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Pancreatic Neoplasms: HELP
Articles by Thomas J. Giordano
Based on 3 articles published since 2010
(Why 3 articles?)

Between 2010 and 2020, Thomas Giordano wrote the following 3 articles about Pancreatic Neoplasms.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Article Gastrin Induces Nuclear Export and Proteasome Degradation of Menin in Enteric Glial Cells. 2017

Sundaresan, Sinju / Meininger, Cameron A / Kang, Anthony J / Photenhauer, Amanda L / Hayes, Michael M / Sahoo, Nirakar / Grembecka, Jolanta / Cierpicki, Tomasz / Ding, Lin / Giordano, Thomas J / Else, Tobias / Madrigal, David J / Low, Malcolm J / Campbell, Fiona / Baker, Ann-Marie / Xu, Haoxing / Wright, Nicholas A / Merchant, Juanita L. ·Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. · Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. · Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. · Division of Metabolism Endocrinology and Diabetes, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. · Endocrine Oncology Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. · Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. · Department of Pathology, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, United Kingdom. · Center for Tumour Biology, Barts Cancer Institute, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom. · Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Electronic address: merchanj@med.umich.edu. ·Gastroenterology · Pubmed #28859856.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND & AIMS: The multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 1 (MEN1) locus encodes the nuclear protein and tumor suppressor menin. MEN1 mutations frequently cause neuroendocrine tumors such as gastrinomas, characterized by their predominant duodenal location and local metastasis at time of diagnosis. Diffuse gastrin cell hyperplasia precedes the appearance of MEN1 gastrinomas, which develop within submucosal Brunner's glands. We investigated how menin regulates expression of the gastrin gene and induces generation of submucosal gastrin-expressing cell hyperplasia. METHODS: Primary enteric glial cultures were generated from the VillinCre:Men1 RESULTS: Enteric glial cells that stained positive for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP+) expressed gastrin de novo through a mechanism that required PKA. Gastrin-induced nuclear export of menin via cholecystokinin B receptor (CCKBR)-mediated activation of PKA. Once exported from the nucleus, menin was ubiquitinated and degraded by the proteasome. GFAP and other markers of enteric glial cells (eg, p75 and S100B), colocalized with gastrin in human duodenal gastrinomas. CONCLUSIONS: MEN1-associated gastrinomas, which develop in the submucosa, might arise from enteric glial cells through hormone-dependent PKA signaling. This pathway disrupts nuclear menin function, leading to hypergastrinemia and associated sequelae.

2 Article Poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas of the pancreas: a clinicopathologic analysis of 44 cases. 2014

