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Hearing Disorders: HELP
Articles by Guido Conti
Based on 11 articles published since 2010
(Why 11 articles?)

Between 2010 and 2020, G. Conti wrote the following 11 articles about Hearing Disorders.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Review Inherited neuropathies and deafness caused by a PMP22 point mutation: a case report and a review of the literature. 2013

Luigetti, Marco / Zollino, Marcella / Conti, Guido / Romano, Angela / Sabatelli, Mario. ·Institute of Neurology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Largo F. Vito 1, 00168, Rome, Italy. ·Neurol Sci · Pubmed #23263778.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

2 Review Auditory processing in infancy: do early abnormalities predict disorders of language and cognitive development? 2011

Guzzetta, Francesco / Conti, Guido / Mercuri, Eugenio. ·Unit of Child Neurology and Psychiatry, Catholic University, Rome, Italy. fguzzetta@rm.unicatt.it ·Dev Med Child Neurol · Pubmed #21838818.

ABSTRACT: Increasing attention has been devoted to the maturation of sensory processing in the first year of life. While the development of cortical visual function has been thoroughly studied, much less information is available on auditory processing and its early disorders. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the assessment techniques for early auditory processing. While otoacoustic emissions and auditory brainstem responses are well-established tools for neonatal screening of hearing loss, there have been less consistent results for neurophysiological assessments of central auditory processing in clinical practice. Early auditory event-related potentials could provide valuable diagnostic information, but their use as a possible clinical screening method is still limited and should be further assessed. Behavioural tests are few and are greatly needed in young infants as they could provide a more easily used tool for detecting the preconditions of early cerebral auditory impairment.

3 Article Hearing loss in very preterm infants: should we wait or treat? 2019

Frezza, S / Catenazzi, P / Gallus, R / Gallini, F / Fioretti, M / Anzivino, R / Corsello, M / Cota, F / Vento, G / Conti, G. ·Department of Woman and Child Health, Division of Neonatology, Institute of Otorhinolaryngology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCSS, Rome, Italy. · Department Head and Neck Surgery, Institute of Otorhinolaryngology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCSS, Rome, Italy. ·Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital · Pubmed #31501617.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

4 Article Universal newborn hearing screening in the Lazio region, Italy. 2018

Turchetta, Rosaria / Conti, Guido / Marsella, Pasquale / Orlando, Maria Patrizia / Picciotti, Pasqualina Maria / Frezza, Simonetta / Russo, Francesca Yoshie / Scorpecci, Alessandro / Cammeresi, Maria Gloria / Giannantonio, Sara / Greco, Antonio / Ralli, Massimo. ·Department of Sense Organs, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy. · Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Institute of Otorhinolaryngology, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy. · Department of Surgery, Audiology and Otosurgery Unit, Bambino Gesù Pediatric Hospital, Rome, Italy. · Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy. · Department of Sense Organs, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy. massimo.ralli@uniroma1.it. ·Ital J Pediatr · Pubmed #30143030.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The introduction of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (UNHS) programs has drastically contributed to the early diagnosis of hearing loss in children, allowing prompt intervention with significant results on speech and language development in affected children. UNHS in the Lazio region has been initially deliberated in 2012; however, the program has been performed on a universal basis only from 2015. The aim of this retrospective study is to present and discuss the preliminary results of the UNHS program in the Lazio region for the year 2016, highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of the program. METHODS: Data from screening facilities in the Lazio region for year 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Data for Level I centers were supplied by the Lazio regional offices; data for Level II and III centers were provided by units that participated to the study. RESULTS: During 2016, a total of 44,805 babies were born in the Lazio region. First stage screening was performed on 41,821 children in 37 different birth centers, with a coverage rate of 93.3%. Of these, 38.977 (93.2%) obtained a "pass" response; children with a "refer" result in at least one ear were 2844 (6.8%). Data from Level II facilities are incomplete due to missing reporting, one of the key issues in Lazio UNHS. Third stage evaluation was performed on 365 children in the three level III centers of the region, allowing identification of 70 children with unilateral (40%) or bilateral (60%) hearing loss, with a prevalence of 1.6/1000. CONCLUSIONS: The analysis of 2016 UNHS in the Lazio region allowed identification of several strengths and weaknesses of the initial phase of the program. The strengths include a correct spread and monitoring of UNHS among Level I facilities, with an adequate coverage rate, and the proper execution of audiological monitoring and diagnosis among Level III facilities. Weakness, instead, mainly consisted in lack of an efficient and automated central process for collecting, monitoring and reporting of data and information.

