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Hearing Disorders: HELP
Articles by Alessandra Russo
Based on 9 articles published since 2010
(Why 9 articles?)

Between 2010 and 2020, A. Russo wrote the following 9 articles about Hearing Disorders.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Review Cochlear implantation versus auditory brainstem implantation in bilateral total deafness after head trauma: personal experience and review of the literature. 2014

Medina, Marimar / Di Lella, Filippo / Di Trapani, Giuseppe / Prasad, Sampath Chandra / Bacciu, Andrea / Aristegui, Miguel / Russo, Alessandra / Sanna, Mario. ·*Gruppo Otologico Piacenza-Roma and University of Chieti; †Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Otolaryngology Unit, University Hospital of Parma, Parma, Italy; and ‡Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain. ·Otol Neurotol · Pubmed #24448286.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of cochlear implant (CI) in hearing restoration after temporal bone (TB) fractures and investigate the adequacy of auditory brainstem implant (ABI) indication for TB fractures. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study; a systematic review of the literature in PubMed was also performed to identify all published cases of bilateral TB fractures or bilateral deafness after head trauma treated by means of CI or ABI. SETTINGS: Quaternary otology and skull base surgery referral center. PATIENTS: Eleven consecutive patients presented with bilateral severe-to-profound sensorineural hearing loss after head trauma. INTERVENTIONS: CI as primary intervention or following a previous treatment. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: CI performances were evaluated in the auditory-only condition in both closed-set and open-set formats. RESULTS: Fourteen CI were placed, 11 as primary treatment and 3 after ABI failure. At the last follow-up, all patients gained useful open-set speech perception. In secondary CI, all patients obtained better auditory results with the CI if compared with ABI. CI performance did not decrease with time in any case. CONCLUSION: Cochlear implantation after TB fractures has proved to have excellent audiometric results. The aim of the initial evaluation of a patient with bilateral anacoustic ears from head trauma should always be to rehabilitate their hearing with a CI. The incidence of labyrinthitis ossificans, negative electrophysiologic testing, the risk of postoperative meningitis or facial nerve stimulation should not be the determinant factors that favor ABI placement.

2 Review Analysis of hearing preservation and facial nerve function for patients undergoing vestibular schwannoma surgery: the middle cranial fossa approach versus the retrosigmoid approach--personal experience and literature review. 2012

Rabelo de Freitas, Marcos / Russo, Alessandra / Sequino, Giuliano / Piccirillo, Enrico / Sanna, Mario. ·Gruppo Otologico Piacenza, Roma, Italia. marcosrabelo@clinicaotorhinos.com.br ·Audiol Neurootol · Pubmed #21829012.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To compare hearing preservation and facial nerve function outcomes in patients undergoing vestibular schwannoma surgery performed using either the middle cranial fossa approach (MCFA) or the retrosigmoid approach (RSA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A review of the medical records of patients diagnosed with vestibular schwannoma who underwent surgical tumor removal in a single reference center via the MCFA or the RSA between January 1988 and December 2008 was conducted. RESULTS: During this period, 90 patients underwent surgery via the MCFA while 86 patients received surgical treatment via the RSA. Of the patients subjected to the MCFA, 80.7% were characterized by a House-Brackmann (HB) grade I or II outcome, whereas 96.5% of patients undergoing the RSA were characterized by a HB grade I or II outcome (p = 0.001). This difference appeared only for extrameatal tumors when we compared size-matched tumors (58.3% MCFA vs. 98% RSA; p = 0.0006). There was no statistically significant difference in the hearing outcomes upon consideration of hearing preservation as characterized by the modified Sanna classification system involving classes A and B (18.9% MCFA vs. 10.6% RSA; p = 0.122). CONCLUSION: No statistically significant difference in hearing preservation was identified when comparing tumors operated upon via the MCFA versus the RSA. However, our results indicate that a higher risk of facial nerve function impairment exists if the surgery is performed via the MCFA under circumstances where the tumor extends to the cerebellopontine angle.

