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Pancreatic Neoplasms: HELP
Articles by Sara Delfanti
Based on 4 articles published since 2010
(Why 4 articles?)
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Between 2010 and 2020, Sara Delfanti wrote the following 4 articles about Pancreatic Neoplasms.
 
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Clinical Trial Preoperative chemotherapy and carbon ions therapy for treatment of resectable and borderline resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma: a prospective, phase II, multicentre, single-arm study. 2019

Vitolo, Viviana / Cobianchi, Lorenzo / Brugnatelli, Silvia / Barcellini, Amelia / Peloso, Andrea / Facoetti, Angelica / Vanoli, Alessandro / Delfanti, Sara / Preda, Lorenzo / Molinelli, Silvia / Klersy, Catherine / Fossati, Piero / Orecchia, Roberto / Valvo, Francesca. ·National Center of Oncological Hadrontherapy (Fondazione CNAO), Pavia, Italy. · General Surgery Department, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy. · Department of Clinical, Surgical, Diagnostic and Pediatric Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy. · Department of Oncology, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy. · National Center of Oncological Hadrontherapy (Fondazione CNAO), Pavia, Italy. amelia.barcellini@cnao.it. · Hepatology and Transplantation Laboratory, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland. · Divisions of Abdominal and Transplantation Surgery, Department of Surgery, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland. · Anatomic Pathology Unit, Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Pavia and Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy. · Service of Clinical Epidemiology & Biometry, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy. · MedAustron Ion Therapy Center, Wiener Neustadt, Austria. · European Institute of Oncology (IEO), Milan, Italy. ·BMC Cancer · Pubmed #31521134.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is a high-mortality neoplasm with a documented 5-years-overall survival around 5%. In the last decades, a real breakthrough in the treatment of the disease has not been achieved. Here we propose a prospective, phase II, multicentre, single-arm study aiming to assess the efficacy and the feasibility of a therapeutic protocol combining chemotherapy, carbon ion therapy and surgery for resectable and borderline resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma. METHOD: The purpose of this trial (PIOPPO Protocol) is to assess the efficacy and the feasibility of 3 cycles of FOLFIRINOX neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by a short-course of carbon ion radiotherapy (CIRT) for resectable or borderline resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma patients. Primary outcome of this study is the assessment of local progression free survival (L-PFS). The calculation of sample size is based on the analysis of the primary endpoint "progression free survival" according to Fleming's Procedure. DISCUSSION: Very preliminary results provide initial evidence of the feasibility of the combined chemotherapy and CIRT in the neoadjuvant setting for resectable or borderline resectable pancreatic cancer. Completion of the accrual and long term results are awaited to see if this combination of treatment is advisable and will provide the expected benefits. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03822936 registered on January 2019.

2 Article Comparison of pathology sampling protocols for pancreatoduodenectomy specimens. 2020

Grillo, Federica / Ferro, Jacopo / Vanoli, Alessandro / Delfanti, Sara / Pitto, Francesca / Peñuela, Leonardo / Bianchi, Rita / Grami, Oneda / Fiocca, Roberto / Mastracci, Luca. ·Anatomic Pathology Unit, Department of Surgical Sciences and Integrated Diagnostics (DISC), University of Genoa, Largo Rosanna Benzi 10, 16132, Genoa, Italy. federica.grillo@unige.it. · Ospedale Policlinico San Martino Genoa, Largo Rosanna Benzi 10, 16132, Genoa, Italy. federica.grillo@unige.it. · Anatomic Pathology Unit, Department of Surgical Sciences and Integrated Diagnostics (DISC), University of Genoa, Largo Rosanna Benzi 10, 16132, Genoa, Italy. · Unit of Anatomic Pathology, Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Pavia, Viale Camillo Golgi, 19, 27100, Pavia, Italy. · Anatomic Pathology, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Viale Camillo Golgi, 19, 27100, Pavia, Italy. · Medical Oncology, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Viale Camillo Golgi, 19, 27100, Pavia, Italy. · Ospedale Policlinico San Martino Genoa, Largo Rosanna Benzi 10, 16132, Genoa, Italy. ·Virchows Arch · Pubmed #31802231.

