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Hearing Disorders: HELP
Articles by Sarah E. Hughes
Based on 6 articles published since 2010
(Why 6 articles?)

Between 2010 and 2020, Sarah Hughes wrote the following 6 articles about Hearing Disorders.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Article Hearing impairment and daily-life fatigue: a qualitative study. 2019

Holman, Jack A / Drummond, Avril / Hughes, Sarah E / Naylor, Graham. ·a Hearing Sciences (Scottish Section), Division of Clinical Neuroscience , School of Medicine, University of Nottingham , Glasgow , UK. · b School of Health Sciences, University of Nottingham , Nottingham , UK. · c School of Medicine, Swansea University , Swansea , UK. · d South Wales Cochlear Implant Programme , Bridgend , UK. ·Int J Audiol · Pubmed #31032678.


2 Article Turn an Ear to Hear: How Hearing-Impaired Listeners Can Exploit Head Orientation to Enhance Their Speech Intelligibility in Noisy Social Settings. 2018

Grange, Jacques A / Culling, John F / Bardsley, Barry / Mackinney, Laura I / Hughes, Sarah E / Backhouse, Steven S. ·1 School of Psychology, Cardiff University, UK. · 2 South Wales Cochlear Implant Programme, Princess of Wales Hospital, Bridgend, UK. ·Trends Hear · Pubmed #30334495.

ABSTRACT: Turning an ear toward the talker can enhance spatial release from masking. Here, with their head free, listeners attended to speech at a gradually diminishing signal-to-noise ratio and with the noise source azimuthally separated from the speech source by 180° or 90°. Young normal-hearing adult listeners spontaneously turned an ear toward the speech source in 64% of audio-only trials, but a visible talker's face or cochlear implant (CI) use significantly reduced this head-turn behavior. All listener groups made more head movements once instructed to explore the potential benefit of head turns and followed the speech to lower signal-to-noise ratios. Unilateral CI users improved the most. In a virtual restaurant simulation with nine interfering noises or voices, hearing-impaired listeners and simulated bilateral CI users typically obtained a 1 to 3 dB head-orientation benefit from a 30° head turn away from the talker. In diffuse interference environments, the advice to U.K. CI users from many CI professionals and the communication guidance available on the Internet most often advise the CI user to face the talker head on. However, CI users would benefit from guidelines that recommend they look sidelong at the talker with their better hearing or implanted ear oriented toward the talker.

3 Article Qualitative, multimethod study of behavioural and attitudinal responses to cochlear implantation from the patient and healthcare professional perspective in Australia and the UK: study protocol. 2018

Rapport, Frances / Bierbaum, Mia / McMahon, Catherine / Boisvert, Isabelle / Lau, Annie / Braithwaite, Jeffrey / Hughes, Sarah. ·Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. · Macquarie University Centre for Implementation of Hearing Research, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. · The HEARing Cooperative Research Centre, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. · South Wales Cochlear Implant Programme, Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University Health Board, Bridgend, UK. · Swansea University Medical School, Swansea, UK. ·BMJ Open · Pubmed #29844099.

ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: The growing prevalence of adults with 'severe or greater' hearing loss globally is of great concern, with hearing loss leading to diminished communication, and impacting on an individual's quality of life (QoL). Cochlear implants (CI) are a recommended device for people with severe or greater, sensorineural hearing loss, who obtain limited benefits from conventional hearing aids (HA), and through improved speech perception, CIs can improve the QoL of recipients. Despite this, utilisation of CIs is low. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This qualitative, multiphase and multimethod dual-site study (Australia and the UK) explores patients' and healthcare professionals' behaviours and attitudes to cochlear implantation. Participants include general practitioners, audiologists and older adults with severe or greater hearing loss, who are HA users, CI users and CI candidates. Using purposive time frame sampling, participants will be recruited to take part in focus groups or individual interviews, and will each complete a demographic questionnaire and a qualitative proforma. The study aims to conduct 147 data capture events across a sample of 49 participants, or until data saturation occurs. Schema and thematic analysis with extensive group work will be used to analyse data alongside reporting of demographic and participant characteristics. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethics approval for this study was granted by Macquarie University (HREC: 5201700539), and the study will abide by Australian National Health and Medical Research Council ethical guidelines. Study findings will be published through peer-reviewed journal articles, and disseminated through public and academic conference presentations, participant information sheets and a funders' final report.

