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Pancreatic Neoplasms: HELP
Articles by L. Fischer
Based on 3 articles published since 2010
(Why 3 articles?)

Between 2010 and 2020, L. Fischer wrote the following 3 articles about Pancreatic Neoplasms.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Review [Neuroendocrine tumors of the duodenum and pancreas. Surgical strategy]. 2011

Fischer, L / Mehrabi, A / Büchler, M W. ·Klinik für Allgemein-, Viszeral- und Transplantationschirurgie, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, Heidelberg, Germany. ·Chirurg · Pubmed #21656305.

ABSTRACT: The incidence of neuroendocrine tumors (NET) has increased worldwide by 3-5 times over the last decades. This is mainly based on the broad use of imaging modalities such as computed tomography (CT) and endoscopic approaches. As a consequence many duodenal and pancreatic tumors are detected in an early stage resulting in an improved prognosis of these patients. Besides the measurement of serum chromogranin A and 5-hydroxy indolic acid measured in 24 h urine collection, CT, endosonographic ultrasound (EUS) and endoscopy are important diagnostic tools. About 20% of all patients with pancreatic and duodenal NETs are diagnosed because of specific symptoms. More than 95% of diagnosed NETs are sporadic tumors. Whenever possible these patients should be treated by resection. Benign neuroendocrine duodenal tumors up to 1 cm in size can be removed endoscopically. The endoscopic resection of larger tumors should be performed surgically. The therapy of hereditary NETs of the duodenum and the pancreas should be decided after interdisciplinary discussion. However, even these patients seem to benefit from resection. In case of metastatic disease debulking surgery should be considered if more than 90% of the tumor mass can be resected. In patients with extensive liver metastases but resectable primary NET, liver transplantation is a reasonable option. There is no consensus about adjuvant or neoadjuvant treatment of duodenal or pancreatic NETs. The therapy with everolimus or sunitinib in advanced tumor stages has shown promising results. The administration of somatostatin analogues or antacids is appropriate for symptom reduction.

2 Article Outcome of surgery for pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms. 2014

Fischer, L / Bergmann, F / Schimmack, S / Hinz, U / Prieß, S / Müller-Stich, B P / Werner, J / Hackert, T / Büchler, M W. ·Departments of Surgery, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. ·Br J Surg · Pubmed #25132004.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The incidence of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (pNEN) is increasing. This study aimed to evaluate predictors of overall survival and the indication for surgery. METHODS: Data collected between October 2001 and December 2012 were analysed. Histological grading and staging was based on the classifications of the World Health Organization, the International Union Against Cancer and the European Neuroendocrine Tumour Society. RESULTS: Some 310 patients (150 female, 48·4 per cent) underwent surgical resection. The final survival analysis included 291 patients. Five-year overall survival differed according to tumour grade (G): 91·0 per cent among 156 patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (pNET) G1, 70·8 per cent in 111 patients with pNET G2, and 20 per cent in 24 patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine carcinomas (pNEC) G3 (P < 0·001). Tumours graded G3 (hazard ratio (HR) 6·96, 95 per cent confidence interval 3·67 to 13·21), the presence of distant metastasis (HR 2·41, 1·32 to 4·42) and lymph node metastasis (HR 2·10, 1·07 to 4·16) were independent predictors of worse survival (P < 0·001, P = 0·004 and P = 0·032 respectively). Eight of 61 asymptomatic patients with pNEN smaller than 2 cm had tumours graded G2 or G3, and six of 51 patients had lymph node metastasis. Among patients with pNEC G3, the presence of distant metastasis had a significant impact on the 5-year overall survival rate: 0 per cent versus 43 per cent in those without distant metastasis (P = 0·036). CONCLUSION: Neuroendocrine tumours graded G3, lymph node and distant metastasis are independent predictors of worse overall survival in patients with pNEN.

3 Article TNM staging of neoplasms of the endocrine pancreas: results from a large international cohort study. 2012

Rindi, G / Falconi, M / Klersy, C / Albarello, L / Boninsegna, L / Buchler, M W / Capella, C / Caplin, M / Couvelard, A / Doglioni, C / Delle Fave, G / Fischer, L / Fusai, G / de Herder, W W / Jann, H / Komminoth, P / de Krijger, R R / La Rosa, S / Luong, T V / Pape, U / Perren, A / Ruszniewski, P / Scarpa, A / Schmitt, A / Solcia, E / Wiedenmann, B. ·Institute of Anatomic Pathology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Histopathology and Cytodiagnosis Unit, Policlinico Gemelli, Largo A. Gemelli, 8, Roma I-00168, Italy. guido.rindi@rm.unicatt.it ·J Natl Cancer Inst · Pubmed #22525418.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Both the European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society (ENETS) and the International Union for Cancer Control/American Joint Cancer Committee/World Health Organization (UICC/AJCC/WHO) have proposed TNM staging systems for pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms. This study aims to identify the most accurate and useful TNM system for pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms. METHODS: The study included 1072 patients who had undergone previous surgery for their cancer and for which at least 2 years of follow-up from 1990 to 2007 was available. Data on 28 variables were collected, and the performance of the two TNM staging systems was compared by Cox regression analysis and multivariable analyses. All statistical tests were two-sided. RESULTS: Differences in distribution of sex and age were observed for the ENETS TNM staging system. At Cox regression analysis, only the ENETS TNM staging system perfectly allocated patients into four statistically significantly different and equally populated risk groups (with stage I as the reference; stage II hazard ratio [HR] of death = 16.23, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.14 to 123, P = .007; stage III HR of death = 51.81, 95% CI = 7.11 to 377, P < .001; and stage IV HR of death = 160, 95% CI = 22.30 to 1143, P < .001). However, the UICC/AJCC/WHO 2010 TNM staging system compressed the disease into three differently populated classes, with most patients in stage I, and with the patients being equally distributed into stages II-III (statistically similar) and IV (with stage I as the reference; stage II HR of death = 9.57, 95% CI = 4.62 to 19.88, P < .001; stage III HR of death = 9.32, 95% CI = 3.69 to 23.53, P = .94; and stage IV HR of death = 30.84, 95% CI = 15.62 to 60.87, P < .001). Multivariable modeling indicated curative surgery, TNM staging, and grading were effective predictors of death, and grading was the second most effective independent predictor of survival in the absence of staging information. Though both TNM staging systems were independent predictors of survival, the UICC/AJCC/WHO 2010 TNM stages showed very large 95% confidence intervals for each stage, indicating an inaccurate predictive ability. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest the ENETS TNM staging system is superior to the UICC/AJCC/WHO 2010 TNM staging system and supports its use in clinical practice.