ABSTRACT: Pancreatoduodenectomy is one of the most challenging surgical specimens for pathologists. Recently, two different, standardized protocols have been proposed: the axial slicing Leeds protocol (LP) and the bi-valving Adsay protocol (AP). Comparison between standardized and non-standardized protocols (NSP) was performed with emphasis on margin involvement and lymph node yield. Pancreatoduodenectomy cases were retrospectively recruited: 46 sampled with LP, 52 cases with AP and 46 cases with NSP. Clinico-pathologic data and rates of margin/surface involvement were collected and their prognostic influence on survival was assessed. Statistical differences between NSP and AP and LP were seen for nodal yield (p = 0.0001), N+ (p = 0.0001) and lymph node ratio - LNR (p < 0.0008) but not between AP and LP. Differences in R1/R0 status were statistically significant between NSP group (R1-15%) and both the LP (R1-73.9%) and AP (R1-70%) groups (p = 0.0001) but not between LP and AP groups. At univariate survival analysis, grade (p = 0.0023) and number of involved margins (p = 0.0096) in AP and "N-category" (p = 0.0057) "resection margin status" (p = 0.0094), "stage" (p = 0.0143), and "number of involved margins" (p = 0.00398) in LP were statistically significant, while no variable was significant in the NSP group. At multivariate analysis "N category," "resection margin status," "stage," "number of involved margins," and "LNR" retained significance for the LP group. These results show that both LP and AP perform better than non-standardized sampling making standardization mandatory in pancreatoduodenectomy cut up. Both AP and LP show strengths and weaknesses, and these may impact on the choice of protocol in different institutions.

3 Article The Italian Rare Pancreatic Exocrine Cancer Initiative. 2019

Brunetti, Oronzo / Luchini, Claudio / Argentiero, Antonella / Tommasi, Stefania / Mangia, Anita / Aprile, Giuseppe / Marchetti, Paolo / Vasile, Enrico / Casadei Gardini, Andrea / Scartozzi, Mario / Barni, Sandro / Delfanti, Sara / De Vita, Fernando / Di Costanzo, Francesco / Milella, Michele / Cella, Chiara Alessandra / Berardi, Rossana / Cataldo, Ivana / Santini, Daniele / Doglioni, Claudio / Maiello, Evaristo / Lawlor, Rita T / Mazzaferro, Vincenzo / Lonardi, Sara / Giuliante, Felice / Brandi, Giovanni / Scarpa, Aldo / Cascinu, Stefano / Silvestris, Nicola. ·1 Medical Oncology Unit, IRCCS Cancer Institute "Giovanni Paolo II" of Bari, Bari, Italy. · 2 Department of Diagnostics and Public Health, Section of Pathology, University of Verona, Verona, Italy. · 3 Molecular Diagnostics and Pharmacogenetics Unit, IRCCS Istituto Tumori "Giovanni Paolo II", Bari, Italy. · 4 Functional Biomorphology Laboratory, IRCCS-Istituto Tumori, Bari, Italy. · 5 Medical Oncology Unit, Hospital of Vicenza, Vicenza, Italy. · 6 Medical Oncology Unit, Sant'Andrea Hospital, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy. · 7 Medical Oncology Unit, University Hospital of Pisa, Pisa, Italy. · 8 Medical Oncology Unit, Scientific Institute of Romagna for the Study and Treatment of Cancer (IRST), Meldola, Italy. · 9 Medical Oncology Unit, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy. · 10 Medical Oncology Unit, ASST Bergamo Ovest, Treviglio, Italy. · 11 Medical Oncology Unit, IRCCS Foundation Polyclinic San Matteo, Pavia, Italy. · 12 Medical Oncology Unit, II University of Naples, Naples, Italy. · 13 Medical Oncology Unit, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy. · 14 Medical Oncology Unit, "Regina Elena" National Cancer Institute, Rome, Italy. · 15 Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology and Neuroendocrine Tumors, European Institute of Oncology (IEO), Milan, Italy. · 16 Medical Oncology Unit, Polytechnic University of the Marche, "Ospedali Riuniti Ancona," Ancona, Italy. · 17 Department of Pathology and Diagnostics, University of Verona Hospital Trust, Policlinico GB Rossi, Verona, Italy. · 18 Medical Oncology Unit, University Campus Biomedico, Rome, Italy. · 19 Department of Medical Oncology, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy. · 20 Medical Oncology Unit, IRCCS "Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza" Foundation, San Giovanni Rotondo, Italy. · 21 Arc-Net Centre for Applied Research on Cancer, University and Hospital Trust of Verona, Verona, Italy. · 22 Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, University of Milan, Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Fondazione IRCCS, Milan, Italy. · 23 Medical Oncology Unit, IRCCS Veneto Institute of Oncology (IOV), Padua, Italy. · 24 Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit, IRCCS A. Gemelli Polyclinic Foundation, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy. · 25 Oncology Unit, Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. · 26 Medical Oncology Unit, Modena Cancer Center, University Hospital of Modena, Modena, Italy. · 27 Scientific Direction, IRCCS Cancer Institute "Giovanni Paolo II" of Bari, Bari, Italy. ·Tumori · Pubmed #30967031.

ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Exocrine pancreatic cancers include common type pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and cystic neoplasms, which account for 85% and 10% of cases, respectively. The remaining 5% are rare histotypes, comprising adenosquamous carcinoma, acinar cell carcinoma, signet ring cell carcinoma, medullary carcinoma, pancreatoblastoma, hepatoid carcinoma, undifferentiated carcinoma and its variant with osteoclast-like giant cells, solid pseudopapillary carcinoma, and carcinosarcoma. Due to their low incidence, little knowledge is available on their clinical and molecular features as well as on treatment choices. The national initiative presented here aims at the molecular characterization of series of rare histotypes for which therapeutic and follow-up data are available. METHODS: A nationwide Italian Rare Pancreatic Cancer (IRaPaCa) task force whose first initiative is a multicentric retrospective study involving 21 Italian cancer centers to retrieve histologic material and clinical and treatment data of at least 100 patients with rare exocrine pancreatic cancers has been created. After histologic revision by a panel of expert pathologists, DNA and RNA from paraffin tissues will be investigated by next-generation sequencing using molecular pathway-oriented and immune-oriented mutational and expression profiling panels constructed availing of the information from the International Cancer Genome Consortium. Bioinformatic analysis of data will drive validation studies by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization, as well as nanostring assays. CONCLUSIONS: We expect to gather novel data on rare pancreatic cancer types that will be useful to inform the design of therapeutic choices.

4 Article Systemic Chemotherapy for Advanced Rare Pancreatic Histotype Tumors: A Retrospective Multicenter Analysis. 2018

Brunetti, Oronzo / Aprile, Giuseppe / Marchetti, Paolo / Vasile, Enrico / Casadei Gardini, Andrea / Scartozzi, Mario / Barni, Sandro / Delfanti, Sara / De Vita, Fernando / Di Costanzo, Francesco / Milella, Michele / Cella, Chiara Alessandra / Berardi, Rossana / Cataldo, Ivana / Scarpa, Aldo / Basile, Debora / Mazzuca, Federica / Graziano, Giusi / Argentiero, Antonella / Santini, Daniele / Reni, Michele / Cascinu, Stefano / Silvestris, Nicola. ·Medical Oncology Unit, Sant'Andrea Hospital, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome. · Medical Oncology Unit, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Pisana, Pisa. · Department of MedicalOncology, Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e Cura dei Tumori (IRST) IRCCS, Meldola. · Medical Oncology Unit, University of Cagliari, Cagliari. · Medical Oncology Unit, ASST Bergamo Ovest, Treviglio. · Medical Oncology Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia. · Medical Oncology Unit, II University of Naples, Naples. · Medical OncologyUnit, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, Florence. · Medical Oncology 1, IRCCS Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome. · Division of Gastrointestinal and Neuroendocrine Tumors, IEO, Milan. · Medical Oncology Unit, Università Politecnica Marche - Ospedali Riuniti Ancona, Ancona. · Department of Pathology and Diagnostics, University of Verona, ARCNET, Verona. · Department of Medical Oncology, University and General Hospital, Udine. · Scientific Direction, Cancer Institute "Giovanni Paolo II," Bari. · Medical Oncology Unit, University Campus Biomedico, Rome. · Department of Medical Oncology, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan. · Modena Cancer Center, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Azienda Ospedaliera-Universitaria di Modena, Modena, Italy. ·Pancreas · Pubmed #29771769.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Two issues were put forth by clinicians in the management of the advanced stages of rare variants of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and other exocrine histotypes with peculiar clinical and pathological features: Do chemotherapy regimens recommended in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma patients have a clinical activity in rare pancreatic tumors? Or should other chemotherapy combinations be considered in this subset of patients? METHODS: We conducted a multicenter retrospective study that collected data from 2005 to 2016 at 14 Italian cancer centers with the aim to evaluate tumor response and time to progression for first- and second-line and overall survival. RESULTS: Of approximately 4300 exocrine pancreatic cancer patients, 79 advanced cases affected by rare histological types were identified, with pancreatic acinar cell cancer (n = 23), pancreatic adenosquamous cancer (n = 16), and mucinous cystic neoplasm with an associated invasive mucinous cystadenocarcinoma (n = 15) most represented. Survival analyses for each subgroup in relation with the different chemotherapy regimens showed the lack of statistical significance correlations. CONCLUSIONS: Because of the lack of clinical trials in patients affected by these rare pancreatic histotypes, only their molecular classification would help clinicians in future therapeutic choice.