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Hearing Disorders: HELP
Articles by Sandra E. Black
Based on 2 articles published since 2010
(Why 2 articles?)

Between 2010 and 2020, Sandra E. Black wrote the following 2 articles about Hearing Disorders.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Review Linking Deafness and Dementia: Challenges and Opportunities. 2017

Lin, Vincent Y W / Black, Sandra E. ·*Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery ‚ĆDepartment of Medicine, Division of Neurology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre ‚Ä°Hurvitz Brain Sciences Program, Sunnybrook Research Institute, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. ·Otol Neurotol · Pubmed #28806332.

ABSTRACT: : The rising incidence of dementia locally and worldwide has now reached a critical level. The associated costs associated with these individuals will ultimately be untenable to most societies. Furthermore there is a paucity of highly effective treatments. However, the recent discovery of the association of hearing loss and dementia may open many potential opportunities. Although we still are acquiring knowledge on the pathophysiology of this association, clinicians are hopeful that our current highly effective treatments of hearing loss may ultimately be shown to have a positive effect on those with dementia.

2 Article Development of cognitive screening test for the severely hearing impaired: Hearing-impaired MoCA. 2017

Lin, Vincent Y W / Chung, Janet / Callahan, Brandy L / Smith, Leah / Gritters, Nils / Chen, Joseph M / Black, Sandra E / Masellis, Mario. ·Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. · Sunnybrook Research Institute, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. · Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. · Division of Neurology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ·Laryngoscope · Pubmed #28409842.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: To develop a version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) to be administered to the severely hearing impaired (HI-MoCA), and to assess its performance in two groups of cognitively intact adults over the age of 60. STUDY TYPE: Test development followed by prospective subject recruitment. METHODS: The MoCA was converted into a timed PowerPoint (Microsoft Corp., Redmond, WA) presentation, and verbal instructions were converted into visual instructions. Two groups of subjects over the age of 60 were recruited. All subjects passed screening questionnaires to eliminate those with undiagnosed mild cognitive impairment. The first group had normal hearing (group 1). The second group was severely hearing impaired (group 2). Group 1 received either the MoCA or HI-MoCA test (T1). Six months later (T2), subjects were administered the test (MoCA or HI-MoCA) they had not received previously to determine equivalency. Group 2 received the HI-MoCA at T1 and again at T2 to determine test-retest reliability. RESULTS: One hundred and three subjects were recruited into group 1, with a score of 26.66 (HI-MoCA) versus 27.14 (MoCA). This was significant (P < 0.05), but scoring uses whole numerals and the 0.48 difference was found not clinically significant using post hoc sensitivity analyses. Forty-nine subjects were recruited into group 2. They scored 26.18 and 26.49 (HI-MoCA at T1 and T2). No significance was noted (P > 0.05), with a test-retest coefficient of 0.66. CONCLUSION: The HI-MoCA is easy to administer and reliable for screening cognitive impairment in the severely hearing impaired. No conversion factor is required in our prospectively tested cohort of cognitively intact subjects. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 1b. Laryngoscope, 127:S4-S11, 2017.