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Pancreatic Neoplasms: HELP
Articles by Sivakumar Gananadha
Based on 7 articles published since 2010
(Why 7 articles?)

Between 2010 and 2020, S. Gananadha wrote the following 7 articles about Pancreatic Neoplasms.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Article Endovascular stenting of mesenterico-portal vein stenosis to reduce blood flow through venous collaterals prior to pancreatoduodenectomy. 2015

Chua, Terence C / Wang, Frank / Maher, Richard / Gananadha, Sivakumar / Mittal, Anubhav / Samra, Jaswinder S. ·Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Discipline of Surgery, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia, terence.c.chua@gmail.com. ·Langenbecks Arch Surg · Pubmed #25998372.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: When the mesenterico-portal vein is stenosed due to tumor related compression, venous collaterals develop and flow occurs antegrade towards the portal vein through the collateral tributaries. Undertaking pancreatoduodenectomy for pancreatic cancer in this setting may result in significant blood loss during the process of ligation of these tributaries. DESCRIPTION OF TECHNIQUE: We describe the technique of endovascular stenting of the mesenterico-portal vein to reduce flow within these collateral tributaries and hence blood loss, to facilitate extended pancreatoduodenectomy and vein resection. CONCLUSION: Percutaneous transhepatic placement of endovascular stent into a stenotic mesentero-portal vein facilitates pancreatoduodenectomy by reducing operative time, which would otherwise be required in dealing with the extensive venous collaterals and hence also reducing blood loss.

2 Article Adverse tumor biology associated with mesenterico-portal vein resection influences survival in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. 2014

Wang, F / Gill, A J / Neale, M / Puttaswamy, V / Gananadha, S / Pavlakis, N / Clarke, S / Hugh, T J / Samra, J S. ·Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Royal North Shore Hospital and North Shore Private Hospital, University of Sydney, St Leonards, NSW, Australia, fwang1881@gmail.com. ·Ann Surg Oncol · Pubmed #24558067.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Although pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) with mesenterico-portal vein resection (VR) can be performed safely in patients with resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), the impact of this approach on long-term survival is controversial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Analyses of a prospectively collected database revealed 122 consecutive patients with PDAC who underwent PD with (PD+VR) or without (PD-VR) VR between January 2004 and May 2012. Clinical data, operative results, and survival outcomes were analysed. RESULTS: Sixty-four (53 %) patients underwent PD+VR. The majority (84 %) of the venous reconstructions were performed with a primary end-to-end anastomosis. Demographic and postoperative outcomes were similar between the two groups. American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, duration of operation, intraoperative blood loss, and blood transfusion requirement were significantly greater in the PD+VR group compared with the PD-VR group. Furthermore, the tumor size was larger, and the rates of periuncinate neural invasion and positive resection margin were higher in the PD+VR group compared with the PD-VR group. Histological venous involvement occurred in 47 of 62 (76 %) patients in the PD+VR group. At a median follow-up of 29 months, the median overall survival (OS) was 18 months for the PD+VR group, and 31 months for the PD-VR group (p = 0.016). ASA score, lymph node metastasis, neurovascular invasion, and tumor differentiation were predictive of survival. The need for VR in itself was not prognostic of survival. CONCLUSIONS: PD with VR has similar morbidity but worse OS compared with a PD-VR. Although VR is not predictive of survival, tumors requiring a PD+VR have more adverse biological features.