5 Article Audiologic Assessment in Adults With Down Syndrome. 2017

Picciotti, Pasqualina M / Carfì, Angelo / Anzivino, Roberta / Paludetti, Gaetano / Conti, Guido / Brandi, Vincenzo / Bernabei, Roberto / Onder, Graziano. ·Pasqualina M. Picciotti, Angelo Carfì, Roberta Anzivino, Gaetano Paludetti, Guido Conti, Vincenzo Brandi, Roberto Bernabei, and Graziano Onder, Department of Gerontology, Neurosciences, Head and Neck and Orthopedics, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy. ·Am J Intellect Dev Disabil · Pubmed #28654410.

ABSTRACT: Increased life expectancy in persons with Down syndrome (DS) is associated with premature age-related changes. The aim of this study was to assess auditory function in adults with DS and to evaluate the prevalence of hearing loss in this population. Audiometric tests were performed in 72 adults with DS (mean age 37.3±10.1 years, 51.4% females). Air conduction pure tone average (PTA) thresholds at frequencies 0.5-1-2-4 kHz were calculated to assess hearing function. Hearing loss was present if the PTA threshold was > 20 dB hearing level. Higher frequencies of 4 and 8 kHz were also assessed. Hearing loss was shown in 47 (65.3%) participants. The prevalence of hearing loss increased with age, ranging from 42.86% in the 20-29 years group to 90.91% in the 50-59 years group. High frequencies (4 and 8 kHz) were more often impaired than other frequencies used to measure PTA. Thus, the study concluded hearing loss is common in adults with DS and shows a pattern compatible with precocious aging of the hearing system. Auditory evaluation is strongly recommended in adults with DS.

6 Article Relationship between Subjective Tinnitus Perception and Psychiatric Discomfort. 2017

Fetoni, Anna Rita / Lucidi, Daniela / Corso, Eugenio De / Fiorita, Antonella / Conti, Guido / Paludetti, Gaetano. ·Department Head and Neck Surgery - Institute of Otorhinolaryngology, Catholic University of Sacred Heart. Rome, Italy. ·Int Tinnitus J · Pubmed #28452717.

ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Tinnitus patients have higher risk of developing anxiety-depressive disorders and decreased quality of life. The reasons why selected patients are able to cope with chronic tinnitus, whereas it represents a disabling symptom for others remain under discussion. OBJECTIVES: the objective of the study was to determine the tinnitus-related degree of distress along with the prevalence of anxiety-depression disorders in a sample of eighty patients referring for chronic tinnitus at the Department of Otolaryngology of Catholic University of Rome from March to September 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We administered to all patients the Italian versions of Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Furthermore we investigated the correlation among patient's discomfort, severity of hearing loss and age. RESULTS: Average THI score was 40.85, meaning moderate degree of discomfort; 57.5% of the patients showed HADS scores consistent with high risk of psychiatric comorbidities. A significant linear correlation between THI and HADS scores was demonstrated. CONCLUSION: We suggest that patients with severe tinnitus-related distress are routinely invited to accomplish psychometric questionnaires, to assess the possibility of a neuropsychiatric evaluation and/or specific pharmacological planning. At this purpose we recommend the administration of HADS, as a reliable and quick instrument.

7 Article Audiological Monitoring in Children Treated with Platinum Chemotherapy. 2016

Fetoni, A R / Ruggiero, A / Lucidi, D / De Corso, E / Sergi, B / Conti, G / Paludetti, G. ·Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, A. Gemelli Hospital, Università Cattolica, Rome, Italy. ·Audiol Neurootol · Pubmed #27286730.

ABSTRACT: Platinum compounds constitute the standard treatment for solid tumors in pediatric oncology. The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of platinum compounds in the development of ototoxicity in children following chemotherapy. This study included 160 patients treated with cisplatin and carboplatin for malignant solid diseases from 2007 to 2014. Their audiograms were classified according to the Boston SIOP ototoxicity scale. Twenty-five percent of the children treated with platinum compounds developed ototoxicity. The incidence of ototoxicity was correlated with the type of platinum derivative (i.e. cisplatin vs. carboplatin), coadministration of both drugs and concomitant cranial radiotherapy, but not with sex and age. Cumulative dose was correlated only with the cisplatin administration. Nine patients (8.6%) showed further progression of hearing impairment after the end of chemotherapy. The low rate of ototoxicity suggests the pivotal role of auditory monitoring in children treated with platinum compounds in order to be able to identify hearing loss at an early stage and to provide, jointly with pediatric oncologists, strategies to reduce further progression of cochlear toxicity.