3 Article Surgery of the lateral skull base: a 50-year endeavour. 2019

Zanoletti, E / Mazzoni, A / Martini, A / Abbritti, R V / Albertini, R / Alexandre, E / Baro, V / Bartolini, S / Bernardeschi, D / Bivona, R / Bonali, M / Borghesi, I / Borsetto, D / Bovo, R / Breun, M / Calbucci, F / Carlson, M L / Caruso, A / Cayé-Thomasen, P / Cazzador, D / Champagne, P-O / Colangeli, R / Conte, G / D'Avella, D / Danesi, G / Deantonio, L / Denaro, L / Di Berardino, F / Draghi, R / Ebner, F H / Favaretto, N / Ferri, G / Fioravanti, A / Froelich, S / Giannuzzi, A / Girasoli, L / Grossardt, B R / Guidi, M / Hagen, R / Hanakita, S / Hardy, D G / Iglesias, V C / Jefferies, S / Jia, H / Kalamarides, M / Kanaan, I N / Krengli, M / Landi, A / Lauda, L / Lepera, D / Lieber, S / Lloyd, S L K / Lovato, A / Maccarrone, F / Macfarlane, R / Magnan, J / Magnoni, L / Marchioni, D / Marinelli, J P / Marioni, G / Mastronardi, V / Matthies, C / Moffat, D A / Munari, S / Nardone, M / Pareschi, R / Pavone, C / Piccirillo, E / Piras, G / Presutti, L / Restivo, G / Reznitsky, M / Roca, E / Russo, A / Sanna, M / Sartori, L / Scheich, M / Shehata-Dieler, W / Soloperto, D / Sorrentino, F / Sterkers, O / Taibah, A / Tatagiba, M / Tealdo, G / Vlad, D / Wu, H / Zanetti, D. ·Department of Neuroscience DNS, Otolaryngology Section, Padova University, Padova, Italy. · Department of Neurosurgery, Lariboisière Hospital, University of Paris Diderot, Paris, France. · Gruppo Otologico, Piacenza-Rome, Italy. · Academic Neurosurgery, Department of Neuroscience DNS, University of Padova Medical School, Padova, Italy. · Neurosurgery, Bellaria Hospital, Bologna, Italy. · AP-HP, Groupe Hôspital-Universitaire Pitié-Salpêtrière, Neuro-Sensory Surgical Department and NF2 Rare Disease Centre, Paris, France. · Sorbonne Université, Paris, France. · ENT and Skull-Base Surgery Department, Department of Neurosciences, Ospedale Papa Giovanni XXIII, Bergamo, Italy. · Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Department, University Hospital of Modena, Italy. · Neurosurgery, Maria Cecilia Hospital, Cotignola (RA), Italy. · Department of Neurosurgery, Julius Maximilians University Hospital Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany. · Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA. · Department of Neurologic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA. · The Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery and Audiology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark. · Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. · Department of Neuroscience DNS, Section of Human Anatomy, Padova University, Padova, Italy. · Department of Neuroradiology, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milano, Italy. · Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Maggiore della Carità, Novara, Italy. · Department of Translational Medicine, University of Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy. · Unit of Audiology, Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, University of Milano, Italy. · Department of Surgery, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milano, Italy. · Department of Neurosurgery, Eberhard Karls University Tübingen, Germany. · Division of Biomedical Statistics and Informatics, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA. · Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Plastic, Aesthetic and Reconstructive Head and Neck Surgery, "Julius-Maximilians" University Hospital of Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany. · Department of Neurosurgery, Cambridge University Hospital, Cambridge, UK. · Oncology Department, Cambridge University Hospital, Cambridge, UK. · Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Shanghai Ninh People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiatong University School of Medicine, China. · Department of Neurosciences, King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center, Alfaisal University, College of Medicine, Riyadh, KSA. · ENT & Skull-Base Department, Ospedale Nuovo di Legnano, Legnano (MI), Italy. · Department of Neuro-Otology and Skull-Base Surgery Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester, UK. · Department of Neuroscience DNS, Audiology Unit, Padova University, Treviso, Italy. · University Aix-Marseille, France. · Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Department, University Hospital of Verona, Italy. · Mayo Clinic School of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA. · Department of Neuro-otology and Skull Base Surgery, Cambridge University Hospital, Cambridge, UK. · ENT Department, Treviglio (BG), Italy. ·Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital · Pubmed #31130732.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