3 Article The clinical impact of early complete pancreatic head devascularisation during pancreatoduodenectomy. 2013

Gundara, J S / Wang, F / Alvarado-Bachmann, R / Williams, N / Choi, J / Gananadha, S / Gill, A J / Hugh, T J / Samra, J S. ·Upper Gastrointestinal Surgical Unit, Royal North Shore Hospital, University of Sydney, St Leonards, Australia. ·Am J Surg · Pubmed #23809671.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Early inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery (IPDA) ligation reduces intraoperative blood loss during pancreatoduodenectomy, but the impact on oncologic and long-term outcomes remains unknown. The aim of this study was to review the impact of complete pancreatic head devascularization during pancreatoduodenectomy on blood loss, transfusion rates, and clinicopathologic outcomes. METHODS: Clinicopathologic and outcome data were retrieved from a prospective database for all pancreatoduodenectomies performed from April 2004 to November 2010 and compared between early (IPDA+; n = 62) and late (IPDA-; n = 65) IPDA ligation groups. RESULTS: Early IPDA ligation was associated with reduced blood loss (394 ± 21 vs 679 ± 24 ml, P < .001) and perioperative transfusion (P = .031). A trend toward improved R0 resection was seen in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma (IPDA+ vs IPDA-, 100% vs 82%; P = .059), but this did not translate to improved 2-year (IPDA+ vs IPDA-, 76% vs 65%; P = .426) or overall (P = .82) survival. CONCLUSIONS: Early IPDA ligation reduces blood loss and transfusion requirements. Despite overall survival being unchanged, a trend toward improved R0 resection is encouraging and justifies further studies to ascertain the true oncologic significance of this technique.

4 Article Grafts for mesenterico-portal vein resections can be avoided during pancreatoduodenectomy. 2012

Wang, Frank / Arianayagam, Ranjan / Gill, Anthony / Puttaswamy, Vikram / Neale, Michael / Gananadha, Sivakumar / Hugh, Thomas J / Samra, Jaswinder S. ·Upper Gastrointestinal Surgical Unit, Royal North Shore Hospital and North Shore Private Hospital, St Leonards, New South Wales, Australia. ·J Am Coll Surg · Pubmed #22762991.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess whether pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) and en bloc mesenterico-portal resection (PD+VR) could be performed with primary venous reconstruction, avoiding a vascular graft. In addition, the short-term surgical outcomes of this approach were compared with a standard PD (PD-VR). STUDY DESIGN: Two hundred twelve patients underwent PD between January 2004 and June 2011. Clinical data, operative results, pathologic findings, and postoperative outcomes were collected prospectively and analyzed. RESULTS: One hundred fifty patients (71%) had PD-VR and 62 patients underwent PD+VR. The majority (82%) of the venous reconstructions were performed with primary end-to-end anastomosis. Only 1 patient had synthetic interposition graft repair. The volume of intraoperative blood loss and the perioperative blood transfusion requirements were significantly greater, and the duration of the operation was significantly longer in the PD+VR group compared with the PD-VR group. There were no significant differences in the length of hospitalization, postoperative morbidity, or grades of complications between the 2 groups. Multivariate logistic regression identified American Society of Anesthesiologists score as the only predictor of postoperative morbidity. Fifty percent of patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma (n = 101) required VR. A significantly higher rate of positive resection margins (p < 0.001) was noted in the PD+VR subgroup compared with PD-VR subgroup. Furthermore, high intraoperative blood loss and neural invasion were predictive of a positive resection margin. CONCLUSIONS: Pancreatoduodenectomy with VR and primary venous anastomosis avoids the need for a graft and has comparable postoperative morbidity with PD-VR. However, it is associated with an increased operative time, higher intraoperative blood loss, and, for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, a higher rate of positive resection margins compared with PD-VR.

5 Article Multivisceral resection of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours: a report of two cases. 2011

Gundara, Justin S / Alvarado-Bachmann, Raul / Williams, Nicholas / Gananadha, Sivakumar / Gill, Anthony / Hugh, Thomas J / Samra, Jaswinder S. ·Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Royal North Shore Hospital, University of Sydney, St Leonards NSW 2065, Australia. ·World J Surg Oncol · Pubmed #21859472.

ABSTRACT: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (pNETs) are rare and surgical resection offers the only possibility of cure for localised disease. The role of surgery in the setting of locally advanced and metastatic disease is more controversial. Emerging data suggests that synchronous surgical resection of pancreas and liver may be associated with increased survival. We report two cases of synchronous, one stage multivisceral resections for pNET and associated reconstruction. We highlight the technical issues involved in such extensive resections and demonstrate that one stage multivisceral operations can be achieved safely.

