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Pancreatic Neoplasms: HELP
Articles by Barbara Longobardi
Based on 3 articles published since 2009
(Why 3 articles?)

Between 2009 and 2019, Barbara Longobardi wrote the following 3 articles about Pancreatic Neoplasms.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Clinical Trial Hypofractionated image-guided IMRT in advanced pancreatic cancer with simultaneous integrated boost to infiltrated vessels concomitant with capecitabine: a phase I study. 2013

Passoni, Paolo / Reni, Michele / Cattaneo, Giovanni M / Slim, Najla / Cereda, Stefano / Balzano, Gianpaolo / Castoldi, Renato / Longobardi, Barbara / Bettinardi, Valentino / Gianolli, Luigi / Gusmini, Simone / Staudacher, Carlo / Calandrino, Riccardo / Di Muzio, Nadia. ·Department of Radiation Oncology, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy. Electronic address: passoni.paolo@hsr.it. ·Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys · Pubmed #24267968.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To determine the maximum tolerated radiation dose (MTD) of an integrated boost to the tumor subvolume infiltrating vessels, delivered simultaneously with radical dose to the whole tumor and concomitant capecitabine in patients with pretreated advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients with stage III or IV pancreatic adenocarcinoma without progressive disease after induction chemotherapy were eligible. Patients underwent simulated contrast-enhanced four-dimensional computed tomography and fluorodeoxyglucose-labeled positron emission tomography. Gross tumor volume 1 (GTV1), the tumor, and GTV2, the tumor subvolume 1 cm around the infiltrated vessels, were contoured. GTVs were fused to generate Internal Target Volume (ITV)1 and ITV2. Biological tumor volume (BTV) was fused with ITV1 to create the BTV+Internal Target Volume (ITV) 1. A margin of 5/5/7 mm (7 mm in cranium-caudal) was added to BTV+ITV1 and to ITV2 to create Planning Target Volume (PTV) 1 and PTV2, respectively. Radiation therapy was delivered with tomotherapy. PTV1 received a fixed dose of 44.25 Gy in 15 fractions, and PTV2 received a dose escalation from 48 to 58 Gy as simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) in consecutive groups of at least 3 patients. Concomitant chemotherapy was capecitabine, 1250 mg/m(2) daily. Dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) was defined as any treatment-related G3 nonhematological or G4 hematological toxicity occurring during the treatment or within 90 days from its completion. RESULTS: From June 2005 to February 2010, 25 patients were enrolled. The dose escalation on the SIB was stopped at 58 Gy without reaching the MTD. One patient in the 2(nd) dose level (50 Gy) had a DLT: G3 acute gastric ulcer. Three patients had G3 late adverse effects associated with gastric and/or duodenal mucosal damage. All patients received the planned dose of radiation. CONCLUSIONS: A dose of 44.25 Gy in 15 fractions to the whole tumor with an SIB of 58 Gy to small tumor subvolumes concomitant with capecitabine is feasible in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced pancreatic cancer.

2 Article Dosimetric and clinical predictors of toxicity following combined chemotherapy and moderately hypofractionated rotational radiotherapy of locally advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma. 2013

Cattaneo, Giovanni M / Passoni, Paolo / Longobardi, Barbara / Slim, Najla / Reni, Michele / Cereda, Stefano / di Muzio, Nadia / Calandrino, Riccardo. ·Medical Physics Department, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy. cattaneo.mauro@hsr.it ·Radiother Oncol · Pubmed #23726116.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hypofractionated radiotherapy (RT) of pancreatic adenocarcinoma is limited by the tolerance of adjacent normal tissues. A better understanding of the influence of dosimetric variables on the rate of toxicity after RT must be considered an important goal. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Sixty-one patients with histologically proven locally advanced disease (LAPD) were analyzed. The therapeutic strategy consisted of induction chemotherapy (ChT) followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT). In 39 out of 61 patients the target volume was based on a four-dimensional CT (4D-CT) procedure. Delivered dose was 44.25Gy in 15 fractions to PTV2, which consisted of pancreatic tumor and regional lymph nodes considered radiologically involved; 23 out of 61 patients received a simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) to a tumor sub-volume infiltrating the great abdominal vessels (PTV1) with dose in the range of 48-58Gy. RT was delivered with Helical Tomotherapy. Dose-volume histograms (DVHs) of target volumes and organs at risk (OARs) were collected for analysis. The predictive value of clinical/dosimetric parameters was tested by univariate/multivariate analyses. RESULTS: The crude incidence of acute gastrointestinal (GI) grade 2 toxicity was 33%. The 12-month actuarial rate of "anatomical" (gastro-duodenal mucosa damage) toxicity was 13% (95% CI: 4-22%). On univariate analysis, several stomach and duodenum DVH endpoints are predictive of toxicity after moderately hypofractionated radiotherapy. Multivariate analysis confirmed that baseline performance status and the stomach V20[%] were strong independent predictors of acute GI grade ⩾2 toxicity. The high-dose region of duodenum DVH (V45[%]; V40[%]) was strongly correlated with grade ⩾2 "anatomical" toxicity; the best V40[%] and V45[%] cut-off values were 16% and 2.6% respectively. CONCLUSION: Regarding dosimetric indices, stomach V20[%] correlates with a higher rate of acute toxicity; more severe acute and late anatomical toxicities are related to the high dose region of duodenum DVH.

3 Article Internal target volume defined by contrast-enhanced 4D-CT scan in unresectable pancreatic tumour: evaluation and reproducibility. 2010

Cattaneo, Giovanni Mauro / Passoni, Paolo / Sangalli, Giulia / Slim, Najla / Longobardi, Barbara / Mancosu, Pietro / Bettinardi, Valentino / Di Muzio, Nadia / Calandrino, Riccardo. ·Medical Physics Department, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milano, Italy. mauro.cattaneo@hsr.it ·Radiother Oncol · Pubmed #20826027.

ABSTRACT: We compared customized ITVs obtained with CE-4D-CT imaging (ITV(4D)) with a population-based (ITV(PBC)) in 29 patients (PTs) and evaluated the intra-observer ITV delineation reproducibility in 5 PTs with unresectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA). The ITV(PBC) was quite different from the ITV(4D), with under/over estimation of volume. Intra-observer volume delineation variability on CE-4D-CT and on a single-phase CE-CT were similar (27.6% vs 24.9%).