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Pancreatic Neoplasms: HELP
Articles by Jingyu Cao
Based on 4 articles published since 2010
(Why 4 articles?)

Between 2010 and 2020, Jing Cao wrote the following 4 articles about Pancreatic Neoplasms.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Article Dynamic landscape of pancreatic carcinogenesis reveals early molecular networks of malignancy. 2018

Kong, Bo / Bruns, Philipp / Behler, Nora A / Chang, Ligong / Schlitter, Anna Melissa / Cao, Jing / Gewies, Andreas / Ruland, Jürgen / Fritzsche, Sina / Valkovskaya, Nataliya / Jian, Ziying / Regel, Ivonne / Raulefs, Susanne / Irmler, Martin / Beckers, Johannes / Friess, Helmut / Erkan, Mert / Mueller, Nikola S / Roth, Susanne / Hackert, Thilo / Esposito, Irene / Theis, Fabian J / Kleeff, Jörg / Michalski, Christoph W. ·Department of Surgery, Technische Universität München (TUM), Munich, Germany. · Department of Gastroenterology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China. · Institute of Computational Biology, Helmholtz-Zentrum München GmbH, Neuherberg, Germany. · Institute of Pathology, TUM, Munich, Germany. · Institute für Klinische Chemie und Pathobiochemie, TUM, Munich, Germany. · Research Unit Cellular Signal Integration, Institute of Molecular Toxicology and Pharmacology, Helmholtz Zentrum München, Neuherberg, Germany. · German Cancer Consortium (DKTK) at the partner site Munich and German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany. · German Center for Infection Research (DZIF), Partner Site Munich, Munich, Germany. · Institute of Pathology, Heinrich-Heine University, Duesseldorf, Germany. · Institute of Experimental Genetics, Helmholtz Zentrum München GmbH, Neuherberg, Germany. · Chair of Experimental Genetics, Technische Universität München, Freising, Germany. · Deutsches Zentrum für Diabetesforschung, Neuherberg, Germany. · Department of Surgery, Koc University, Istanbul, Turkey. · Department of Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. · Department of Mathematics, TUM, Munich, Germany. · NIHR Pancreas Biomedical Research Unit, Department of Molecular and Clinical Cancer Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK. ·Gut · Pubmed #27646934.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The initial steps of pancreatic regeneration versus carcinogenesis are insufficiently understood. Although a combination of oncogenic Kras and inflammation has been shown to induce malignancy, molecular networks of early carcinogenesis remain poorly defined. DESIGN: We compared early events during inflammation, regeneration and carcinogenesis on histological and transcriptional levels with a high temporal resolution using a well-established mouse model of pancreatitis and of inflammation-accelerated Kras RESULTS: We defined three distinctive phases-termed inflammation, regeneration and refinement-following induction of moderate acute pancreatitis in wild-type mice. These corresponded to different waves of proliferation of mesenchymal, progenitor-like and acinar cells. Pancreas regeneration required a coordinated transition of proliferation between progenitor-like and acinar cells. In mice harbouring an oncogenic Kras mutation and challenged with pancreatitis, there was an extended inflammatory phase and a parallel, continuous proliferation of mesenchymal, progenitor-like and acinar cells. Analysis of high-resolution transcriptional data from wild-type animals revealed that organ regeneration relied on a complex interaction of a gene network that normally governs acinar cell homeostasis, exocrine specification and intercellular signalling. In mice with oncogenic Kras, a specific carcinogenic signature was found, which was preserved in full-blown mouse pancreas cancer. CONCLUSIONS: These data define a transcriptional signature of early pancreatic carcinogenesis and a molecular network driving formation of preneoplastic lesions, which allows for more targeted biomarker development in order to detect cancer earlier in patients with pancreatitis.

2 Article KRAS/NF-κB/YY1/miR-489 Signaling Axis Controls Pancreatic Cancer Metastasis. 2017

Yuan, Peng / He, Xiao-Hong / Rong, Ye-Fei / Cao, Jing / Li, Yong / Hu, Yun-Ping / Liu, Yingbin / Li, Dangsheng / Lou, Wenhui / Liu, Mo-Fang. ·Center for RNA Research, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology-University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai, China. · Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Andrology, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China. · Department of Pancreatic Surgery, Zhong Shan Hospital, Shanghai, China. · School of Life Science and Technology, Shanghai Tech University, Shanghai, China. · Department of Cancer Biology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio. · Department of General Surgery, Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. · Shanghai Information Center for Life Sciences, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China. · Department of Pancreatic Surgery, Zhong Shan Hospital, Shanghai, China. mfliu@sibcb.ac.cn lou.wenhui@zs-hospital.sh.cn. · Center for RNA Research, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology-University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai, China. mfliu@sibcb.ac.cn lou.wenhui@zs-hospital.sh.cn. ·Cancer Res · Pubmed #27793842.