6 Article One hundred and seventy-eight consecutive pancreatoduodenectomies without mortality: role of the multidisciplinary approach. 2011

Samra, Jaswinder S / Bachmann, Raul Alvarado / Choi, Julian / Gill, Anthony / Neale, Michael / Puttaswamy, Vikram / Bell, Cameron / Norton, Ian / Cho, Sarah / Blome, Steven / Maher, Ritchie / Gananadha, Sivakumar / Hugh, Thomas J. ·Upper Gastrointestinal Surgical Unit, University of Sydney, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, NSW 2065, Sydney, Australia. jaswinder.samra@optusnet.com.au ·Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int · Pubmed #21813392.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Pancreatoduodenectomy offers the only chance of cure for patients with periampullary cancers. This, however, is a major undertaking in most patients and is associated with a significant morbidity and mortality. A multidisciplinary approach to the workup and follow-up of patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy was initiated at our institution to improve the diagnosis, resection rate, mortality and morbidity. We undertook the study to assess the effect of this approach on diagnosis, resection rates and short-term outcomes such as morbidity and mortality. METHODS: A prospective database of patients presenting with periampullary cancers to a single surgeon between April 2004 and April 2010 was reviewed. All cases were discussed at a multidisciplinary meeting comprising surgeons, gastroenterologists, radiologists, oncologists, radiation oncologists, pathologists and nursing staff. A standardized investigation and management algorithm was followed. Complications were graded according to the Clavien-Dindo classification. RESULTS: A total of 295 patients with a periampullary lesion were discussed and 178 underwent pancreatoduodenectomy (resection rate 60%). Sixty-one patients (34%) required either a vascular or an additional organ resection. Eighty-nine patients experienced complications, of which the commonest was blood transfusion (12%). Thirty-four patients (19%) had major complications, i.e. grade 3 or above. There was no in-hospital, 30-day or 60-day mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Pancreatoduodenectomy can safely be performed in high-volume centers with very low mortality. The surgeon's role should be careful patient selection, intensive preoperative investigations, use of a team approach, and an unbiased discussion at a multidisciplinary meeting to optimize the outcome in these patients.

7 Article The infracolic approach to pancreatoduodenectomy for large pancreatic head tumours invading the colon. 2010

Alvarado-Bachmann, R / Choi, J / Gananadha, S / Hugh, T J / Samra, J S. ·Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Royal North Shore Hospital, University of Sydney, St Leonards, NSW 2065, Australia. ·Eur J Surg Oncol · Pubmed #20843644.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Tumours arising from the head of the pancreas can invade both the proximal transverse colon and its mesocolon. At laparoscopy, this may be considered a contraindication to proceeding to pancreatoduodenectomy. However, in some patients, pancreatoduodenectomy can still be performed with an R0 resection using an en-bloc resection technique by an infracolic approach. METHODS: This technique relies on the infracolic control of the superior mesenteric vein (SMV) and is based on the presence of a normal fat cuff around the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) on pre-operative imaging. The dissection is maintained along the adventitial plane of the SMA. Pancreatoduodenectomy is performed in conjunction with en-bloc resection of the transverse colon. In the event of tumour invading the SMV, this is also resected en-bloc with the pancreatic head and transverse colon. We reviewed all such cases performed at our institution between April 2004 and April 2009. RESULTS: This technique was attempted in eleven patients. In two patients, the procedure had to be abandoned because of unexpected SMA encasement by tumour. In the remaining nine patients this procedure was carried out successfully. In this paper, the infracolic approach to pancreatoduodenectomy, and the associated limitations, are described in detail. CONCLUSION: The infracolic technique may be used to deal with large pancreatic head tumours and all pancreatic surgeons should be familiar with this technique. In the absence of metastatic disease, large pancreatic head tumours involving the colon can be resected en-bloc with the pancreatic head, as long as the SMA is not encased by the tumour.