE were associated with OS and DFS. TNE>12, and >15 were associated with increased OS for all patients, but not for node-negative patients (n=142). Increased LNR was associated with worse OS (HR=1.01, p<0.0001) and DFS (HR=1.006, p=0.002). CONCLUSION: In patients who undergo surgical resection followed by adjuvant chemoradiation, TNE, NPN, and LNR are associated with OS and DFS. This secondary analysis of a prospective, cooperative group trial supports the influence of these lymph node parameters on outcomes after surgery and adjuvant therapy using contemporary techniques.

5 Article Precision Medicine and Pancreatic Cancer: A Gemcitabine Pathway Approach. 2016

Farrell, James J / Moughan, Jennifer / Wong, Jonathan L / Regine, William F / Schaefer, Paul / Benson, Al B / Macdonald, John S / Liu, Xiyong / Yen, Yun / Lai, Raymond / Zheng, Zhong / Bepler, Gerold / Guha, Chandan / Elsaleh, Hany. ·From the *Yale Center for Pancreatic Disease, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; †Statistics and Data Management Center, NRG Oncology, Philadelphia, PA; ‡Department of Medicine, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI; §Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD; ∥Oncology Program, Toledo Clinic, Toledo, OH; ¶Department of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; #Saint Vincent Comprehensive Cancer Center, New York; and **The Oncology Consortia of Criterium Inc, Saratoga Springs, NY; ††California Cancer Institute, Temple City, CA; ‡‡Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, and §§Program for Cancer Biology and Drug Discovery, College of Medical Science and Technology, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; ∥∥Department of Pathology, Cross Cancer Center, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; ¶¶Department of Pathology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL; ##Karmanos Cancer Institute; and ***Department of Oncology and Cancer Biology Graduate Program, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI; †††Department of Radiation Oncology, Montifiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY; and ‡‡‡Department of Radiation Oncology, The Canberra Hospital, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia. ·Pancreas · Pubmed #27748721.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: There is a need for validated predictive markers of gemcitabine response to guide precision medicine treatment in pancreatic cancer. We previously validated human equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1 as a predictive marker of gemcitabine treatment response using Radiation Therapy Oncology Group 9704. Controversy exists about the predictive value of gemcitabine metabolism pathway biomarkers: deoxycytidine kinase (DCK), ribonucleotide reductase 1 (RRM1), RRM2, and p53R2. METHODS: Radiation Therapy Oncology Group 9704 prospectively randomized 538 patients after pancreatic resection to receive either 5-fluorouracil or gemcitabine. Tumor DCK, RRM1, RRM2, and p53R protein expressions were analyzed using a tissue microarray and immunohistochemistry and correlated with treatment outcome (overall survival and disease-free survival) by unconditional logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: There were 229 patients eligible for analysis from both the 5-fluorouracil and gemcitabine arms. Only RRM2 protein expression, and not DCK, RRM1, or p53R2 protein expression, was associated with survival in the gemcitabine treatment arm. CONCLUSIONS: Despite limited data from other nonrandomized treatment data, our data do not support the predictive value of DCK, RRM1, or p53R2. Efforts should focus on human equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1 and possibly RRM2 as valid predictive markers of the treatment response of gemcitabine in pancreatic cancer.