4 Article Surgical Management of Intrinsic Tumors of the Facial Nerve. 2018

Prasad, Sampath Chandra / Laus, Melissa / Dandinarasaiah, Manjunath / Piccirillo, Enrico / Russo, Alessandra / Taibah, Abdelkader / Sanna, Mario. ·Department of Otology & Skull Base Surgery, Gruppo Otologico, Piacenza, Rome, Italy. · Department of ENT-Head & Neck Surgery, University of Chieti, Chieti, Italy. · Department of ENT-Head & Neck Surgery, Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences, Hubli, India. ·Neurosurgery · Pubmed #29029275.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Intrinsic tumors of the facial nerve are a rare entity. Dealing with this subset of tumors is challenging both in terms of decision making and surgical intervention. OBJECTIVE: To review the outcomes of surgical management of facial nerve tumors and cable nerve graft interpositioning. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed at a referral center for skull base pathology. One hundred fifteen patients who were surgically treated for facial nerve tumors were included. In case of nerve interruption during surgery, the cable nerve interpositioning technique was employed wherein the facial nerve palsy lasted for less than 1-yr duration. In cases of facial nerve palsy lasting for greater than 1 yr, the nerve was restituted by a hypoglossal facial coaptation. RESULTS: Various degrees of progressive paralysis were seen in 84 (73%) cases. Sixty nine (60%) of the tumors involved multiple segments of the facial nerve. Sixty-two (53.9%) tumors involved the geniculate ganglion. Seventy four (64.3%) of the cases were schwannomas. Hearing preservation surgeries were performed in 60 (52.1%). Ninety one (79.1%) of the nerves that were sectioned in association with tumor removal were restituted primarily by interposition cable grafting. The mean preoperative House-Brackmann grading of the facial nerve was 3.6. The mean immediate postoperative grading was 5.4, which recovered to a mean of 3.4 at the end of 1 yr. CONCLUSION: In patients with good facial nerve function (House-Brackmann grade I-II), a wait-and-scan approach is recommended. In cases where the facial nerve has been interrupted during surgery, the cable nerve interpositioning technique is a convenient and well-accepted procedure for immediate restitution of the nerve.

5 Article Lateral skull base surgery in a pediatric population: A 25-year experience in a referral skull base center. 2017

Grinblat, Golda / Prasad, Sampath Chandra / Fulcheri, Andrea / Laus, Melissa / Russo, Alessandra / Sanna, Mario. ·Department of Otology & Skull Base Surgery, Gruppo Otologico, Piacenza, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: golda87@hotmail.com. · Department of Otology & Skull Base Surgery, Gruppo Otologico, Piacenza, Rome, Italy. ·Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol · Pubmed #28167016.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To analyze the pathology and surgical outcomes of lateral skull base (LSB) procedures in a pediatric population. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review in a referral skull base center. METHODS: Charts of pediatric patients who underwent defined LSB procedures from 1983 to 2015 for various pathologies were evaluated at our center. A systematic review of literature was performed and our results were compared with the literature. RESULTS: 63 patients presented with 65 diseased ears. The mean age was 13 years. 29 (44.6%) presented with hearing loss and 28 (44.4%) and chronic otorrhea. The most common pathology was petrous bone cholesteatoma (27, 42.5%) followed by vestibular schwannoma (10, 15.8%). Subtotal petrosectomy (24, 35.8%) was the most common surgical procedure followed by, transotic (18, 26.8%). The facial nerve function was preserved in 45 (67.1%) and the hearing in 28 (41.7%) cases respectively. No major complications, including mortality was encountered in our series. CONCLUSION: In rare and extensive pathologies involving the skull base in a pediatric population, the surgeon is posed with the dilemma of trying to achieve facial and hearing preservation while dealing with total tumor clearance. Mastery over LSB procedures can ensure complete disease clearance with optimal functional outcomes. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 2b.

6 Article Long term surgical and hearing outcomes in the management of tympanomastoid paragangliomas. 2015

Patnaik, U / Prasad, S C / Medina, M / Al-Qahtani, M / D'Orazio, F / Falcioni, M / Piccirillo, E / Russo, A / Sanna, M. ·Department of Otology and Skull Base Surgery, Gruppo Otologico, Piacenza, Rome, Italy; Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Military Hospital, Hisar, India. · Department of Otology and Skull Base Surgery, Gruppo Otologico, Piacenza, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: sampathcp@yahoo.co.in. · Department of Otology and Skull Base Surgery, Gruppo Otologico, Piacenza, Rome, Italy. · Department of Otology and Skull Base Surgery, Gruppo Otologico, Piacenza, Rome, Italy; Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Riyadh Military Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. · Department of Otology and Skull Base Surgery, Gruppo Otologico, Piacenza, Rome, Italy; Department of Otolaryngology, University of Chieti, Chieti, Italy. ·Am J Otolaryngol · Pubmed #25697086.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To analyze the long term outcomes after surgery in tympanomastoid paragangliomas. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. METHODS: The charts of 145 patients with tympanomastoid paragangliomas managed between 1988 and 2013 were reviewed. The clinical features, audiological data, pre- and postoperative notes were noted. The tumors were staged according to the modified Fish and Mattox classification. The surgical approaches for all patients were formulated according to the surgical algorithm developed at our center. RESULTS: 34 (23.5%), 46 (31.7%), 22 (15.2%), 18 (12.4%) and 25 (17.2%) patients were diagnosed to have TMP class A1, A2, B1, B2 and B3 tumors respectively. Gross tumor resection was achieved in 141 (97.2%) patients. The facial nerve was uncovered in four patients and infiltrated in three. The cochlea was found eroded in seven cases. The mean follow-up was 48.4 months. Recurrence was seen in one patient (0.7%). In the cases where the facial nerve was preserved (n=143), the nerve function was graded as HB grade 1 in 138 patients (97%). Postoperatively, the mean AC showed an improvement in all categories except in class B2 and B3, which corresponds to the classes that include patients who underwent subtotal petrosectomy. CONCLUSION: We report the long term surgical outcomes in tympanomastoid paragangliomas in the largest series published till date. It is possible to completely eradicate all types of tympanomastoid paragangliomas with minimum sequelae by choosing the correct surgical approach to achieve adequate exposure for individual tumor classes as described in our classification and algorithm. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IIb.

7 Article The effects of tympanomastoid paragangliomas on hearing and the audiological outcomes after surgery over a long-term follow-up. 2014

Medina, Marimar / Prasad, Sampath Chandra / Patnaik, Uma / Lauda, Lorenzo / Di Lella, Filippo / De Donato, Giuseppe / Russo, Alessandra / Sanna, Mario. ·Department of Otology and Skull Base Surgery, Gruppo Otologico Piacenza-Rome, Rome, Italy. ·Audiol Neurootol · Pubmed #25377482.

ABSTRACT: The primary goals of surgery of tympanomastoid paragangliomas (TMPs) are tumor eradication and hearing preservation. Though the surgical management of TMPs has been dealt with widely in the literature, the effects of TMPs themselves on preoperative hearing and the audiological outcomes after surgery have not been analyzed in detail. This article comprehensively evaluates the preoperative hearing and the long-term hearing outcomes after surgery of TMPs. This study is based on a study population of 145 patients which is the largest reported in the literature. The surgical approaches for all patients with TMPs were formulated according to an algorithm developed by the authors. Complete tumor removal with excellent hearing results can be achieved by approaching the tumor classes by the right surgical technique. TMPs could possibly induce sensorineural hearing loss in higher frequencies, and future studies could be directed towards this.

8 Article Otosclerosis associated with type B-1 inner ear malformation. 2010

De Stefano, A / Dispenza, F / Aggarwal, N / Russo, A. ·Gruppo Otologico Piacenza-Roma, Italy. dr.adestefano@gmail.com ·Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital · Pubmed #20948592.

ABSTRACT: Malformations of bony inner ear are rare anomalies occurring in approximately 20% of patients with congenital sensorineural hearing loss. Conductive hearing loss is usually associated with abnormalities of the external and middle ear. Recent reports of patients with lateral semicircular canal malformations indicate inner ear malformations to be associated with sensorineural or conductive hearing loss. Differential diagnosis of conductive hearing loss should include otosclerosis, isolated ossicular deformities, inner ear anomalies or a combination of these. In this report, a case is described with right vestibule-lateral semicircular canal dysplasia presenting at our centre with bilateral otosclerosis.

9 Article Middle ear and mastoid glomus tumors (glomus tympanicum): an algorithm for the surgical management. 2010

Sanna, Mario / Fois, Paolo / Pasanisi, Enrico / Russo, Alessandra / Bacciu, Andrea. ·Gruppo Otologico, Piacenza-Rome, Italy. ·Auris Nasus Larynx · Pubmed #20400250.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Glomus tumors are slow-growing benign lesions and represent the most common primary neoplasms of the middle ear. The objective of the present study is to report our surgical strategy in the management of glomus tympanicum tumors. METHODS: Between December 1988 and July 2008, 68 patients with histologically confirmed glomus tympanicum tumor underwent surgical treatment. The follow-up of the series ranged from 6 to 194 months (mean, 33.4 months). RESULTS: Distribution of tumors according to Fisch and Mattox classification was as follows: type A, 44 cases (64.7%); type B, 24 cases (35.3%). All of the 44 Class A tumors were safely removed via either a stapedectomy-type transcanal approach or a retroauricolar-transcanal approach. Five patients with Class B tumors were operated on through a transmastoid approach. Nineteen patients with larger Class B tumors underwent a subtotal petrosectomy with blind sac closure of the external auditory canal and middle ear obliteration. Gross total tumor removal was achieved in all 68 cases. In one case (1.4%) there was recurrence after 9 years, for which the patient was re-operated. No residual/recurrence has been detected on computed tomography in the rest of the patients. CONCLUSION: Surgical excision of glomus tympanicum tumors is a safe procedure, allowing total tumor removal with minimal morbidity, a low recurrence rate, and a low complication rate.