Basturk, Olca / Tang, Laura / Hruban, Ralph H / Adsay, Volkan / Yang, Zhaohai / Krasinskas, Alyssa M / Vakiani, Efsevia / La Rosa, Stefano / Jang, Kee-Taek / Frankel, Wendy L / Liu, Xiuli / Zhang, Lizhi / Giordano, Thomas J / Bellizzi, Andrew M / Chen, Jey-Hsin / Shi, Chanjuan / Allen, Peter / Reidy, Diane L / Wolfgang, Christopher L / Saka, Burcu / Rezaee, Neda / Deshpande, Vikram / Klimstra, David S. ·Departments of *Pathology ***Surgery †††Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY †Department of Pathology, The Sol Goldman Pancreatic Cancer Research Center ‡‡‡Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD ‡Department of Pathology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA §Department of Pathology, Penn State Hershey MC, Hershey ∥Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA **Department of Pathology, Ohio State University, Columbus ††Department of Pathology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH ‡‡Department of Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN §§Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI ∥∥Department of Pathology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, IA ¶¶Department of Pathology, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN ##Department of Pathology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN §§§Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA ¶Department of Pathology, Ospedale di Circolo, Varese, Italy #Department of Pathology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. ·Am J Surg Pathol · Pubmed #24503751.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: In the pancreas, poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas include small cell carcinoma and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma and are rare; data regarding their pathologic and clinical features are very limited. DESIGN: A total of 107 pancreatic resections originally diagnosed as poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas were reassessed using the classification and grading (mitotic rate/Ki67 index) criteria put forth by the World Health Organization in 2010 for the gastroenteropancreatic system. Immunohistochemical labeling for neuroendocrine and acinar differentiation markers was performed. Sixty-three cases were reclassified, mostly as well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor (NET) or acinar cell carcinoma, and eliminated. The clinicopathologic features and survival of the remaining 44 poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas were further assessed. RESULTS: The mean patient age was 59 years (range, 21 to 82 y), and the male/female ratio was 1.4. Twenty-seven tumors were located in the head of the pancreas, 3 in the body, and 11 in the tail. The median tumor size was 4 cm (range, 2 to 18 cm). Twenty-seven tumors were large cell neuroendocrine carcinomas, and 17 were small cell carcinomas (mean mitotic rate, 37/10 and 51/10 HPF; mean Ki67 index, 66% and 75%, respectively). Eight tumors had combined components, mostly adenocarcinomas. In addition, 2 tumors had components of well-differentiated NET. Eighty-eight percent of the patients had nodal or distant metastatic disease at presentation, and an additional 7% developed metastases subsequently. Follow-up information was available for 43 patients; 33 died of disease, with a median survival of 11 months (range, 0 to 104 mo); 8 were alive with disease, with a median follow-up of 19.5 months (range, 0 to 71 mo). The 2- and 5-year survival rates were 22.5% and 16.1%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma of the pancreas is a highly aggressive neoplasm, with frequent metastases and poor survival. Most patients die within less than a year. Most (61%) are large cell neuroendocrine carcinomas. Well-differentiated NET and acinar cell carcinoma are often misdiagnosed as poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma, emphasizing that diagnostic criteria need to be clearly followed to ensure accurate diagnosis.

3 Article GSK3beta and beta-catenin modulate radiation cytotoxicity in pancreatic cancer. 2010

Watson, Richard L / Spalding, Aaron C / Zielske, Steven P / Morgan, Meredith / Kim, Alex C / Bommer, Guido T / Eldar-Finkelman, Hagit / Giordano, Thomas / Fearon, Eric R / Hammer, Gary D / Lawrence, Theodore S / Ben-Josef, Edgar. ·Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. ·Neoplasia · Pubmed #20454507.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Knowledge of factors and mechanisms contributing to the inherent radioresistance of pancreatic cancer may improve cancer treatment. Irradiation inhibits glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK3beta) by phosphorylation at serine 9. In turn, release of cytosolic membrane beta-catenin with subsequent nuclear translocation promotes survival. Both GSK3beta and beta-catenin have been implicated in cancer cell proliferation and resistance to death. METHODS: We investigated pancreatic cancer cell survival after radiation in vitro and in vivo, with a particular focus on the role of the function of the GSK3beta/beta-catenin axis. RESULTS: Lithium chloride, RNAi-medicated silencing of GSK3beta, or the expression of a kinase dead mutant GSK3beta resulted in radioresistance of Panc1 and BxPC3 pancreatic cancer cells. Conversely, ectopic expression of a constitutively active form of GSK3beta resulted in radiosensitization of Panc1 cells. GSK3beta silencing increased radiation-induced beta-catenin target gene expression as measured by studies of AXIN2 and LEF1 transcript levels. Western blot analysis of total and phosphorylated levels of GSK3beta and beta-catenin showed that GSK3beta inhibition resulted in stabilization of beta-catenin. Xenografts of both BxPC3 and Panc1 with targeted silencing of GSK3beta exhibited radioresistance in vivo. Silencing of beta-catenin resulted in radiosensitization, whereas a nondegradable beta-catenin construct induced radioresistance. CONCLUSIONS: These data support the hypothesis that GSK3beta modulates the cellular response to radiation in a beta-catenin-dependent mechanism. Further understanding of this pathway may enhance the development of clinical trials combining drugs inhibiting beta-catenin activation with radiation and chemotherapy in locally advanced pancreatic cancer.