ABSTRACT: KRAS activation occurring in more than 90% of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDAC) drives progression and metastasis, but the underlying mechanisms involved in these processes are still poorly understood. Here, we show how KRAS acts through inflammatory NF-κB signaling to activate the transcription factor YY1, which represses expression of the tumor suppressor gene miR-489. In PDAC cells, repression of miR-489 by KRAS signaling inhibited migration and metastasis by targeting the extracellular matrix factors ADAM9 and MMP7. miR-489 downregulation elevated levels of ADAM9 and MMP7, thereby enhancing the migration and metastasis of PDAC cells. Together, our results establish a pivotal mechanism of PDAC metastasis and suggest miR-489 as a candidate therapeutic target for their attack. Cancer Res; 77(1); 100-11. ©2016 AACR.

3 Article Pancreas-specific activation of mTOR and loss of p53 induce tumors reminiscent of acinar cell carcinoma. 2015

Kong, Bo / Cheng, Tao / Qian, Chengjia / Wu, Weiwei / Steiger, Katja / Cao, Jing / Schlitter, Anna Melissa / Regel, Ivonne / Raulefs, Susanne / Friess, Helmut / Erkan, Mert / Esposito, Irene / Kleeff, Jörg / Michalski, Christoph W. ·Department of Surgery, Technische Universität München (TUM), Munich, Germany. · Institute of Pathology, TUM, Munich, Germany. · Department of Surgery, Koc School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey. · Institute of Pathology, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany. · Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen University Hospitals, Liverpool, UK. · Department of Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany. cwmichalski@gmail.com. ·Mol Cancer · Pubmed #26683340.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma (ACC) is a rare tumor entity with an unfavorable prognosis. Recent whole-exome sequencing identified p53 mutations in a subset of human ACC. Activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway is associated with various pancreatic neoplasms. We thus aimed at analyzing whether activation of mTOR with a concomitant loss of p53 may initiate ACC. METHODS: We generated transgenic mouse models in which mTOR was hyperactivated through pancreas-specific, homozygous tuberous sclerosis 1 (Tsc1) deficiency, with or without deletion of p53 (Tsc1 (-/-) and Tsc1 (-/-) ; p53 (-/-) ). Activity of mTOR signaling was investigated using mouse tissues and isolated murine cell lines. Human ACC specimens were used to corroborate the findings from the transgenic mouse models. RESULTS: Hyperactive mTOR signaling in Tsc1 (-/-) mice was not oncogenic but rather induced a near-complete loss of the pancreatic acinar compartment. Acinar cells were lost as a result of apoptosis which was associated with p53 activation. Concomitantly, ductal cells were enriched. Ablation of p53 in Tsc1-deficient mice prevented acinar cell death but promoted formation of acinar cells with severe nuclear abnormalities. One out of seven Tsc1 (-/-) ; p53 (-/-) animals developed pancreatic tumors showing a distinctive tumor morphology, reminiscent of human ACC. Hyperactive mTOR signaling was also detected in a subset of human ACC. CONCLUSION: Hyperactive mTOR signaling combined with loss of p53 in mice induces tumors similar to human ACC.

4 Retraction Slug enhances invasion ability of pancreatic cancer cells through upregulation of matrix metalloproteinase-9 and actin cytoskeleton remodeling. 2011

Zhang, Kejun / Chen, Dong / Jiao, Xuelong / Zhang, Shaoyan / Liu, Xiangping / Cao, Jingyu / Wu, Liqun / Wang, Dongsheng. ·Department of General Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, QingDao University, QingDao, PR China. ·Lab Invest · Pubmed #21283078.

ABSTRACT: Slug, a member of the Snail family of transcription factors, has a crucial role in the regulation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) by suppressing several epithelial markers and adhesion molecules, including E-cadherin. A recent study demonstrated that no relationship exists between Slug and E-cadherin in pancreatic cancer. Another study showed that in malignant mesothelioma effusions Slug was associated with matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression, but that there was no association with E-cadherin. F-ascin is an actin-bundling protein involved in filopodia assembly and cancer invasion and metastasis of multiple epithelial cancer types. In this study, we investigated Slug, E-cadherin, and MMP-9 expression using immunohistochemistry in 60 patients with pancreatic cancer and their correlation with carcinoma invasion and metastasis. Additionally, we observed the effects of Slug on invasion and metastasis in the pancreatic cancer cell line PANC-1. Alterations in Slug, MMP-9, and E-cadherin were determined by RT-PCR, western blot, and immunohistochemistry. Alterations in MMP-9 and F-actin cytoskeleton were determined by immunofluorescence staining, flow cytometry (FCM), or gelatin zymography. Slug, E-cadherin, and MMP-9 expression in pancreatic cancer was significantly associated with lymph node metastases and we found a significant correlation between Slug and MMP-9 expression; however, no significant correlation was observed between Slug and E-cadherin expression. Slug transfection significantly increased invasion and metastasis in PANC-1 cells and orthotopic tumor of mouse in vivo, and significantly upregulated and activated MMP-9; however, there was no effect on E-cadherin expression. Slug promoted the formation of lamelliopodia or filopodia in PANC-1 cells. The intracellular F-actin and MMP-9 was increased and relocated to the front of the extending pseudopodia from the perinuclear pool in Slug-transfected PANC-1 cells. These results suggest that Slug promotes migration and invasion of PANC-1 cells, which may correlate with the reorganization of MMP-9 and remodeling of the F-actin cytoskeleton, but not with E-cadherin expression.