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Celiac Disease: HELP
Articles by Muriel Nathan
Based on 2 articles published since 2010
(Why 2 articles?)

Between 2010 and 2020, Muriel Nathan wrote the following 2 articles about Celiac Disease.
+ Citations + Abstracts
1 Clinical Trial Celiac disease detection in hypothyroid patients requiring elevated thyroid supplementation: A prospective cohort study. 2015

Zubarik, Richard / Ganguly, Eric / Nathan, Muriel / Vecchio, James. ·University of Vermont Medical Center Divisions of Gastroenterology, Burlington, VT, United States. Electronic address: Richard.zubarik@vtmednet.org. · University of Vermont Medical Center Divisions of Gastroenterology, Burlington, VT, United States. · Endocrinology, Burlington, VT, United States. ·Eur J Intern Med · Pubmed #26423749.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Celiac disease (CD) is associated with hypothyroidism, but the disease prevalence is not thought to be great enough to warrant testing all hypothyroid patients. We hypothesized that hypothyroid patients with concomitant CD would require elevated doses of levothyroxine, and there is a threshold daily dose, above which, hypothyroid patients should be tested for CD. METHODS: Hypothyroid patients presenting to the endoscopy or endocrinology clinics at the University of Vermont Medical Center were included. Patients were categorized by whether or not they required ≥125mcg/day of levothyroxine. A serum tissue transglutaminase (tTG) was performed on enrolled patients. Patients with an elevated serum tTG underwent endoscopy with duodenal biopsies. Symptoms were assessed by the Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale. RESULTS: Overall, 500 patients were enrolled and 29% (144 patients) required ≥125mcg/day of levothyroxine. CD was detected in 9 patients. The prevalence of CD ranged from 1.8% in our entire cohort to 12.5% in patients requiring ≥200mcg/day of levothyroxine. Eight patients with CD (89%) required ≥125mcg/day of levothyroxine. Patients who required ≥125mcg/day of levothyroxine had a significantly increased risk of CD (p<0.001). CD was detected in 5.6% of patients requiring ≥125mcg/day of levothyroxine. CONCLUSIONS: Hypothyroid patients requiring elevated daily doses of levothyroxine are more likely to have CD. Hypothyroid patients requiring ≥125mcg/day of levothyroxine should undergo serologic testing for CD.

2 Article Celiac disease and hypothyroidism. 2012

Collins, Dan / Wilcox, Rebecca / Nathan, Muriel / Zubarik, Richard. ·Department of Medicine, University of Vermont/Fletcher Allen Health Care, Burlington, USA. ·Am J Med · Pubmed #22340926.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Celiac disease is more common in patients with hypothyroidism. Malabsorption of levothyroxine has not been studied in this population. We sought to determine if levothyroxine dosing was influenced by the presence and treatment of celiac disease. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at an academic medical center. Cases had hypothyroidism and celiac disease. Controls had hypothyroidism alone and were selected randomly through the endocrinology clinic records. Celiac disease was defined as representative pathology with positive serology. Age, sex, height, weight, body mass index, creatinine, and medical comorbidity were assessed for cases and controls. The levothyroxine dose and weight-based levothyroxine dose necessary to maintain a euthyroid state was evaluated for controls, and before and after celiac disease therapy for cases. RESULTS: Celiac disease was identified in 152 patients, and 22 patients had concomitant hypothyroidism (14.5%). Seven cases met inclusion criteria. Overall, 200 control patients were identified. The mean celiac disease pretreatment levothyroxine dose and weight-based levothyroxine dose needed to maintain a euthyroid state were higher in cases than in controls (154 μg vs 106 μg, P=.007, and 2.6 μg/kg vs 1.3 μg/kg, P <.001). Doses decreased significantly after treatment of celiac disease (154 μg vs 111 μg, P=.03; and 2.64 μg/kg vs 1.89 μg/kg, P=.04). All cases required at least 125 μg of levothyroxine initially to maintain a euthyroid state. CONCLUSIONS: Levothyroxine malabsorption likely occurs with hypothyroidism and untreated celiac disease. Absorption may improve after celiac disease treatment. Screening for celiac disease in patients with hypothyroidism requiring elevated levothyroxine doses warrants further investigation.