8 Article Achieving effective hearing aid fitting within one month after identification of childhood permanent hearing impairment. 2016

Bastanza, G / Gallus, R / De Carlini, M / Picciotti, P M / Muzzi, E / Ciciriello, E / Orzan, E / Conti, G. ·Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Otorhinolaryngology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, "A. Gemelli" Hospital, Rome, Italy; · Audiology and Otolaryngology Unit, Institute for Maternal and Child Health, IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo", Trieste, Italy. ·Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital · Pubmed #27054389.

ABSTRACT: Diagnosis of child permanent hearing impairment (PHI) can be made with extreme timeliness compared to the past thanks to improvements in PHI identification through newborn hearing screening programmes. It now becomes essential to provide an effective amplification as quickly as possible in order to restore auditory function and favour speech and language development. The early fitting of hearing aids and possible later cochlear implantation indeed prompts the development of central auditory pathways, connections with secondary sensory brain areas, as well as with motor and articulatory cortex. The aim of this paper is to report the results of a strategic analysis that involves identification of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats regarding the process of achieving early amplification in all cases of significant childhood PHI. The analysis is focused on the Italian situation and is part of the Italian Ministry of Health project CCM 2013 "Preventing Communication Disorders: a Regional Program for Early Identification, Intervention and Care of Hearing Impaired Children".

9 Article Early definition of type, degree and audiogram shape in childhood hearing impairment. 2016

Conti, G / Gallus, R / Fetoni, A R / Martina, B M / Muzzi, E / Orzan, E / Bastanza, G. ·Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Otorhinolaryngology Catholic University of the Sacred Heart "A. Gemelli" Hospital, Rome, Italy; · Audiology and Otolaryngology Unit, Institute for Maternal and Child Health, IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo", Trieste, Italy. ·Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital · Pubmed #27054387.

ABSTRACT: In the context of permanent childhood hearing loss, early audiological diagnosis is a prerequisite for activation of an adequate rehabilitation program to prevent or limit the known effects that auditory deprivation determines on language development and cognitive skills in neonates. Audiological diagnosis consists schematically of three phases: identification of subjects at risk, definition of hearing loss and/or children features, verification of appropriateness of diagnosis itself and a rehabilitation programme. Strategies and methods of audiological diagnosis are well defined and include an integration of data coming from objective methods with clinical and behavioural data. Although the substantial effectiveness of procedures and a general consensus on their use and interpretation have been defined, there are several critical issues concerning the achievement of this objective, which will be discussed in this paper.

10 Article Teaching NeuroImages: cochleitis: a rare cause of acute deafness in a patient with HCV. 2011

Luigetti, M / Cianfoni, A / Modoni, A / Conte, A / Conti, G / Sabatelli, M. ·Department of Neurology, University of Sacred Heart– Rome, Rome, Italy. mluigetti@gmail.com ·Neurology · Pubmed #22042803.

ABSTRACT: -- No abstract --

11 Unspecified Infant hearing loss: from diagnosis to therapy Official Report of XXI Conference of Italian Society of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. 2012

Paludetti, G / Conti, G / DI Nardo, W / DE Corso, E / Rolesi, R / Picciotti, P M / Fetoni, A R. ·Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Institute of Otorhinolaryngology, Catholic University of The Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy. ·Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital · Pubmed #23349554.

ABSTRACT: Hearing loss is one of the most common disabilities and has lifelong consequences for affected children and their families. Both conductive and sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) may be caused by a wide variety of congenital and acquired factors. Its early detection, together with appropriate intervention, is critical to speech, language and cognitive development in hearing-impaired children. In the last two decades, the application of universal neonatal hearing screening has improved identification of hearing loss early in life and facilitates early intervention. Developments in molecular medicine, genetics and neuroscience have improved the aetiological classification of hearing loss. Once deafness is established, a systematic approach to determining the cause is best undertaken within a dedicated multidisciplinary setting. This review addresses the innovative evidences on aetiology and management of deafness in children, including universal neonatal screening, advances in genetic diagnosis and the contribution of neuroimaging. Finally, therapy remains a major challenge in management of paediatric SNHL. Current approaches are represented by hearing aids and cochlear implants. However, recent advances in basic medicine which are identifying the mechanisms of cochlear damage and defective genes causing deafness, may represent the basis for novel therapeutic targets including implantable devices, auditory brainstem implants and cell therapy.