4 Article Social Connectedness and Perceived Listening Effort in Adult Cochlear Implant Users: A Grounded Theory to Establish Content Validity for a New Patient-Reported Outcome Measure. 2018

Hughes, Sarah E / Hutchings, Hayley A / Rapport, Frances L / McMahon, Catherine M / Boisvert, Isabelle. ·South Wales Cochlear Implant Programme, Bridgend, United Kingdom. · Swansea University Medical School, Swansea University, Swansea, United Kingdom. · The Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. · Department of Linguistics (Audiology Section), Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. · The HEARing Cooperative Research Centre, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. ·Ear Hear · Pubmed #29424766.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Individuals with hearing loss often report a need for increased effort when listening, particularly in challenging acoustic environments. Despite audiologists' recognition of the impact of listening effort on individuals' quality of life, there are currently no standardized clinical measures of listening effort, including patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). To generate items and content for a new PROM, this qualitative study explored the perceptions, understanding, and experiences of listening effort in adults with severe-profound sensorineural hearing loss before and after cochlear implantation. DESIGN: Three focus groups (1 to 3) were conducted. Purposive sampling was used to recruit 17 participants from a cochlear implant (CI) center in the United Kingdom. The participants included adults (n = 15, mean age = 64.1 years, range 42 to 84 years) with acquired severe-profound sensorineural hearing loss who satisfied the UK's national candidacy criteria for cochlear implantation and their normal-hearing significant others (n = 2). Participants were CI candidates who used hearing aids (HAs) and were awaiting CI surgery or CI recipients who used a unilateral CI or a CI and contralateral HA (CI + HA). Data from a pilot focus group conducted with 2 CI recipients were included in the analysis. The data, verbatim transcripts of the focus group proceedings, were analyzed qualitatively using constructivist grounded theory (GT) methodology. RESULTS: A GT of listening effort in cochlear implantation was developed from participants' accounts. The participants provided rich, nuanced descriptions of the complex and multidimensional nature of their listening effort. Interpreting and integrating these descriptions through GT methodology, listening effort was described as the mental energy required to attend to and process the auditory signal, as well as the effort required to adapt to, and compensate for, a hearing loss. Analyses also suggested that listening effort for most participants was motivated by a need to maintain a sense of social connectedness (i.e., the subjective awareness of being in touch with one's social world). Before implantation, low social connectedness in the presence of high listening effort encouraged self-alienating behaviors and resulted in social isolation with adverse effects for participant's well-being and quality of life. A CI moderated but did not remove the requirement for listening effort. Listening effort, in combination with the improved auditory signal supplied by the CI, enabled most participants to listen and communicate more effectively. These participants reported a restored sense of social connectedness and an acceptance of the continued need for listening effort. CONCLUSIONS: Social connectedness, effort-reward balance, and listening effort as a multidimensional phenomenon were the core constructs identified as important to participants' experiences and understanding of listening effort. The study's findings suggest: (1) perceived listening effort is related to social and psychological factors and (2) these factors may influence how individuals with hearing loss report on the actual cognitive processing demands of listening. These findings provide evidence in support of the Framework for Understanding Effortful Listening a heuristic that describes listening effort as a function of both motivation and demands on cognitive capacity. This GT will inform item development and establish the content validity for a new PROM for measuring listening effort.

5 Article Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) for assessing perceived listening effort in hearing loss: protocol for a systematic review. 2017

Hughes, Sarah E / Rapport, Frances L / Boisvert, Isabelle / McMahon, Catherine M / Hutchings, Hayley A. ·Swansea University Medical School, Swansea University, Swansea, Wales, UK. · South Wales Cochlear Implant Programme, Princess of Wales Hospital, Bridgend, UK. · Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Macquarie University, New South Wales, Australia. · The HEARing CRC, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. · Department of Linguistics (Audiology Section), Macquarie University, New South Wales, Australia. ·BMJ Open · Pubmed #28592576.

ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: In the UK, it is estimated that a disabling hearing loss (HL) affects 1 in 6 people. HL has functional, economic and social-emotional consequences for affected individuals. Intervention for HL focuses on improving access to the auditory signal using hearing aids or cochlear implants. However, even if sounds are audible and speech is understood, individuals with HL often report increased effort when listening.Listening effort (LE) may be measured using self-reported measures such as patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). PROMs are validated questionnaires completed by patients to measure their perceptions of their own functional status and well-being. When selecting a PROM for use in research or clinical practice, it is necessary to appraise the evidence of a PROM's acceptability to patients, validity, responsiveness and reliability. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A systematic review of studies evaluating the measurement properties of PROMs available to measure LE in HL will be undertaken. MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsychINFO and Web of Science will be searched electronically. Reference lists of included studies, key journals and the grey literature will be hand-searched to identify further studies for inclusion. Two reviewers will independently complete title, abstract and full-text screening to determine study eligibility. Data on the characteristics of each study and each PROM will be extracted. Methodological quality of the included studies will be appraised using the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments, the quality of included PROMs appraised and the credibility of the evidence assessed. A narrative synthesis will summarise extracted data. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical permission is not required, as this study uses data from published research. Dissemination will be through publication in peer-reviewed journals, conference presentations and the lead author's doctoral dissertation. Findings may inform the selection of PROMs used to measure LE in HL.

6 Article Paediatric vestibulo-cochlear malformations and international collaboration for the U.K.'s first bilateral FORM19 electrode cochlear implantation. 2015

Jaiswal, Vibha / Gibbons, Ian / Nation, Laura / Hughes, Sarah / Joseph, Jonathan / Backhouse, Steven. · ·Cochlear Implants Int · Pubmed #25614272.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --